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  1. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/gatineau-residents-upset-hexo-cannabis-odour-1.5157901 Hexo facility produces almost a third of Quebec's legal cannabis Gatineau resident Virginie Roussin lives down the street from Hexo, a cannabis producer based in Masson-Angers. Roussin says the smell of pot production at the plant is overwhelming. (Radio-Canada) People who live in the community of Masson-Angers in eastern Gatineau, Que., are raising a stink about the emissions coming from a massive cannabis production plant. Hexo operates a 1.3 million-square-foot facility that produces almost a third of all the legal pot sold in Quebec. Residents including Virgine Roussin say the strong cannabis odour emanating from the production facility is affecting her lifestyle. "I have a five-year-old son and I'm mad because it's not supposed to smell. That's what they [Hexo] told us," Roussin said in an interview from her home down the road from the facility. Hexo's production plant in Gatineau's eastern Masson-Angers sector produces 108,000 kilograms of cannabis a year. It supplies 30 per cent of the legal marijuana sold through the SQDC, a subsidiary of the Quebec liquor authority. (Radio-Canada) She said the daily smell has become so intolerable she no longer hangs her laundry out to dry or leaves her windows open. "Last Sunday we opened a bit of my son's room [window] and we closed the door. Afterward when we came back at night, it was like we smoked a joint in the room." Roussin said the smell sometimes causes her throat to itch and she's worried about the long-term health effects of the emissions. CBC News Ottawa 'It's like we smoked a joint in the room' 00:00 00:48 Virgine Roussin, who lives in eastern Gatineau, Que., says the smell coming from the nearby cannabis production plant is infiltrating the home she shares with her five-year-old son. 0:48 Company using filters Hexo spokesperson Caroline Milliard said cannabis is natural, its aroma is "harmless," and smelling it doesn't get you high. "The THC component of the plant has to be burned or heated, that's [when] you can have a therapeutical (sic) or psychoactive effect," Milliard said. According to Milliard, the company formerly known as Hydropothecary meets all Health Canada regulations, uses "high quality carbon filters" to reduce the smell and composts cannabis waste. Oops... We're sorry, this content is not available in your location. If you believe you have received this message in error please contact us Error 21 People living near the Hexo cannabis plant say the smell from the company is so bad that it can smell like someone smoked a joint in their house. 6:56 Hexo said it has already met with local, provincial and federal politicians to discuss concerns. Gatineau Mayor Maxime Pedneaud-Jobin said the province is in charge of responding to issues with cannabis facilities and he's not ready to consider restricting those businesses within Gatineau. "The plant is in an area where it is fairly isolated. Yes, there are citizens that live around but not as many as in other areas in Gatineau. I think the location is quite good," Pedneaud-Jobin said. "They have to improve the technology so the smell is not as strong as it is. They're willing to do that. I think that's the first step before we talk about any kind of ban." The plant is located in Gatineau's rural suburb of Masson-Angers. Nearby residents are concerned about the impact of the strong odour that the plant emits. (Radio-Canada) Little known about health effects Last spring, Public Health Ontario (PHO) looked at the potential health effects related to the smells coming from cannabis operations. "Our study found that there's nothing that answers that question yet," said Dr. Ray Copes, PHO's chief of environmental and occupational health. Copes said cannabis production facilities usually pop up in rural areas and lack the sample population required to conduct scientific studies. Dr. Copes is Public Health Ontario's chief of environmental and occupational health. (CBC) The provincial health authority's analysis does show that strong smells can lead to headaches or irritation in people with a low tolerance for odour, but for the most part this remains a "nuisance" issue. PHO recommended creating a system to "report and track nuisance odours" to come up with ways to fix potential problems. "People don't find [the smell] pleasant and feel that it leads to a decrease at least in their quality of life and their ability to enjoy their property," said Copes. Roussin said the community has asked for a meeting with Hexo but has yet to get a response. Hexo's Milliard said the company is planning a community meeting and wants to hold an open house for residents, but dates have not yet been set.
  2. Fear still rules cannabis regulation one year after legalization As we approach the one-year anniversary of cannabis legalization in this country, it’s important to reflect on the bumpy road we’ve encountered since making what might be considered one of the largest social policy changes in Canadian history. As it stands, legal cannabis sales have topped $100-million a month. To put that in perspective, that’s more than Canadians spend on oral care products and only marginally less than we spend on seafood. The industry has also added $8 billion to Canada’s GDP. With these huge financial implications, legalization hasn’t had the desired impact on social justice for those previously convicted of drug offences, which are now legal. The illicit market is still thriving, in part due to frequent consumers who are more price sensitive than infrequent customers. If you’re consuming an ounce a month, the $4.72 average difference in a gram of legal and illicit cannabis means you’re saving $132 by sticking with your illicit supplier. Sales of legal cannabis picked up significantly after Ontario began allowing private retail stores in April, highlighting that access to legal retail stores are key to the success of this new endeavour, especially for new or infrequent consumers. That said, there aren’t many new users. Youth consumption has stayed fairly level, and data suggest that the reported increase in overall use (from 14 per cent before legalization to about 16 per cent now) is a reflection of people being more honest in surveys. What was unexpected is that many of the new cannabis consumers are men, 45 years of age and older. It’s not Gen Z who’s lighting up, it’s Gen X. There are many reasons to be uneasy about the rollout of cannabis legalization. Under the Cannabis Act, the feds get to control production regulations and manage criminal sanctions for violation of the act. The provinces control how cannabis is distributed and sold. Some provinces have chosen to model liquor stores, while others have opted for a wide-open approach that permits private distribution and retail stores. Even when taking the same general approach, provinces differ in their execution. Alberta has 254 private stores, while Ontario only has 25 stores authorized with another 40 on the way. Though the production industry is rapidly expanding, fostering economic growth across the country, many people are feeling left out. The communities most harmed by the criminalization of cannabis seem least poised to enjoy the economic benefits of legalization. Places like Oakland, California, understand this issue and have taken steps to ensure those previously convicted of cannabis related crimes are first in line to get cannabis retail licenses in the city. It would be easy to place the blame on the federal government for legalization’s shortcomings and the continued power of the black market. The overly harsh penalties for possessing “illegal” cannabis, decreased rights during traffic stops, and lack of access to a variety of cannabis products at launch, soured many consumers on the new model. However, it is the poorly executed provincial rollout of cannabis retail that has most helped the black market survive. Canada has almost 400 retail stores. This may sound like a lot, but Colorado, with one sixth the population, has more than 560. When we make cannabis hard to access legally we just push people toward the black market. Add in the lingering odour of government prohibitionist rhetoric that filled our textbooks and TV screens for a century, it’s no wonder many people don’t jump towards this overly regulated cannabis market. Cannabis legalization doesn’t show signs of harming our society, but it isn’t running as well as hoped. Getting rid of prohibition was supposed to be a great social achievement and frankly saving 50,000 police incidents a year is both good for policing and for the people who would have been on the receiving end of that policing. But the end of prohibition has turned out to be far more about business forecasts and regulatory challenges than about the social justice we needed to engender. Perhaps as cannabis becomes more normalized and the industry matures, we’ll see federal and provincial authorities stop regulating cannabis from a position of fear and distrust and use the benefits of legalization to right systemic wrongs. After all, we’re only a year into legalization after spending more than 100 years building prohibition. Though I’m uneasy about where we are now, I’m looking forward to seeing what comes next. Whatever the shortcomings of the current system, it is clear we’re better off without prohibition. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/2019/10/09/fear-still-rules-cannabis-regulation-one-year-after-legalization.html
  3. May Providence protect us all (from coerced scientology-based treatment, for example)! [ https:// www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2019/09/17/1916753/0/en/CANAQUEST-MEDICAL-CORP-announces-filing-of-INTERNATIONAL-CANNABIS-PATENT.html ] GNW: CanaQuest Medical Corp announces filing of international cannabis patent (2019-Sep-17) “ The patented formulated product is called Mentabinol™, which treats various psychiatric disorders. ” After rats my hope is that this is tested on all those making a dime on it, starting with United Nations "public health" insiders, self-serving polititians & friend$ (e.g. so-called "spe¢iali$ts"/"expert$", do¢tor$, therapi$ts, poli¢e agent$, ma$$ media, Li¢en$ed Produ¢er$), etc...
