Welcome to UK420

Register now to gain access to all of our features. Once registered and logged in, you will be able to contribute to this site by submitting your own content or replying to existing content. You'll be able to customize your profile, receive reputation points as a reward for submitting content, while also communicating with other members via your own private inbox, plus much more!

This message will be removed once you have signed in.

Search the Community: Showing results for tags 'can'.

More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


  • Welcome to UK420
    • New Members
  • Cultivation
    • Strain Base
    • Breeders Help Desks
    • Compost and Pots
    • Hydroponics
    • Outdoor Growing
    • Propagation, Cloning and Mother Plants
    • Auto Flowering
    • Growroom Design
    • Problem Solver
    • Harvesting and Processing
    • Grow Diaries
    • Cream Of The Crop
  • Cannabis Culture
    • News, Views and Politics
    • Medicinal Cannabis
    • Smokers Lounge
    • Uk420 Competitions
  • Sponsor Support
    • Intense Nutrients
    • Vapefiend - The Vaporizer Specialists
    • DIY LED UK
    • Gro-zone Hydro


  • Community Calendar

Found 96 results

  1. Hi Lower than expected cannabis-related offences 'good news' to police "I think we'll see in the next year or so, the full impact of cannabis, but certainly to this point, across the nation, we haven't seen a big impact at all." The number of cannabis-related offences recorded by Saskatoon police in the year since cannabis was legalized didn’t go up or down. Supt. Dave Haye calls that “good news.” A one-year review report to the board of police commissioners says the number of cannabis related charges and driving offences between Oct. 17, 2018 and Oct. 17, 2019 included 11 federal Cannabis Act charges, 187 charges under provincial legislation, and 41 criminal driving offences, only eight of which had cannabis specified as the intoxicant. “I’m pleased to report that some of the horror stories that occurred in other areas did not occur in Canada,” Haye told the police board on Thursday. Chief Troy Cooper told media the police force did not see what it was expecting in the numbers, but also in terms of its consumption and marketing. “It’s still a bit of a slow rollout. We’re happy to see that; we think it was the responsible way to introduce cannabis in Saskatchewan. But there was some difficulty in getting product, some difficulty in getting stores open, so that market is still not mature, and now we’re adding edibles as well,” he said. “I think we’ll see in the next year or so, the full impact of cannabis, but certainly to this point, across the nation, we haven’t seen a big impact at all.” The force spent more than it had anticipated on training — more than $138,000, compared to its expectation of just over $115,000. Training drug recognition experts is the most expensive, in part due to how involved the process is, as well as having to travel to the U.S. for instruction, Staff Sgt. Patrick Barbar, the head of the traffic unit, told the board. Police have about two dozen trained experts and with officers changing assignments, training will be ongoing, he said. The board heard police also expect to receive a second drug testing device from the province in the new year — a hand-held SoToxa unit. Police received the much larger Draeger 5000 unit earlier this year. tjames@postmedia.com Bongme
  2. hi How much Canadians spend on pot (legally) Canadians spent $24 per capita on legal cannabis in the first 11 months since recreational pot was legalized, according to Statistics Canada. The federal agency found spending topped $908 million at online and physical stores between October 2018, the month Canada became the first G7 nation to allow legal sales of recreational cannabis, and last September. The total falls far short of the $4.34 billion, including medical purchases, projected by Deloitte for Canada in 2019. The majority of that figure is expected to come from legal channels. Ontario, Canada’s largest province by population, led in terms of total dollars spent on pot at $216 million, followed by Alberta ($195 million), Quebec ($194 million) and Nova Scotia ($65 million). The smallest regions led in per capita sales. Yukon residents spent $103 per capita, followed by Prince Edward Island ($97) and Northwest Territories ($61). Data were not available for Nunavut. “Differences between regions in total and per capita cannabis store sales may be explained in part by Canadians’ access to cannabis stores,” the federal agency said in a release on Wednesday. Legal cannabis sales are controlled by a patchwork of provincial regulations established post-legalization spanning the public and private sectors. Statistics Canada said a variety of factors may influence access to legal