  4. [ https:// www.straight.com/cannabis/1291741/dana-larsen-canadian-docs-warned-cannabis-could-be-risky-opioids# ] Dana Larsen: Canadian docs warned that cannabis could be as risky as opioids (2019-Aug-23) Simply put: those making a dime on "Légaleezation" (e.g. "Prohibition 2.0") still can't refrain from cheating in a multitude of manners. Basically, even so-called "scientifics" such as doctors (who actually pledged to the Hippocratic oath!) just seem to forget all ethical notions despite their superior PUBLIC duties. M'well, lets notice this actually occurs in a Commonwealth country where political instrumentalization of former astronaut Marc Garneau during the 2015 electoral campaign happened to cause gullible/naïve voters to believe there might be true science under a liberal government... Only a few months later Trudeau's fresh-new "Task Force" started to pave the way with hints of its real agenda, after been given a majority of seats in Ottawa's federal parliament. For example that's how UNGASS 2016 led to expressing informed criticism on the international scene, emanating from a former supreme court judge and high-profile UN insider right the next day! Then a bogus national "consultation" followed which culminated with some "report" on August 24th, finally revealing (back then) that the Québec province only had *1* Licensed Producer over a total of 36!! Meanwhile in Calgary/Alberta the Canadian Society of Addiction Medicine was organizing what i came to call Canada's 2016 Halloween "science" show (e.g. designed for bigot anti-cannabi¢ prohibitioni$ts, 80-some of them!): [ http:// ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/811093/legalisation-marijuana-canada-mise-en-garde-experts-americains ] SRC - Légalisation de la marijuana: des experts américains mettent en garde le Canada (2016-Oct-26) Except their mediatic operation somehow took place at hotel Marriott in Montréal/Québec, go figure! Now guess who managed to get invited as int'l "scientific" guests: Kevin Sabet Nora Volkow Which was supposed to teach Canada some valuable "science-based" lessons inspired from USA's Colorado adventure, also providing Sabet one rare opportunity to enlarge his own self-serving visibility while selling a book in the proce$$! ...
  5. Salutations, Did i ever explain why i refer to the "Légaleezation" of trudeau? Here's a hint: [ https:// www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/quebec-cannabis-homegrowing-1.5269046 ] CBC: Quebec's ban on growing cannabis at home unconstitutional, judge rules (2019-Sep-3) Apparently its revolving around some legalist technicality, based on arguing that criminal legislation belongs to a federal jurisdiction... As if nobody could think of it earlier. Worse, the province still may want to appeal in court or even just adapt its present self-cultivation ban to render it "constitutional"! Meanwhile landlords who retroactively modified residential lease agreements, unilaterally, may still ask for lawful eviction of cannabis consumers. Which is only a sample of this whole mess, etc., etc. Good day, have fun!!
  6. 2015 Electoral Platform

    From the album Historical Background

    Pay attention to the "incidental" world. Justin's Liberals needed a couple years just to translate this expression correctly when addressing the french-speaking population of Québec where it should have read as "possession simple", which implies very serious legal consequences which the rest of Canada simply couldn't even notice because of the language barrier, plus other considerations...
  7. Does weed make you a better driver? No, probably not, University of Calgary researcher says If you smoke a joint or eat a cannabis-infused cookie, are you a better driver because you drive more slowly and carefully? The answer is complicated and more research is needed, according to a University of Calgary doctoral student who has put this question in her crosshairs, but currently she says the best evidence seems to say, no, probably not. "The idea is people who are high are aware that they are high and attempt to compensate for it by slowing down and increasing their following distance," researcher Sarah Simmons told the Calgary Eyeopener on Wednesday. "But those are only two components of driving. There is still the detection and response to on-road hazards, the ability to keep the vehicle in the lane laterally, longitudinally, just the control of the vehicle in general." Simmons is doing her PhD in psychology on this exact issue. But where is the question coming from? 'Controversy in the science' CBC News reported Tuesday there had been only one marijuana-impaired driving charge laid in Calgary since recreational use of the drug was legalized last October. Defence lawyer Tim Foster chatted with the Calgary Eyeopener that morning and said cannabis and alcohol aren't the same when it comes to impaired driving. "It definitely is different than alcohol," Foster said. "There is a lot of controversy in the science about whether cannabis actually makes you a better driver or worse driver, depending on the amounts." Meanwhile, if you ask Google, "Does weed make you a better driver?" you'll find lots of people suggesting that, yes, it does. But Simmons says the best research out there right now doesn't fully agree. "What we know for certain from several meta-analyses, the best-quality evidence you can get, is that the crash risk associated with having cannabis in your system increases up to about double. If you have it in your system, you are up to twice as likely to crash versus if you don't have it in your system," she said. "That is not necessarily a causal relationship, it is an association," she cautioned. "We are still trying to parse apart the relative contributions, the underlying characteristics of people who smoke cannabis and then drive and then crash, versus the acute state of being high." But, she added, the field still hasn't reached consensus on some basic things, such as how to determine cannabis impairment. "What do we call impairment?" she said. "We have to agree on that first, which is actually quite challenging. There are lots of different ways that we measure impairment in the traffic safety field." She also says that, academically speaking, legalization has its advantages. "Now that cannabis has been legalized, this opens up the door for more research in Canada, particularly." https://ca.news.yahoo.com/does-weed-better-driver-no-194828015.html
  8. From the album Perspectives

    Less than 3 months it appears some canuck citizens feel like dancing while others may not.
  9. Researchers have uncovered how cannabis plants produce a pain-relieving molecule which is 30 times more powerful than aspirin at reducing inflammation. The discovery could pave the way to developing a new medicine derived from the molecule which would save chronic pain patients from the risk of becoming addicted to opiate-based treatments, they say. According to the team at the University of Guelph in Canada, they discovered how the molecule was produced using a combination of biochemistry and genomics. "There's clearly a need to develop alternatives for relief of acute and chronic pain that go beyond opioids," said Professor Tariq Akhtar, of the university's department of molecular and cellular biology. "These molecules are non-psychoactive and they target the inflammation at the source, making them ideal painkillers." The key molecules themselves, called cannflavin A and cannflavin B, are known as "flavonoids" and were discovered in 1985. Researchers had already verified that they provided anti-inflammatory benefits which were nearly 30 times more effective gram-for-gram than aspirin But further research into the topic stalled because of strict laws on cannabis regulating who could use the drug. But last year Canada legalised recreational use of the drug, at which point Professor Akhtar and his colleague Professor Steven Rothstein decided to analyse the plant to understand how the cannflavins were created. "Our objective was to better understand how these molecules are made, which is a relatively straightforward exercise these days," said Prof Akhtar. "There are many sequenced genomes that are publicly available, including the genome of Cannabis sativa, which can be mined for information. "If you know what you're looking for, one can bring genes to life, so to speak, and piece together how molecules like cannflavins A and B are assembled," the professor added. The findings of the research team were published in the journal Phytochemistry, and offer scientists the opportunity to create natural health products containing the powerful anti-inflammatory molecules. "Being able to offer a new pain relief option is exciting, and we are proud that our work has the potential to become a new tool in the pain relief arsenal," said Prof Rothstein. The research comes amid an opioid crisis in the US which researchers have suggested is being driven partly by the amount of strong painkillers being given, wrongly, to surgery patients. Donald Trump has declared America's use of opioids a national public health emergency, calling it "the worst drug crisis in American history". The President directed all executive agencies to use every appropriate emergency authority to fight the opioid crisis, which he described as a "worldwide problem" when he came to office.
  10. Patient who uses 100 grams of pot per day granted right to possess a kilogram at a time Social Sharin The Federal Court has ruled that a 150-gram limit on possession of medical pot violated the constitutional rights of a man who is allowed to use 100 grams a day, or about three kilograms a month. (CBC) The Federal Court has granted a medical cannabis patient the right to possess a kilogram of marijuana at a time, ruling that the 150-gram regulatory cap violates his constitutional rights. Allan Harris, who has a doctor's authorization for a daily dose of 100 grams, argued the 150-gram limit impeded his ability to travel. He said it also cost him dearly financially. The cap prevented him from leaving home for longer than a day and a half at a time and caused him to pay higher shipping fees for multiple orders of smaller quantities, instead of cheaper bulk deliveries. In his ruling issued Friday, Justice Henry Brown said Harris's rights had been infringed. "In effect, Harris is under a form of home arrest brought about solely because of the inadequately low cumulative total possession limit manifesting itself in the circumstances of his particular case," he said. "With respect, this is an injustice …" The ruling gives Harris an exemption so he can possess a 10-day supply at any given time, which amounts to one kilogram. Brown noted the amount Harris is permitted to consume is "extraordinarily high," totalling about three kilograms a month. According to the judgment, Harris did not state the nature of his illness or why he needs so much medical cannabis, but Brown said the quantity required to meet his health needs is "for the prescribing health care professional to decide, not the court." 'Irreparable harm' Harris established he had endured "irreparable harm" because his mobility and equality rights were breached in what amounted to "unlawful discrimination." Cannabis activist Jodie Emery said 100 grams would make about 200 smaller joints of about half-gram each, or about 100 bigger one-gram joints. Large prescription doses are usually for patients who need a substantial amount of the dried product to make food items or other consumables, she said. Emery said she doesn't think there should be any limits on medical cannabis possession or transport because it's a plant that poses little or no risk. Medical weed 'under attack' "Medical cannabis has been under attack by government for decades, and it is only through the courts that patients are granted protection from harmful, unjustified cannabis prohibition laws," she said. Dr. Jürgen Rehm is a senior scientist at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. He said that while there's nothing wrong with allowing a patient a ten-day supply of a medication, the federal government should revisit the regulations and "start putting the same scrutiny on medical cannabis as on any other medication. "Currently, medical cannabis law regulations are a mess," he said. "The amount of cannabis (in this case) seems very high, but aside from this, to allow 10 days' supply of any medication does not raise a problem. And there will be very few cases like this in Canada, so I see no problem." Some patients choose to ingest their medicinal marijuana rather than smoke it. Jack Lloyd, a Toronto-based lawyer specializing in marijuana cases, called the limit on possession "arbitrary." He said he's pleased with the favourable Federal Court ruling but added he would like to see class exemptions for people with medical conditions. "To litigate this matter every time it arises would exhaust the people it affects the most — many of whom are chronically ill and unable to defend themselves, especially if required to go through a lengthy court process," he said. A spokesperson for Health Canada would not comment on the court decision, saying only that "all public possession and shipping limits under the Cannabis Act and its Regulations remain in effect." The legal cap for possession of recreational marijuana is 30 grams. Possession, production, distribution and sale outside the rules could lead to criminal penalties ranging from a ticket to a prison sentence of 14 years. https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/medicinal-marijuana-cannabis-harris-1.5197199?cmp=rss
  11. https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/home-gardening-cannabis-canada-1.5140221 'Price-conscious' pot consumers find backyard planting way cheaper Will police enforce limit of 4 plants per household? That depends CBC News · Posted: May 22, 2019 4:00 AM ET | Last Updated: May 22 For the first time, Canadians are busy planting weeds in their gardens, rather than trying to prevent them. Or more accurately, they're planting "weed" in their gardens. The federal Cannabis Act specifies that each household can cultivate up to four plants — either indoors or out. Manitoba and Quebec have opted to prohibit homegrown cannabis, but there's already evidence Canadians in other provinces are set to take advantage of the herb's newly legal status. "I'm really excited to be able to grow it," says Matt Soltys, a father of two in Guelph, Ont., and a student of botany at the University of Guelph. "I'm not even a big user of cannabis, but I'm excited to have it in my garden without the stigma or the illegality." Soltys planted four seeds indoors in February. They've grown to about half a metre high, bushy in pots, ready to be planted in his back garden now that the weather is warm enough. "They're pretty healthy," says Soltys, who also offers workshops on how to grow and harvest cannabis. "They could easily get to 6 feet [1.8 metres] tall, 6 feet wide." Cannabis garden centre Alex Rea's family has been in the gardening business since 1985. Toronto-based Homegrown Hydroponics has four locations in Ontario and has specialized in growing cannabis indoors hydroponically, selling a wide selection of lights, fertilizers and other supplies. But Rea and his staff say they've seen a lot of new faces coming in the door recently, asking questions about the best way to cultivate cannabis outside in gardens or planters. Alex Rea's family has a chain of stores that specialize in hydroponics. He and his staff have had new customers coming in to ask about growing cannabis outdoors. (Rob Krbavac/CBC News) "Outdoor production is definitely cheaper," he says. "There is less equipment involved, and it's more environmentally friendly. There is no input of electricity to power grow-lights, for example." He adds that no matter where people grow their cannabis, there is a cost advantage to doing it yourself. "For the price-conscious consumer, if you're paying around $10 a gram for the varieties at the store, you might be only paying 50 cents per gram or less for a variety you grow yourself at home," says Rea. Seed shortages and big prices It's difficult to know yet just how many Canadians are taking advantage of the new opportunity to grow recreational cannabis at home. But demand is already outstripping supply, since a number of provincial authorities are reporting seed shortages. Alberta says there's a "very limited" supply of seeds in the province, and at the Ontario Cannabis Store, only one strain is currently available. A package with four seeds costs $58. CBC News contacted every province, and only Nova Scotia was able to specify the level of demand for seeds, saying that weekly sales have risen to a modest 14 packages of four seeds each in May from 10 packages back when the seeds were first offered for sale in February. The provincial distributor says it expects to be able to fill orders. Shega Youngson of Canopy Growth shows what $58 can buy you: four Baker Street brand indica cannabis seeds, sold at the Tokyo Smoke retail chain. (Jon Castell/CBC News) Canopy Growth, one of Canada's largest licensed producers, is also working to get more seed varieties into the system across the country. "Legalization is new, Oct. 17 was just a few months ago," says Shega Youngson, a spokesperson for the company. "Once we have a broader selection, I think that people will want to try it out." The Grow Project needs a name for its twigs and seeds Pot in provincial parks—where you can smoke and where you can't Kelowna, B.C.-based licensed cannabis producer Flowr currently has no seeds for sale, but its director of plant science says that by June, the company will have both seeds and "clones" available. "Clones are a cutting from a high quality, high producing mother plant," Deron Caplan said. "Right now, we're trying to find retailers we trust who can keep the clones alive. It's not as simple as seeds." Scott's Miracle Gro for cannabis? Scott's Miracle Gro, one of the best known brands of fertilizer for lawns and gardens, has a cannabis division, the Hawthorne Gardening Company, based in Surrey, B.C. Its focus has been on large commercial growers of cannabis, as well as hydroponics. Now it's developing products aimed at cannabis hobbyists in the consumer market. But is special fertilizer even needed? In his backyard in Guelph, Matt Soltys says that growing cannabis isn't much different from growing tomatoes. "I give it good compost and good water, good soil, access to enough light, and it knows what to do," he says. "It's a very hearty and forgiving plant, so there's not a lot of maintenance you need to do." Deron Caplan earned a PhD in cannabis horticulture at Guelph University, the first in North America. He's now the director of plant science at Flowr, a licensed producer in Kelowna. (Stephanie Masina/Flowr) Deron Caplan of Flowr — who has a PhD in cannabis horticulture — says fertilizer will indeed improve the quality and quantity of cannabis plants, although it may not be necessary to buy a brand specially designed for cannabis. "For new growers at home, they'll do very well with an off-the-shelf fertilizer geared toward something like tomatoes," he says. Police and homegrown weed Weed gardeners evidently have little to fear in the way of police enforcement. In response to a query from CBC News, the Vancouver Police Department said its strategy "continues to target those drug producers who show a high level of organization and co-ordination, and those who manufacture opioids and other harmful drugs for profit." Don Belanger of the Toronto Drug Squad says his team has no set protocol for homegrown weed. "To suggest that we're going to have teams of officers peeking in people's backyards to see if they're growing four plants, it's just not realistic," he says, adding that the drug squad will only investigate if there's a complaint. As for Matt Soltys, he's looking forward to a good harvest in the fall. "It'll start to flower mid-to-late summer and be ready to harvest usually mid-to-late September or early October." In his backyard in Guelph, Ont., botany student Soltys says he's excited to grow cannabis legally. (Rob Krbavac/CBC News) He only has one worry: people stealing his stash. "I advise people to plant it with visibility from neighbours in mind, behind fences or bushes — although you can't do much about the scent of it when it's in full flower unfortunately."
  12. https://www.vice.com/en_ca/article/3k3bmk/wheelchair-bound-man-launches-human-rights-complaint-over-legal-weed-regime Ken Harrower says Ontario’s cannabis retail system is too expensive, not accessible, and doesn't carry the products he needs. A Toronto man whose medical conditions require him to use a wheelchair is launching a human rights complaint arguing that Ontario’s legal recreational cannabis system is discriminatory against people who have disabilities or have low income. Ken Harrower, 57, uses cannabis to treat symptoms from his joint disorder arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (an inflammation of the lungs), and celiac disease, according to a news release published by his lawyer. Harrower cannot smoke weed. He needs to consume it by eating gluten-free edibles—which are not legally available for sale in Canada through either the medical or recreational systems—or by chewing raw cannabis. In addition to receiving funding from the Ontario Disability Support Program, Harrower panhandles to cover his expenses. Harrower alleges the Ontario Cannabis Store, which is in charge of the province’s legal weed retail scheme, has discriminated against him because it’s too expensive for him, doesn’t carry the products he needs, and can’t provide him with on-demand access because the physical stores are closed on holidays. He said two of the brick and mortar stores in Toronto, Ameri and The Hunny Pot have turned him away because they are not wheelchair accessible, and are too far away from his home. There are no legal storefronts for medical cannabis patients—it remains online only. VICE has reached out to Ontario Cannabis Store for comment but did not immediately receive a response. In an email statement, Cameron Brown, spokesman for The Hunny Pot, told VICE the store offers a temporary ramp for customers with accessibility needs. He said the shop’s inventory is constantly being updated but that it is working to “satisfy all of our customers.” Brown also said the store can’t legally open on statutory holidays and that its location is transit friendly. Harrower also said the province’s online retailer is discriminatory because it only accepts credit card payments, and has a prohibitive $5 shipping fee, which sometimes doubles his small orders. As a result, Harrower said he has been forced to shop at black market weed shops but he is concerned about being criminalized. Harrower launched the challenge against the Attorney General of Ontario, the Office of the Premier of Ontario, and the Toronto Police Service through the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal. “I am unable to access regulated products which would help me to alleviate my symptoms. I have been to the other newly-created retailers in Toronto and they turned me away,” Harrower said in the release. “The OCS cannot provide me with urgent, on-demand access and it is far too expensive for me. I am here today to help others facing a similar situation." Cannabis lawyer Jack Lloyd, who is working on the case, said Harrower has a right to access medicine in a dignified manner. “The current recreational and medical cannabis models do not provide many individuals like Mr. Harrower with sufficient access to their medicine,” Lloyd said in the release. “It goes without saying that criminalizing people like Ken, or the compassionate people who supply him with his medical cannabis at a time when no functional access exists, is an insult to his dignity as a human being.”