cannabis, including regulatory steps to establish a cannabis store, illegal market competition, population and store density, and supply. The total number of cannabis retail stores in Canada rose from 217 in March 2019 to 407 in July 2019, an increase of 88 per cent, according to the data. Alberta held top rank in store count since legalization and opened the most stores at 10 between March and July 2019 for a total of 176 cannabis stores province-wide. Meanwhile, British Columbia had just 16 stores in March. The number of outlets in B.C. increased to 57 in July, the second highest in the country. Ontario has 24 open for business. Statistics Canada noted that Ontario has surpassed Alberta in sales volume. “Prior to legalization Ontario shifted from its planned public retail model to a hybrid model, permitting a first wave of private brick-and-mortar stores to open in April 2019,” the agency said in its release. However, 70 per cent of Albertans were found to live within 10 kilometres of a cannabis retail outlet in July, compared to 33 per cent in Ontario that month. Online sales started out strong post-legalization, but tapered as more physical stores opened. “While online cannabis retail ensures access to all Canadians regardless of proximity to a physical store, accessibility continues to improve as more stores open across the country,” StatsCan said. Jeff Lagerquist is a senior reporter at Yahoo Finance Canada. Follow him on Twitter @jefflagerquist. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/how-much-canadians-spend-on-pot-legally-165627458.html Bongme
  3. hi High-paying jobs’ in cannabis could await grads from new university program Majoring in pot is serious business for students at McGill. The Montreal university will become the first top-tier research school in Canada to offer a degree in commercial cannabis. The program was designed to meet the talent needs of the rapidly growing sector. McGill said it started pre-screening students for its year-long Diploma in Commercial Cannabis program last week. The 30-credit degree to be launched in June will span two academic terms, followed by an internship in the industry. While the school is by no means the first in Canada to train students to work in the pot sector, McGill is the only one among the elite U15 Canadian Research Universities to offer a full program to train biologists to grow cannabis, develop strains, protect against contaminants, and understand the industry’s legal framework. “We’ll really be diving into issues that are very specific to the cannabis industry,” Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences dean Anja Geitmann told the McGill Reporter. A bachelor of science in biological, agricultural, or environmental sciences, including 15 credits in plant-related courses and a course in biochemistry or organic chemistry is required for admission. Jobs in Canada’s cannabis sector have nearly quadrupled since recreational pot was legalized last year. Approximately 9,200 people worked for cannabis companies in April 2019, compared to 2,630 in fiscal 2018, and 1,438 in fiscal 2017, according to Statistics Canada. The number of pot companies has surged as well, from 37 in 2017, to 83 in 2018, to 175 at the time StatCan published its report. There is evidence to suggest it pays to work in pot. A study earlier this year by the career website Glassdoor found that the median salary for American cannabis industry job openings is US$58,511 per year, $5,648 or 10.7 percent, higher than the U.S. median salary of $52,863. Due to the diverse mixture of available jobs, salaries ranged from $22,326 per year to $215,384 per year, according to Glassdoor. “Our students will have the tools to get the high-paying jobs – master growers, quality managers, microbiologists and formulation specialists – in the cannabis industry,” Geitmann said. A separate analysis by Marijuana Business Daily found the average salary of a cannabis company CEO at one of the five major firms is $528,090 (or $285,113 if you take out the $1.5 million annual salary of MedMen Enterprises’ (MMEN.CN)(MMNFF) Adam Bierman. Bierman accepted a $50,000 annual salary in late May, after the publication of Marijuana Business Daily’s research, according to the company’s financial filing.) The publication estimated that the average chief executive in other industries earns $196,050. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/high-paying-cannabis-jobs-await-grads-from-university-program-191052441.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvLnVrL3VybD9zYT10JnJjdD1qJnE9JmVzcmM9cyZzb3VyY2U9bmV3c3NlYXJjaCZjZD02JmNhZD1yamEmdWFjdD04JnZlZD0wYWhVS0V3aVRoZDJDaTU3bUFoVkhUOEFLSFFCekFoMFFxUUlJUENnQU1BVSZ1cmw9aHR0cHMlM0ElMkYlMkZ1ay5uZXdzLnlhaG9vLmNvbSUyRmhpZ2gtcGF5aW5nLWNhbm5hYmlzLWpvYnMtYXdhaXQtZ3JhZHMtZnJvbS11bml2ZXJzaXR5LXByb2dyYW0tMTkxMDUyNDQxLmh0bWwmdXNnPUFPdlZhdzBpNndSTDlWdVJCclZQMU1ZSXRMRjU&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAABvsaj7GBfR_0XyrLqrK4s9xjYo4YbRwS_25jGOxpg7NlhGsoS15AVqhW7HxCLvAFYkQfhfRL10_mtWqt6OoMY-_3-37vL-aUNu-eAB2QXT6v3aGNSRh0ZUbqXIM0ot7Lhhgu3Ot0Ki0CtB6SWwKnz8Ln08qMKONKKJnFXegnIyM Bongme