  13. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/medical-marijuana-housing-landlords-dartmouth-1.5102186 ‘If they kick me out of here I got no place to go’ David Burke · CBC News · Posted: Apr 23, 2019 6:00 AM AT | Last Updated: 5 hours ago Philip Bennett has a degenerative genetic disorder that makes it hard for him to walk. His use of medical marijuana in his apartment building has left him in danger of becoming homeless. Philip Bennett could soon be homeless. The 57-year-old is getting kicked out of his apartment building because he smoked and vaped medical marijuana on his balcony. He uses the marijuana to treat the pain caused by a genetic disorder that's slowly destroying his body. It has already robbed him of his ability to walk long distances. Outside of his apartment, Bennett requires a motorized wheelchair to get around. Bennett's landlord wants him out of the apartment building in Dartmouth by May 1, saying that Bennett broke the building's ban on marijuana use and that his smoking caused another tenant to move out. That's led to a legal fight that questions what right a landlord has to decide the kind of medication a tenant can use. "If they kick me out of here I got no place to go," said Bennett. "You won't have to worry about me vaping, you won't have to worry about me paying rent, you won't have to worry about nothing, everybody should be nice and happy. They put a wheelchair guy on the side of the road. Congratulations." Bennett uses his motorized wheelchair when he can to leave his landlord's property to smoke or vape marijuana. (David Burke/CBC) Bennett has been trying to find a place to live that is both accessible and affordable, a tall order given the fact he lives on income assistance. He's also reached out to local politicians and Housing Nova Scotia for help, but so far he hasn't found a new place to live. Bennett suffers from spinocerebellar ataxia, a genetic disorder that robs him of much of his mobility, throws off his co-ordination, makes it difficult to swallow and causes him pain throughout his body. His symptoms moved into high gear 17 years ago, forcing Bennett out of the forestry industry and onto income assistance. He's tried numerous medications over the years to treat his pain, but didn't like their side effects. His doctor eventually gave him a prescription for medical marijuana. Bennett said smoking or vaping the marijuana works best for him, giving him pain relief in seconds. Other forms take longer to work. "It helps steady my hands, it helps reduce the pain, it helps me walk a little bit easier, it helps me maintain my life a little bit better," he said. But his building on Nadia Drive has had a strict marijuana ban in place since he moved in, a ban that he broke repeatedly when he went to his balcony on the second floor to smoke or vape marijuana. Tammy Wohler is Bennett's lawyer. (David Burke/CBC) Tammy Wohler, Bennett's lawyer through Nova Scotia Legal Aid, said Bennett assumed that ban didn't apply to him because he had a prescription for medical marijuana. For almost three years he used his medical marijuana with no trouble. But his neighbours in the building began to complain last year. In August 2018, landlord Phillip Haddad of Eternity Developments gave Bennett a notice saying he wanted him out of the building, according to testimony in small claims court. Bennett didn't want to leave and got help from Nova Scotia Legal Aid to fight the notice to move. "In my view it's the duty of the landlord to accommodate Mr. Bennett's disability, in this case the way to accommodate him would be to simply allow him to smoke or vape it on his balcony," said Wohler. "This is not an undue hardship on the landlord in my view. I think it amounts to basically a form of discrimination." Smoking and vaping marijuana on his balcony upset Bennett's neighbours, who complained about the smoke and smell to his landlord. (Robert Guertin/CBC) Wohler said it's difficult for Bennett to leave the building just to be able to use marijuana to ease his pain. In winter, with snow-covered roads and sidewalks, it becomes treacherous for Bennett to venture out. He's scared of being hit by a car or hitting a pedestrian with his motorized chair. "What it boils down to, in my view, is that a landlord cannot dictate to a tenant how he or she can treat a medical disability," said Wohler. "My view is he should be allowed to take the medical cannabis to treat his condition in the way he feels fit." She said the landlord was willing to make some concessions, including allowing Bennett to use marijuana oil, but that is not good enough. "They're saying he can use medical cannabis as long as he uses the oil," she said, "But isn't that kind of like telling me, 'Yes, I can have my service dog, but only if it's, say, a poodle because people have allergies?'" Wohler's legal arguments have gone nowhere so far. A residential tenancy officer sided with the landlord at a hearing. Wohler appealed that decision to small claims court and lost again. Now she has appealed that decision to the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia. Bennett has to be out of his apartment on Nadia Drive in Dartmouth by May 1. (David Burke/CBC) Wohler admits that she was unable to gather the medical evidence necessary to drive her case home. She said part of the problem is that it's extremely difficult to find an expert who can testify about the medical benefits of smoking or vaping marijuana as opposed to ingesting it, because research is scarce on the topic. Along with the lack of medical evidence there were other reasons Wohler's case fell apart, according to Craig Arsenault, Haddad's lawyer. Haddad refused to do an interview and asked Arsenault to speak on his behalf. Arsenault said Bennett broke the apartment building's rules prohibiting the use of marijuana and refused to compromise with the landlord. The smoke and smell from the marijuana also disturbed other tenants, the lawyer said. Despite the fact that Bennett provided no evidence that his consumption of cannabis was medically necessary, Arsenault said the landlord still tried to help him. "The owners agreed to accommodate him, offered him to use it by any other means other than smoking, or to smoke off the premises," said Arsenault. "He just continued to smoke in his apartment and on his balcony, causing a pregnant woman below to move, other tenants to voice complaints. And other tenants are ready to move out if he's not evicted." It's no trouble for Bennett to get around when the weather is good, but as soon as the snow starts to fly he says he worries he'll get into an accident. (Robert Guertin/CBC) Sharon Anderson, the building's superintendent, testified in small claims court that four sets of tenants had lived in the unit above Bennett and the couple living there now are considering moving. There have also been complaints from tenants living above and below Bennett, according to Anderson. She said she tried to accommodate Bennett by offering to move him to a different unit on the ground floor. But he refused her offer. There were also complaints that Bennett could be rude when confronted about his cannabis use and once swore at a neighbour. Bennett admits he sometimes has trouble controlling his temper, partially due to his medical condition. He said it is aggravated when his adrenaline kicks in. "Put it this way, if you approached me in a negative manner, in any kind of an aspect at all, OK, I'm going to become negative with you," he said. At times even talking about his situation can cause Bennett to become agitated and raise his voice. Bennett says his disorder makes his hands so unco-ordinated he has to use a tool to help him roll a joint. (David Burke/CBC) Regardless of any of that, Bennett still needs a place to live. "I think Mr. Bennett's situation is heartbreaking, quite frankly," said Wohler. "Someone who needs to use or inhale medical cannabis to treat their disability should not be made homeless as a result of it. "There needs to be some legislation or decision that recognizes that perhaps that landlords aren't the best people positioned to tell tenants the best way to treat their own medical conditions," she said. Wohler is examining Bennett's legal options and is in the process of gathering "fresh evidence." She doesn't know if anything will come together before Bennett has to leave his apartment at the end of the month. "The funny thing about this story that I don't understand is the government comes out and says, 'You're approved, you have a licence, you can smoke it, you can vape it, you're OK with us, no problem.' Now the tenancy board turns around and says, 'Nope, you can't do that here,'" said Bennett.
  14. https://lfpress.com/news/local-news/londons-newest-marijuana-shop-bringing-high-end-feel-to-pot-buying Buying cannabis can be confusing and intimidating, but it doesn’t have to be. J. London on Richmond Row, the second marijuana retail store to open in London, was designed to ensure customer experience is the top priority, says the team behind the store. From the moment customers enter the outlet’s age-gating area – where staff ensures everyone who enters is 19 or older – the experience begins. Customers are handed a “newspaper,” a four-page handout that includes information on how to use the store’s tablet system to browse products and make orders, basic facts on cannabis and its effects, and a detailed menu of the outlet’s many offerings. Staff at J. London on Richmond Row get ready Monday for their opening day, on Wednesday. (Mike Hensen/The London Free Press) Once inside J. London’s 185-square-metre retail area, trendy music fills the air and a projector plays a custom-designed video on a large white wall. STORY CONTINUES BELOW Shelves stocked with glass jars filled with cannabis – each outfitted with a special lid that allows customers to smell the product – line one side of the store. Another wall showcases bongs and pipes from Nish Glass, a high-end glassblowing company. “We’re creating a user experience that is unique and totally focused on the customer,” said David Craig, a consultant hired by store owner Ranjit Basra. Basra was one of 25 winners selected through a lottery system by the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO), the province’s pot regulator, to open one of the first cannabis retail shops. View image on Twitter Dale Carruthers ✔@DaleatLFPress Second #LdnOnt #cannabis retail store to open on Wednesday, bringing a customer-focused approach to buying pot http://ow.ly/BdmJ30ontSV 7 5:12 PM - Apr 9, 2019 See Dale Carruthers's other Tweets Twitter Ads info and privacy “I figured somebody’s got to win,” Basra said of throwing his name in the lottery that drew nearly 17,000 expressions of interest. Basra, a Cambridge resident, said he decided to set up shop in London because of its strategic location along Highway 401 and the city’s accepting attitude towards cannabis retailers. London politicians voted 13-1 to allow the brick-and-mortar stores last year, while many communities across the province opted to ban to the businesses. London landed three of the province’s first 25 cannabis retail stores – the same number as Ottawa and just two fewer than Toronto. J. London’s anticipated Wednesday opening – a soft launch for family and friends was planned for Tuesday night – brings the number of stores operating in the city to two. Central Cannabis on Wonderland Road and Oxford Street opened last Monday, while Tweed on Wellington Road, near White Oaks Mall, is expected to open later this month. “It feels like we’re a part of history,” Basra said of being among the first to open. The AGCO said stores that weren’t open by the April 1 deadline would forfeit $12,500 from a letter of credit submitted to the regulator as part of the application process. Only 10 stores were able to open on time. J. London is in talks with the province and hasn’t yet been penalized for missing the deadline, Craig said. Located at 691 Richmond St., the store is situated beside the now-shuttered London Relief Centre, an illegal dispensary that closed in December following repeated police raids. J. London has a staff of 25, including a handful of employees who previously worked at various Southwestern Ontario pot producers, Craig said. “Our team has decades of experience in the cannabis industry,” he said.
  15. https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/cannabis-canada-daily-black-market-accounts-for-nearly-80-of-pot-spending-1.1222534 Canadian cannabis spending nearly $6B despite black market stranglehold: StatsCan Pot is quickly becoming a significant part of the Canadian economy, according to Statistics Canada. The country’s national statistics agency said Friday that annualized Canadian household spending on cannabis totalled $5.9 billion in the fourth quarter. The black market accounted for $4.7 billion of that figure – or nearly 80 per cent – while the legal market is estimated at $1.2 billion. StatsCan added that cannabis accounted for 0.5 per cent of total household spending in the fourth quarter, while non-medical cannabis accounted for 11.2 per cent of Canadian household spending on alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. The black market accounts for about 71 per cent of recreational cannabis sales this year, but will fall to 37 per cent in 2020, according to a recent report from the Bank of Nova Scotia. Pot producers prepare for outdoor cannabis boom to meet edibles demand Outdoor cannabis could be the next big Canadian agricultural crop as dozens of pot firms applied to produce cannabis in farm fields across the country. Health Canada received 172 site applications as of Jan. 31 from licensed cannabis producers who intend to use an outdoor area for cultivation or other purposes, including for destruction or composting. At this time, no companies have been authorized to grow cannabis in an outdoor area, Health Canada said. The application count comes as 48North Cannabis Corp. secured what is believed to be the first supply deal for outdoor cannabis when it committed 1,200 kilograms to Quebec from its farm in Brant County, Ont. by the end of the year. Other major cannabis producers making outdoor cannabis plans include Aleafia Health and CannTrust, as the firms prepare for anticipated demand in the upcoming pot-infused edibles market. Canopy Growth partners with NHL Alumni on medical study investigating if CBD could help mitigate opioid addition Canopy Growth is partnering with the NHL Alumni Association to finance one or more studies on whether cannabinoids might help to wean former players off of addictive opioids, according to TSN’s Rick Westhead. The medical study, conducted in a double-blind randomized method, will involve about 100 former players in the Toronto area and could be an important step towards establishing the first comprehensive snapshot of the health of retired hockey players. Of the 100 players anticipated to participate in the study, 20 would be given a placebo and 80 would receive CBD pills to be taken twice daily over 10 weeks. The study is scheduled to take a year to produce reportable results. Village Farms books joint venture for U.S. hemp and CBD extraction plans Village Farms International announced Friday it formed a joint venture with Georgia-based Nature Crisp, a privately-owned farming operation, for the outdoor cultivation of high-cannabidiol hemp and CBD extraction in multiple states throughout the United States. The joint venture will be called Village Fields Hemp with Village Farms owning a 65 per cent stake, while Nature Crisp will control the remaining 35 per cent. While the joint venture is still determining locations to establish its hemp cultivation and CBD-extraction operations, it expects to have 500 to 1,000 acres in production in 2019. Great-West expands medical cannabis coverage, includes Shoppers agreement Great-West Life said it is expanding its coverage of medical cannabis, including a new agreement with Shoppers Drug Mart to deliver medical-grade cannabis to patients. Great-West, which has offered medical cannabis coverage through healthcare spending accounts since 2009, now includes medical cannabis under its pay-direct drug plan, which represents the vast majority of all of the insurers’ drug plans. That means that patients with a valid medical subscription can now be immediately reimbursed for their cannabis prescriptions. DAILY BUZZ $6.87 – The price of a gram of cannabis in Canada, up 5.6 per cent from the prior week, according to the Cannabis Benchmark’s Cannabis Spot Index. This comes after edging down to the $6 per gram mark only two weeks ago and equates to US$2,363 per pound at current exchange rates.
  16. https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/man-suffers-heart-attack-after-13982134 An 70-year-old man nearly died after sucking a cannabis lollipop so potent it gave him a heart attack. Doctors say the lolly was laced with more than 12 times as much THC, the active ingredient that makes users high, than is found in a single spliff. The elderly patient began having frightening hallucinations that sent his blood pressure soaring - and led to a spike in stress hormones. These ended up triggering a myocardial ischaemia - a particularly painful form of cardiac arrest caused by lack of blood flow to the heart. The patient had already been diagnosed with hardening of the arteries, or coronary artery disease. He ate the controversial sweet to relieve a bout of chest pain. Dr Alexandra Saunders, a cardiologist at Dalhousie University in Canada, said: "Marijuana can be a useful tool for many patients, especially for pain and nausea relief. "At the same time, like all other medications, it does carry risk and side effects. "In a recent case, inappropriate dosing and oral consumption of marijuana by an older patient with stable cardiovascular disease resulted in distress that caused a cardiac event and subsequent reduced cardiac function." After licking the lolly (stock photo), the man suffered a cardiac arrest (Image: Getty Images) READ MORE Men who smoke cannabis have HIGHER sperm counts and scientists have no idea why In October, Canada became the second country in the world to legalise recreational cannabis, following the US. Some forms of the drug have been legalised for medical reasons in the UK, but recreational use is prohibited. But lollies containing super-strength cannabis have been found being sold to kids online. The mind bending sweets, named THC suckers after the active ingredient in weed, are shipped to the UK from Amsterdam. Dr Saunders said: "Potent marijuana edibles can pose a major unrecognised risk to patients with cardiovascular disease. "With widespread legalisation and increasing use more care, education and research is needed about how each marijuana formulation may affect and sometimes compromise the cardiovascular system of our ageing population." The case report, described in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology, said the man had been taking the appropriate heart medications when he ate most of the lollipop. It was infused with 90mg of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) to relieve pain and aid sleep - causing a "potentially-serious heart attack," said Dr Saunders. This is a much larger dose than the 7mg that is typically ingested by smoking a joint or the 2.5mg in dronabinol (Marinol). This is a synthetic THC drug marketed for nausea and appetite stimulation in AIDS and cancer patients. Dr Saunders said: "He presented with crushing chest pain after consuming most of a marijuana lollipop. The whole lollipop contained 90 mg of THC, so an estimated 70 mg was consumed. "Within 30 minutes the patient described fearful hallucinations, during which he called a family member because he 'felt like he was dying.'" While doctors say cannabis does have some benefits, they say this case also highlights the risks (Image: ADAM GERRARD) READ MORE You can now get cannabis oil lip balm that apparently cures dry lips He was rushed to the emergency department at St John Regional Hospital. The man had smoked pot in his youth. But he had not done so since the THC content had increased dramatically from three to 12 per cent. He was also not familiar with the time-delayed and extended effect of oral THC dosing. Dr Saunders said: "The patient's cardiac event was likely triggered by unexpected strain on his body from anxiety and fearful hallucinations caused by the unusually large amount of THC he ingested." His sympathetic nervous system was stimulated causing a rapid heart beat, hypertension and stress hormone) release. Dr Saunders said: "After the psychotropic effects of the drug wore off, and his hallucinations ended, his chest pain stopped." A number of prior case reports, as well as epidemiological studies, have linked cannabis with strokes, heart attacks and abnormal heart rhythms. Dr Robert Stevenson, of the department of cardiology at the Canadian government's Horizon Health Network in Saint John, added: "Most previous research on marijuana-induced myocardial ischemia focused mostly on younger patients and did not focus on its different formulations and potencies. "As a result of widespread marijuana legalisation, healthcare providers need to understand and manage cannabis use and its complications in older patients, particularly in those with cardiovascular disease." An accompanying editorial said a stroke or heart attack could be caused by the consumption of chemicals, or indirect effects such as acute anxiety, hallucinations or psychosis. Individuals not used to taking mind-altering drugs can become highly distressed by impaired cognition and feelings of loss of control produced by THC. The editorial's author Professor Neal Benowitz, of the Centre for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco, added: "The legalisation of cannabis has considerable public support but also raises public health concerns. "Some users may benefit from the social and medical effects, but others will be at risk for adverse health outcomes. "Little information has been disseminated to patients or healthcare providers about cannabis use in older patients, and in particular those with cardiovascular disease. "For better or worse, providing advice and care to such patients who are using cannabis is now necessary for the provision of optimal medical care to these patients."