  4. Hi Shoppers Drug Mart expands medical cannabis online sales to East Coast Residents of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and P.E.I. can now make purchases through pharmacy chain Canadian pharmacy giant Shoppers Drug Mart has expanded its online medical cannabis platform to Canada's East Coast. As of today, residents of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island can go online on the company's website to make their purchase, which will then be mailed to them. Residents who don't currently have the proper medical documentation authorizing the use of medical cannabis can get it by setting up a consultation online. "There's access to telemedicine where a person can have an individual consultation with a physician who can determine whether cannabis is right for them," said Mike Boivin, a pharmacist consultant from Ontario who is a member of the Shoppers Drug Mart Advisory Board on Medical Cannabis. Boivin said not having to go to a doctor's office will make medical cannabis more accessible for those who could benefit from it. There are currently more than 25,000 Maritimers authorized to use medical cannabis. "The vast majority of people who use medical cannabis use it to manage chronic pain," said Boivin. "Other people will use it to help them with their sleep." Medical cannabis can be purchased in various forms, including dried cannabis, oil or capsules. Shoppers Drug Mart stores cannot dispense cannabis from their pharmacies, as Health Canada only allows the purchase through mail order. Shoppers Drug Mart's e-commerce platform for medical cannabis launched in January, a month after Health Canada licensed the company to sell the product online. Originally, it was only available to Ontario residents but now is available from coast to coast. "We know with some of the data that's out there that there are 1.1 million Canadians that are using cannabis for medical purposes," said Boivin. "But more than 800,000 of those individuals are either self-medicating by going through a legal recreational retailer or buying the cannabis illicitly." Boivin said self-medicating risks will be reduced because purchasers will have access to experts who can guide them on whether or not they can use medical cannabis with any other medications they may be taking. Shoppers Drug Mart said in January it had signed supply agreements with 10 licensed producers of dried cannabis and cannabis oil. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/shoppers-drug-mart-medical-cannabis-east-coast-1.5381020 Bongme
  5. Hi Poor Quality’ Cannabis At The Root Of Canada’s Woes As the troubles stack-up for the main cannabis companies in Canada, an industry insider believes they’ll never be able to address one key issue – a lack of ‘good quality weed’. James A. Smith, Chief Revenue Officer in Canada at emerging cannabis 4C Labs, says: “I do not know anyone who buys their cannabis on the legal market, it’s horrible quality.” Recent figures show the ‘black’ and ‘grey’ markets continue to cater for the needs of the majority of Canada’s cannabis consumer users, with many leading companies blaming this on a lack of retail outlets. While acknowledging this has some merit, Mr Smith believes it is being used as a smokescreen for a litany of inadequacies. End Of The Line In fact, he goes on to say that today’s leading industry players – exclusively Canadian – will not be around in a few years time. As an executive briefed with sourcing investor capital for 4C Labs, Mr Smith naturally talks up the insurgency but, in a long chat with CBD Testers he raised a host of salient points. “The big producers paid too much for assets that are not producing quality product. Their whole systems of production cannot produce a quality cannabis product and as consumers in Canada are becoming much more sophisticated, they are increasingly aware of that.” He says that even though the ‘likes of Canopy and Tilray’ in Canada have been in existence for some time they have never produced a quality cannabis product ‘in the history of their production’. “So if Canopy cannot grow good quality medical products over the last 10 years why would you think they could grow good recreational cannabis?” He ponders Economies Of Scale He went on to say there are some key structural issues with these businesses in the type of growing equipment, where they are growing and seed genetic quality, they’re ‘too focused on economies of scale’. The reality of is that they ‘may well never be profitable’ and the real future opportunities are for ‘the smaller craft companies such as Supreme and The Green Organic Dutchman’. While there will be successful companies, the reality is that the craft growers have not yet entered the market. The reality is that there products is not in demand because of the quality and they are blaming distribution (a lack of stores) for all of their woes. Investors assumed that companies who had been in the medical game were going to dominate the recreational market and that just simply hasn’t been the case. I don’t know anybody who buys weed from a Government store. The quality is terrible.” Mr. Smith Mr Smith has been planning his entrance into the cannabis market for four years and has been actively involved for the last 18 months. In that time he has assembled ‘a formidable team of growers’ with an extensive genetic library, and established key strategic partnerships with large Colombian agricultural and pharmaceutical firms as well as distribution partners in Malta, Germany and the U.K. It will garner is first harvest in Colombia next September and will target its oil at large corporates in the cosmetics and wellness markets as well as developing its own CBD wellness range. U.K. Pot ‘Horrible’ Mr Smith previously worked in commercial and residential real estate.He said one of his real estate roles was to identify jurisdictions were ‘people weren’t paying attention and there were regulatory gaps, and that in this regard the two industries pretty much identical. One of the jurisdictions where he sees great potential is in the U.K. medical cannabis market and it’s in the process of establishing a growing base on the Channel Island of Guernsey to supply this market. Although U.K. medical cannabis has been available for over a year, the system is badly designed and restricts access to those with deep-pockets, through private clinics. “Recent research show that there are 1.4m people in the U.K, using street cannabis for their medical conditions – that’s a lot of cannabis. We are yet to see how this will develop but what is currently available costs around £35 a gram, and £375 a gram for CBD oil (Epidyolex) and these come could down £10 and £40 to £50 and and we would be profitable. The cannabis in the U.K is horrible, it’s of seriously poor quality and my growers have been supplying cannabis clubs for over 25 years; that’s the kind of knowledge you need to be successful.” Mr. Smith 4C Labs has begun a new capital fund-raising round in London, with Mr Smith saying the potential arrival of two new board members would allow it to raise millions of pounds in short measure and circumvent the need to build out its facilities in phases. London Leading Mr Smith sees London emerging as the global financial cannabis capital. “I can feel the temperature in London, and it’s exciting this could be a £50 Billion industry in the next five years five years.” As things stand in Canada the appetite for risk capital has disappeared, says Mr Smith. “A lot of mature companies are running out of capital, they are not profitable and, if they don’t have enough cash in the kitty and they missed the last hurrah of access to capital, then they are in trouble.” He said, “They have a lot of overheads, have built large facilities with lots of staff. A lot of Canadian companies have paid over the odds in terms of the assets they have purchased over the last five years.” Then he went on to identify a number of deals which he described as being ‘highly dubious’ in terms of value to the Canadian majors in jurisdictions such as Jamaica, Argentina and Chile. He continued: “They are not succeeding at what they are tying to do, whether that’s due to incompetence? But many of these assets are costing more than they are producing. We’re at the very beginning of this industry and the real players are yet to emerge, that will happen within the next five years.” “That’s my opinion, and a lot of people will disagree with me.” Footnote: Just last week Aurora Cannabis CEO Terry Booth warned that the Canadian cannabis industry will soon see ‘carnage’ among some companies that have high production and others will struggle to survive in the current downturn. https://cbdtesters.co/2019/12/01/poor-quality-cannabis-at-the-root-of-canadas-woes/ Bongme