  17. https://www.rxleaf.com/human-clinical-trials-for-cannabis-and-cancer-is-happening/?fbclid=IwAR1qIalVrfebmbDjOYu5T8XiFijlY6P3Hy5C8HyO-j88ieMKtQV_dJyk_ZE BC Cancer is conducting the first ever human trial on the relationship of cannabis and cancer, in the treatment of cancer symptoms. Patient testimonies about the curative powers of cannabis in fighting cancer are all over the Internet. The stories are too numerous and personal to be ignored or disregarded as simple hysteria/placebo. Equally numerous are the accounts of cannabis helping patients sale through chemo and radiation by effectively treating nausea, vomiting, and cancer pain. Unfortunately, research into cannabis and cancer has lagged for years and we don’t have the science to back up these personal stories. And doctors hesitate to prescribe anything that isn’t thoroughly tested and in possession of a solid safety profile. B.C. Cancer, in British Columbia, Canada is rising to meet the challenge. This research group will conduct the first ever national clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of cannabis extracts in treating cancer associated symptoms. Dr. Pippa Hawley, a palliative care specialist and medical director at B.C. Cancer, is set to spearhead the clinical trial. According to Dr. Pippa, this study will confirm anecdotal evidence and pave way for the creation of cannabis guidelines that patients and healthcare professionals can use. She has previously been involved in prescribing cannabis oil for her palliative patients. Anonymous donors have funded the study to a total of $1 million. Whistler Medical Marijuana Corp. will donate the cannabis. Active data collection will occur over 48 days, split into three cycles. Participants will number 150 and be drawn from the following geographic areas: Vancouver, Abbotsford, Prince George, Victoria, Calgary, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Kingston and Toronto. How Can You Get Involved in This Study? Only cancer patients that meet specific criteria are eligible to apply. People who exhibit unstable cancer growth or those whom are engaged in intensive treatment are excluded. Recruitment is set to take place at the beginning of 2019. Data collection will conclude by the end of the year. We should expect to see the results published in a reputable medical journal by June of 2020. Cannabis and Cancer: Ratios and Placebo Three types of cannabis oil are to be compared against a placebo, for this study. The aim is to establish how the different ratios perform in the alleviation of cancer-related symptoms. The cannabis extracts used will be as follows: High THC and Low CBD Low THC and high CBD Equal amounts of THC and CBD (1:1) Placebo In the first cycle, each participant will take drops from one of four unlabeled oil vials for four days. Initial dosing will be three drops in the morning and an additional one to three drops every four hours (depending on mass). Participants will then titrate the dosage according to the symptom alleviation (using a scale) and tolerable side effects from the cannabis. The symptoms considered include: nausea, vomiting, pain, anxiety and sleep disturbance. The Edmonton System Assessment Scale (ESAS-R) and the Patient Global Impression of Change Scale (PGIC) will be used to rank the symptoms. Patients will repeat the process for three cycles in total, which gives each vial 12 days of testing. First Dosing Information For Cannabis and Cancer Results from this study will serve to confirm anecdotal evidence on the effectiveness of cannabis in treating cancer-related symptoms. Just as importantly, oncologists will have dosage information for prescribing cannabis to their cancer patients. Dr. Pippa believes that the study will reveal the superior ratio in treating cancer related symptoms: high THC, high CBD, or 1:1. She was quick to add that, “While the results of this study will allow us to identify which symptoms respond to which types of cannabinoids, additional research will be needed to understand with more precision the most effective dosage required for each symptom, depending on their severity.” Leaving Out The Sickest Patients While the study only includes cancer-stable patients, it can be assumed that sicker patients that are undergoing intense treatment will respond to cannabis in a similar way. Dr. Pippa is confident that the results of this study can be extrapolated to the larger population of cancer patients. This is big! We hope that this study will pave way for even larger human trials so that the use of cannabis oil in treating cancer symptoms can be streamlined and made available for all patients across Canada.
  18. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-21/canopy-growth-joins-u-k-cannabis-researcher-in-medical-venture Canopy Growth Corp. has joined forces with a U.K. researcher of cannabis-based therapies after the British government moved to liberalize the use of medical marijuana. The new company, formed with Beckley Canopy Therapeutics Ltd., aims to make products available in Britain from early this year. The government made it legal for specialist doctors to prescribe medical marijuana for patients with severe clinical need in November. “We are witnessing the birth of the U.K. medical cannabis industry, an industry borne out of the unmet clinical needs of patients across the country,” said Marc Wayne, co-managing director of the venture, called Spectrum Biomedical U.K. The partnership “is testament to the importance of the opportunity to help patients access the medicine here in the U.K.,” he added in a statement. The venture was created after Canopy, a Canadian giant of the cannabis industry, conducted clinical trials of marijuana-based drugs in the U.K. last year. The company and its investors said they put 7.4 million pounds ($9.5 million) into testing products for treatment of pain and opioid dependence.
  19. [Worth viewing the images direct from the link as they won't display underneath, sorry ] https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/federal-territorial-government-cannabis-education-1.4984607 N.W.T. government released 4 comics, including Stoned Cold and Doobie or not Doobie? The government of the Northwest Territories is hoping Creepy Baby and Stoney the Inukshuk will help educate northerners about cannabis. The territorial government released four animated posters equipped with augmented reality as part of a cannabis education campaign it funded alongside the federal government. It announced the launch of the campaign with the federal government Friday at the public library in Yellowknife. MP Michael McLeod announced that over the next three years, the federal government would be investing $1.8 million into the territory's cannabis education. It's been working on the augmented reality posters for about two years. By pointing a phone or tablet at the poster while using the app, people can see an animated version of the comic on their phone. (Jamie Malbeuf/CBC) How does it work? By pointing a phone or tablet at the poster while using the app, people can see an animated version of the comic on their phone. The animation comes with dialogue and one of the videos was voiced by CBC's Trail's End host Lawrence Nayally. In the comic Homegrown, a man and a pregnant woman are considering smoking cannabis when the northern lights interject. "Hold it right there kids!" exclaim the northern lights. "Cannabis may be legal, but that doesn't mean it's safe for pregnant women." The northern lights continue to tell the pregnant woman that smoking cannabis while pregnant can result in passing THC to the baby. The territorial government released 4 comics to teach residents about cannabis use. In the comic Homegrown, the comic discusses the use of cannabis while pregnant. (Government of the Northwest Territories) The woman questions the northern lights: "What if I get morning sickness? I hear smoking medical marijuana can cure that." But the lights tell her it's not safe and she should contact her community health nurse or doctor for help. Raven Mutford, 15, was at the library during the announcement Friday. She was curious and decided to take a look at the posters. She said her favourite was Homegrown, because the aurora turns into a fetus and says, "Hi, I'm your unborn baby." "It was creepy, kind of funny, and it was really cool," said Mutford. She said the posters were a good idea because they will pique people's interest. Raven Mutford, 15, tried the app while at the library. She says Creepy Baby is her favourite poster. (Jamie Malbeuf/CBC)Artists says 'it took a lot of digging' Cody Fennell is the artist behind the comics. He said while he was working on the project, the script changed a lot. "It took a lot of digging to get stuff that everyone was confident printing." Now that the app is set up, the territorial government has the capacity to go back and add information and make changes. So it can be updated as more information is gathered. Some of the other topics explored in the posters include using cannabis at a young age, smoking in moderation, and smoking and driving. The next phase of the campaign will be a magazine with the comics inside. Health Minister Glen Abernethy said the posters "may not resonate with everybody." "That's why the second phase is so important," he said. The territorial government will schedule visits to all 33 communities. It will tailor its education plans for each community, which could include things like theatre productions.