  6. hi Cannabis vaping is now legal in Canada, but that doesn’t make it safe: experts Cannabis vaping oils, along with edibles and beverages, became legal for sale in Canada last week, but if you think those extracts will be safe because they are legal and regulated, think again, warn University of Alberta medical experts. “My advice to consumers would be not to engage in this experiment, because that's what it is—an experiment on your health in uncontrolled circumstances," said U of A smoking cessation expert and anesthesiologist Barry Finegan. “Even if producers use approved constituents, we have no idea what the consequences of inhaling those products are," said Finegan, adding that consuming vaping oils could result in acute, toxic lung injury. Although cannabis vapes, edibles, beverages and topical lotions became legal and subject to Health Canada regulation as of Oct. 17, they’re expected to arrive in retail stores in mid-December after a 60-day product review. But the move—following legalization of dried cannabis flower one year ago—comes as some 1,300 cases of lung injury, and 29 deaths, have recently been linked to vaping in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) found that 76 per cent of patients with those injuries had reported using illicit products containing THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis. “There is no clear data on what's in all these e-liquids people are using,” even from licensed producers, said Finegan. He added that little research has been done on the short- or long-term consequences of vaping either cannabis or nicotine oils, so Health Canada has scant evidence for drawing up safety guidelines. “It’s pretty astonishing the federal government would legalize vaping products without studies necessary to ensure their safety,” he said. The Canadian cannabis industry, however, fearing a drop in vape sales, has pushed back on suggestions its products are unsafe in a legal market. Greg Engel, chief executive officer of licensed producer Organigram Inc., told the Financial Post that “we must remember we are in a highly regulated environment in Canada where consumer safety comes first.” While no single product or substance has been blamed for the lung injuries, some possible culprits are pesticide residue, flavouring additives and cutting agents used to stretch the amount of THC in the extract, according to CDC. So far, no vaping product has been ruled safe. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has pointed to vitamin E acetate, sometimes used as a thickening agent, found in all of the products associated with the lung injuries. U of A pulmonary medicine expert Dilini Vethanayagam said inhalation of oil-based products can cause lipid pneumonia, a condition that coats the alveolus—tiny hairs in the lungs responsible for respiration—with oil. She has been aware of the illness at least since 2000, she said, having published a study that year on a case of lipid pneumonia brought on by smoking weed oil. However, researchers at the Mayo Clinic have nearly ruled out lipid pneumonia as the cause of the current crisis, as they explained in a letter to the New England Journal of Medicine earlier this month. What they did find in their examination of 17 cases were lung injuries resembling chemical burns suffered in industrial accidents after the inhalation of mustard gas used in the First World War. X-rays of patients show “cloudy white-outs in their lungs,” said Finegan, a sign of fluid accumulation and acute lung injury. "There is diffuse damage to air spaces, fluid accumulation and deposition of lipids in the lung,” he said. “All of those things interfere with our ability to transport oxygen across the alveolus, which are like extremely fine tissue paper." He said that in the last five years, vaping pens and other electronic devices have become "incredibly efficient” at delivering drastically increased doses of THC while depositing fatty compounds to the deepest areas of the lungs. The problem is that what was once considered a smoking cessation strategy has now become a recreational habit, and some users are consuming staggering amounts of vaping oils, said Finegan, sometimes for “hours a day,” increasing the likelihood of dependency. Canada's chief public health officer, Theresa Tam, attempted to reassure Canadians last month that regulated vaping products will be safer than those on the black market, because their ingredients will at least be known. "If there should be any issues or safety concerns, it's much easier to investigate products that are already regulated," she said. But Vethanayagam said launching safety investigations after products become freely available is far from adequate, jeopardizing the health of young consumers especially. "A lot of kids and younger adults think vaping is safer than smoking, and it's not,” she said. "In 2019, we know what regulatory oversight should be at the Health Canada level, and even with nicotine vaping, it wasn't done properly. They’ve approved these products for the market, but they should say no, there's not enough data." But if oils are the problem, does that mean vaping dried cannabis flower is still safer than smoking? If you’re doing it to help quit smoking, maybe, said Vethanayagam, but even then, only for a short period of time under the supervision of your family doctor or primary care team. Health Canada clearly states there are risks to any kind of vaping. “Nothing inhaled outside of prescribed, and tested, inhalational medications is safe for your lungs,” said Vethanayagam. “Your lungs are meant for respiration.” https://www.folio.ca/cannabis-vaping-is-now-legal-in-canada-but-that-doesnt-make-it-safe-experts/ Bongme