  20. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/cannabis-grow-pods-winnipeg-1.4975464 'Some assembly required': Cannabis grow pods turn into new business opportunity for Winnipeg company Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn Email Pods made from renovated shipping containers being sold to producers around the country as turnkey solution Austin Grabish · CBC News · Posted: Jan 14, 2019 5:00 AM CT | Last Updated: 3 hours ago Delta 9 Cannabis CEO John Arbuthnot in his company's pod construction facility. Delta 9 is turning shipping containers into grow pods that are now being sold to smaller producers. (Lyzaville Sale/CBC) 0 comments About six months ago, Delta 9 Cannabis CEO John Arbuthnot was busy getting ready for the looming legalization of cannabis. There was the behind-the-scenes planning for his company's first retail pot store, the creation of supply agreements with other cannabis sellers, and then the expansion of Delta 9's secure growing facility in east Winnipeg. Then Arbuthnot got a call about another business opportunity. A cannabis producer had seen a news story about Delta 9, and wanted to know if the Winnipeg company would sell its grow pods to help build out the first phase of the producer's facility. "Really? You know, a little bit disbelief," Arbuthnot remembers thinking. Delta 9 plans to have 600 of the pods stacked inside its own production facility by the end of 2019. (Lyzaville Sale/CBC) The pods are essentially renovated shipping containers that are turned into highly controlled cannabis growing spaces. Each pod can produce roughly 32.5 kilograms of cannabis per year — valued at somewhere between $300,000 and $400,000 at current retail prices. Delta 9 uses them to grow all of its product, and now sells the pods as a turnkey solution for producers who want an efficient way to grow, while reducing the risk of crop failure. CBC News Manitoba Pot pods a smarter way to grow: Delta 9 WATCH 00:00 02:23 A Winnipeg cannabis company is making pot grow pods out of shipping containers and has started selling the pods to other producers. 2:23 "We've already heard horror stories from the rest of the industry on some major crop losses at big open greenhouse facilities," Arbuthnot said. "With the pod system, all of that risk is compartmentalized. If there is a risk of contamination, it's contained within one area and that risk is mitigated." The pods are all about quality control, he says. They prevent air flow from one room to another and Delta 9 says if there is a problem with a crop — like plant disease, pests or fungus — because it's contained, they can destroy it, sterilize the pod and only lose about $10,000 in product. That's significantly less than the millions in losses a crop problem could cost a producer who grows in a large open room. Cannabis grows inside a pod at Delta 9's secure facility in east Winnipeg. (Lyzaville Sale/CBC) "From a risk mitigation standpoint it's a very attractive production model," Arbuthnot said noting his company has patents pending for the grow pods in both the U.S. and Canada. Sign of growth, says cannabis council The stackable pods have turned into a major source of revenue for Delta 9. The company has sold them to producers in Brantford, Ont., and out west in Victoria. Once they're built by the 35 different tradespeople at Delta 9's construction facility, they are delivered by truck almost ready to use. "There is some assembly required. It's not quite as bad as Ikea," Arbuthnot laughed. The grow pods start out as shipping containers. They are renovated and given customized wall panels and hospital-grade vinyl flooring. (Lyzaville Sale/CBC) Delta 9's grow pods are just one example of how cannabis companies are using innovation to get product to market, said Allan Rewak, executive director of the Cannabis Council of Canada, the national organization for Canada's licensed producers. "It really showcases, I think, the incredible excitement, creativity and growth we're seeing in Canada's cannabis economy." He said the pods give budding new producers the chance to learn from, and build on, the experience of established growers. There are other turnkey solutions being used across the country, he said, including smaller options for micro cultivation and larger ones for full-scale production. There are 35 different tradespeople at Delta 9’s construction facility working just on grow pods. The company expects them to be employed for years to come as it tries to keep up with demand. (Lyzaville Sale/CBC) He points to producer Green Relief, which has a facility near Hamilton that's using fish to help grow cannabis through aquaponics, as an example of growing creativity in the industry. "There is so much diversity in terms of production and so much variability, it's hard to point to one specific example," Rewak said. "Instead, I would point to the entirety of the industry and see what we're doing." 'The globe has eyes on us' Canopy Growth, which has cannabis production sites in seven provinces across Canada, is using large greenhouse facilities for mass production. The company said its innovation comes in the design of the room, and it has learned a lot since it started growing in 2014. Flowering marijuana plants are seen at the Canopy Growth Corporation facility in Smiths Falls, Ont., in this Jan. 4, 2018, file photo. Canopy says its greenhouse model is economically attractive and environmentally sustainable. (Chris Wattie/Reuters) "You can get the cost per gram lower in a greenhouse and there's less environmental impact to using the power of the sun with supplemental lighting," said Jordan Sinclair, Canopy's vice-president of communications. "And our greenhouses have rain recapture, so it's a bit of a more economically attractive model but it's also a much more sustainable model." Delta plans to have 600 of its pods stacked inside its own facility by the end of 2019, bringing its production of cannabis to about 17,500 kilograms — roughly $175 million worth at current retail prices. And Arbuthnot isn't stopping there — he has his eyes on potential international sales as markets open up for cannabis cultivation globally "We're fortunate here in Canada that a lot of the rest of the globe has eyes on us to see just what we're doing that's that's working in the cannabis space. I think it's an incredible opportunity."
  21. Councillors suggests cutting cannabis legalization costs to reduce property tax increase for 2019 EDMONTON—Councillors say legalization was not as problematic as they expected it to be, which is why they suggest cutting down on related costs in an effort to bring down the property tax increase. At the operating budget deliberations on Monday, councillors are looking into ways of reducing the property tax increase and one suggestion is reducing police and bylaw enforcement costs for cannabis legalization. “You know it’s a little bit like Y2K. Everybody imagined crisis coming when cannabis got legalized. I don’t think that’s happened,” said Councillor Ben Henderson on Monday. Currently it costs between $5 to $6 million a year to have additional police and bylaw officers patrolling streets to enforce the smoking bylaw, which prohibits people from smoking within 10 metres of buildings and bus stops. The 2019-2022, $4.3 billion capital budget proved to be a tight one, leaving no wiggle room for councillors to fund a number of projects. The operating budget proposes a property tax increase of 3.3 per cent for the next year to cover costs of Valley Line LRT, cannabis legalization and Edmonton Police. Councillor Ben Henderson said before legalization they expected a crisis, which is why they increased bylaw enforcement and looked into hiring more police officers, but says that’s not what happened. “You know it’s a little bit like Y2K. Everybody imagined crisis coming when cannabis got legalized. I don’t think that’s happened,” he said. “I have never been convinced that cannabis usage is going to go up particularly. That, all the kinds of problems we have had with people driving stoned have always existed and I’ve always been really puzzled as to why we needed this big increase.” He said some of the problems that he noticed, especially on rounds with beat cops on Whyte Ave., were not with cannabis smokers but with cigarette smokers. “That’s who was way more belligerent than any of the people smoking cannabis,” he said. City administration noted that a lot of the issues they expected are not surfacing yet because supply has run out. “Because of the reduction of supply and moratorium on licensing, it is not as busy,” said City Manager Linda Cochrane, adding that they will need this level of enforcement once supplies are replenished. But Henderson said he is not “naive” to think that just because it’s not available legally, doesn’t mean people aren’t getting it from other sources. “I’m not sure I take that as an argument for why it’s going to get worse. I don’t think you would see a huge increase in usership because of this,” he said. Henderson said the one area of cannabis legalization that did need funding was the planning for it, which proved to be expensive . “We spend a fair bit of money already for the planning, for the zoning, for the permitting,” he said. “We are going to have to do another round of that with edibles coming.” The motion put forward by Mayor Don Iveson was to reduce funding for legalization by $5.5 million for the year 2019. If passed, this will help bring down the property tax number, which Iveson says will already be lower since EPCOR has suggested an increase for dividend it pays to the city. https://www.thestar.com/edmonton/2018/12/03/councillors-suggests-cutting-cannabis-legalization-costs-to-reduce-property-tax-increase-for-2019.html
  22. One cannabis sugar in your coffee or two? The day may not be that far off Canadians will probably never be allowed to smoke pot in a restaurant, but they may soon be sweetening their coffee with THC-infused sugar, a cannabis business conference was told Friday. The future of the marijuana market is not in traditional dried flower, said Niel Marotta, CEO of Indiva, a cannabis grower in London, Ont. Like many in the industry, Marotta is looking ahead to an explosion in the types of cannabis products that will be for sale sometime in the next year. The federal government legalized recreational marijuana on Oct. 17, but only dried bud, oil and seeds are available now. Health Canada has one year to regulate edible cannabis products and concentrates such as the oil used in vape pens. For companies, the race is on to develop new products. Companies are trying to figure out what customers will want while waiting for the federal government to tell them what will be allowed. Indiva has a licensing deal with Rudy Edibles, a company that makes cannabis-infused sugar and salt. Neil Marotta, CEO of Indiva, was at an industry luncheon ahead of the Cannabis & Hemp Expo at the Shaw Centre. Julie Oliver/Postmedia Julie Oliver / Postmedia Many people who don’t want to smoke cannabis might try it in other forms, Marotta told about 120 people at a business conference held in conjunction with the Cannabis & Hemp Expo at the Shaw Centre this weekend. “Asking grandma to put it in a pipe and smoke it is a big ask,” Marotta said. But his own mother can’t wait to try the cannabis sugar, he said. “She can’t stop asking me when it’s coming.” Like many others, his mom is curious about cannabis, Marotta said in an interview. “There is zero possibility that she’ll ever be a smoker, and I don’t think she’d ever vape, but sugar in her tea or salt on her fries…” The sugar comes in varieties infused with THC, the psychoactive chemical that causes the high, and CBD, a chemical with medical benefits. Marotta says he doubts if anti-smoking laws will ever be relaxed to allow pot smoking in bars, restaurants and other public indoor spaces. “But if you want to put some sugar in your coffee, that is not offensive to anybody.” Indiva also has a joint venture with Bhang, a U.S. manufacturer of cannabis chocolates and vape pens. Indivia has the right to produce and sell products under that brand. Indiva also has a joint venture with Bhang, a U.S. manufacturer of cannabis chocolates and vape pens. Other Canadian cannabis companies are making similar deals to add brands that are well known in U.S. states that have legalized pot. Ottawa-based Auxly Cannabis Group, for example, has a licensing deal with Dixie Brands, a Colorado producer of cannabis drinks, chocolates and candies. Ottawa-based Auxly Cannabis Group has a licensing deal with Dixie Brands, a Colorado producer of cannabis drinks, chocolates and candies. Auxly CEO Chuck Rifici told the conference that Health Canada would have to allow the sale of products already available on the black market, such as hash and shatter, if it hoped to combat illegal sales. Health Canada officials say they hope to release draft regulations on edibles and concentrates by the end of the year. In the meantime, companies are dreaming up new products, from beverages to lotions. It’s an exciting time, said Ottawa lawyer Trina Fraser, who advises cannabis companies and is an expert on the regulatory process. “The sky’s the limit,” at least until the regulations arrive, Fraser said. “Everybody is out there innovating in the absence of regulations.” https://ottawasun.com/cannabis/cannabis-business/care-for-cannabis-sugar-in-your-coffee-stand-by-company-ceo-says/wcm/6c766efa-8405-490b-b4cb-dc6c3205068b
  23. How Does Law Enforcement Know Your Cannabis Is Legal? Keep Your Receipt Suppose you are walking through town and are stopped by the police. For whatever reason, you consent to a search. Among the items they find is a small amount of legally obtained cannabis. One of the cops asks you for a receipt from the cannabis store or some other proof that the cannabis in your possession was actually obtained legally. You can’t remember where your receipt is, maybe you threw it away. So, the cops charge you with possession and you’re looking at up to six months less a day behind bars and up to a $5,000 fine. Can’t happen here, right? But it has. Just before two in the morning on October 22, a pair of Quebec City police officers spotted a car turning from Robert Bourassa Boulevard onto Laurier Boulevard without its lights on. Suspecting the driver to be impaired, the police pulled the car over. The 40-year-old driver—a man from nearby Lévis whose name has not been released—was given a roadside coordination test and searched. He was charged with a number of offenses and his car was seized. One of those charges stemmed from the man’s inability to produce proof that the cannabis in his possession was obtained legally. The amount the suspect had, it should be noted, was in excess of Quebec’s 30-gram limit. While it might seem excessive, it is the law. According to the Quebec Cannabis Act: “in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, the transportation of cannabis without a bill of lading indicating the names and addresses of the shipper and the receiver constitutes proof that it is intended for delivery in Québec”—which police forces are interpreting as meaning if you don’t have documentation from the Société Québécoise du cannabis (SQDC), your cannabis is illegal. Yeah, they mean it. “So that people do not have to worry,” said Étienne Doyon, public relations officer for the Service de police de la Ville de Quebec (SPVQ), “keep either proof of purchase or the original packaging.” Still, police and lawyers tell Leafly that it would be nearly impossible to make such a charge stand up in court. The fact is that cannabis looks like cannabis and smells like cannabis, and it’s hard to determine exactly which cannabis came from where. “With the eye, we can’t distinguish (legal cannabis from illegal),” said Claude Rouillard, a neuropharmacology professor at Université Laval. “A casserole is a casserole.” Indeed, legal experts scoff at the idea that law enforcement officers can tell the difference between legal and illegal cannabis. “The police certainly can’t taste it,” said Montreal criminal attorney Alexandra Longueville. Rouillard did, however, note that it would be possible to determine if the cannabis in question is one of the strains carried by the SQDC, but it would require intricate laboratory testing at great cost. While Quebec has the harshest cannabis laws in Canada, it also has a long history of avoiding or abandoning very expensive court cases, as when 36 Hells Angels facing hundreds of charges were allowed to walk in 2015. The idea that the crown would send a small amount of cannabis to be forensically analyzed to determine its origin in order to lay a simple possession charge is simply not very likely. However, police appear to be eager to charge people who give even the slightest indication that their cannabis was not legally obtained. “Police officers will arrest people in possession of illegal cannabis if, by facts, by observations or by any information collected, they have established reasonable grounds to believe that it is illegal cannabis,” said Doyon. Since legalization is still in its infancy, confusion over the laws and their enforcement is overwhelming. Longueville called the current environment “vague.” Issues such as the transfer of legal cannabis from one adult to another—like a gift—have not been broached. https://www.leafly.com/news/politics/law-enforcement-legal-cannabis-canada
  24. No 'reefer madness' following legalization in Kamloops Fears of increased crime and bylaw complaints in Kamloops following the legalization of cannabis appear to have been put to rest. Kamloops Mayor Ken Christian questioned the RCMP detachment's superintendent about any increases in crime since cannabis was legalized on Oct. 17, and the first government-run dispensary in the province opened in Kamloops. "There was speculation that crime would be rampant and that we were going to have reefer madness in Kamloops," Christian said to the city's Officer in Charge at a Community Safety Meeting on Oct. 29. "Has there been any noticeable increase in crimes, in relation to recreational cannabis?" Kamloops RCMP Supt. Syd Lecky answered with a firm 'No', and explained to reporters following the meeting that not much has changed within the city or the detachment since legalization. "We knew what was coming, we've had processes in place to address impaired driving whether it be by alcohol or by drugs. It really was almost a seamless transition for us," said Lecky. "Initially, there was people smoking in public and that sort of thing but until the bylaws are in place and whatever processes, (there's) really not much of a concern for us." There are still illegal marijuana dispensaries operating in the city, although Lecky wouldn't confirm how many were still up and running. He said the detachment is taking a slightly relaxed approach to these businesses, but reiterated that RCMP would act if complaints were made. "We'll wait to... take our lead from the provincial agency that's going to be looking after that, but once they've done their part — I'm not going to say we'll never react, but we'll react as needed and when needed, and we'll take our lead in part from what's happening elsewhere," Lecky said. "There's community interest, there's our mayor and council, and our own intelligence too. So it all depends on what's happening. Not everyone's playing by the right rules, either." https://www.cfjctoday.com/article/642431/no-reefer-madness-following-legalization-kamloops
  25. 'Shameful': Cannabis customers floored by the amount of plastic packing on their pot Some cannabis customers are calling for less plastic and a recycling program For every gram of cannabis sold there can be as much as 70 grams of packaging waste, according to some of Canada's first cannabis customers. The amount of plastic, cardboard, foil and wrap that's being used to package and market cannabis seems excessive to many. "It's really shameful," said Remi Robichaud of Moncton. "Being a coastal province, they should do something about the amount of plastic that goes into our ocean." Robichaud says a friend of his used a food scale to compare the weight of a gram of cannabis purchased at Cannabis NB to the 70 grams worth of plastic, foil, and packaging that it came in. "Seeing the amount of plastic being used for such small quantities, it's really shameful." Greg Mac's YouTube Channel "Greg Mac Reviews Whatever" criticises the amount of packaging used to distribute a single gram of cannabis calling it "ridiculous." (YouTube)In Nova Scotia the issue is similar according to Greg Mac who purchased his cannabis from an NSLC store. "I think the packaging is pretty excessive," said Mac. "Look at what comes with one gram of weed — you've got a cardboard box that comes in a bottle. That bottle is sealed with more plastic. And you open it up and see how much weed actually comes in the bottle and you think "Wow, there's a lot that's going on there." Mac purchased four grams of cannabis then shared a photo online of the excess plastic bottles, wrappings and cardboard that was used to package it. That photo was shared hundreds of times resulting in many voicing their displeasure with what they consider to be excessive plastic packaging. "I've been buying from medical dispensaries for two years now," said Mac. "And all I ever get is Ziploc bags of different variations. And that's always been pretty good for me." Packaging mandate On its website Health Canada mandates that cannabis "be packaged in an immediate container that is tamper-evident, child-resistant, prevents contamination and keeps cannabis dry." It also states that "regulations would require that the immediate container be opaque or translucent. Products could have both an inner and outer package, but every package would need to be labelled in accordance with the proposed requirements." Cannabis NB to make website 'adjustments' after feds find it breaks ad laws It also states that each order of cannabis include an informational document developed by Health Canada that includes health and safety information. Cannabis packing is mandated by Health Canada and must be "tamper-evident, child-resistant, prevents contamination and keeps cannabis dry." (CBC News)Robichaud argues cannabis packaging could be made of glass, instead of plastic, and reused, similar to how craft beer producers use "growlers, "or glass jugs that can be refilled with beer. Mac agrees and says being able to bring back enough plastic bottles for a discount of their next purchase would be smart in an age where companies and governments around the world have pledged to reduce their own plastic waste and even ban the plastic straw. "It'll give somebody an incentive and is the smart way to go about it," said Mac. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/cannabis-packaging-excess-1.4870682 pix on link