  7. hi Popular and affordable cannabis strains on the Canadian market today The price of weed is a tricky subject. Look on the global scale and you’ll see anything from $43.41 or $43.12 per gram in cities like Tokyo and Seoul, respectively, all the way down to $1.78 per gram in Quito, Ecuador. There’s also the incredibly high-end side of things, where cannabis prices rise to dizzying heights. Fans of rapper 2 Chainz will likely be familiar with Isla O.G., after he featured it on his show, Most Expensive Shit; that strain comes to a whopping $1063 per ounce. Additionally, according to weedsmart.ca, Fruity Pebbles can cost around $1,325 per ounce, while Cream of the Crop, Cannabis Caviar, goes for a staggering $1800 per ounce. Of course, these exorbitant prices are only for a certain sub sect of high-rollers. Don’t fear, though, there is plenty of top quality bud at affordable prices. Here are a few that won’t break the bank. Wappa A dense, tightly-packed bud with large, solid flowers. Wappa has a strong and sweet aroma that leans towards the skunk-ier side of things, and has a clean weed taste. Expect a light green bud with orange hairs. The effects will likely be in the happy/relaxed camp. With a THC potential of 21.6%, it’s advised that this strain be reserved for nighttime. God Bud Resin-coated buds and a musky/tropical fruit flavour, with undertones of berry, lavender, and pine. The terpene profile consists of beta-caryophyllene, trans-caryophyllene, humulene, myrcene, and limonene, so expect an earthy and citrusy odour. God Bud is a mix of Hawaiian, Purple Skunk, and the mysterious Canadian strain known only as “God”. It has a medium THC potency with a green and white colour. If the product comes from the RedeCan facility, it’s green-house grown in pesticide-free, natural lighting conditions, then hang-dried, hand-trimmed, sterilized, and inspected. Dancehall A 60/40 sativa dominant hybrid, which is bred by combining Juanita La Lagrimosa (a Mexican-Afghani-Spanish hybrid) with Kalijah (Blue Heaven crossed with a Mexican-Afghani hybrid). This affordable strain’s terpene profile consists of alpha-pinene, limonene, linalool, and myrcene, so it has floral, fruity, and spicy aromas. This strain will likely give you a bit more energy and focus, but some users find Dancehall to provide relief too. J ean Guy A Canadian hybrid with acute cerebral effects. It possesses a lot of the same traits as another affordable, and much more well-known strain called White Widow. Jean Guy’s dark green buds are packed with golden crystal trichomes, and due to the trans-caryophyllene in its terpene profile, JG has hints of lemon and pine scents. This strain is said to have uplifting, energetic, and happiness-inducing effects. It’s also a reputable source of relief for fibromyalgia and cancer symptoms—although it should be noted that patients prone to anxiety may want to start with a very low dose, on account of its typically high THC content. https://www.leafly.com/news/strains-products/popular-affordable-cannabis-strains-canada Bongme
  8. Hi My last post see you Monday thanks for all the likes take care and look after Cannabis now available in fully recyclable tins To mark the anniversary of the legalization of cannabis in Canada, a licensed producer in Alberta that is putting a priority on the environment and sustainability. This takes the form of providing the drug in fully recyclable tins. One of the reasons for the move is due to concerns and complaints about the environmental impact of cannabis production. Environmental concerns extend to the cultivation process and to the packaging. Based on one area of research, for each gram of cannabis sold, there can be as much as 70 grams of packaging waste. This is primarily because most of the packaging is plastic. To partly address environmental concerns Freedom Cannabis has introduced 100 percent recyclable tins for their packaging. The sustainable packaging option is called the Nitrotin tin, and it abides by all Health Canada cannabis packaging regulations. The tins are made from stainless steel, which means they are reusable for a long period of time and then recyclable into other products at the end of their life. With the tins, cannabis is packaged using liquid nitrogen. This process reduces oxidation of chemical components. The process also prevents the growth of most microorganisms. The Nitrotin tins do come with a plastic child resistant lid. However, the lid comprises of less than 10 percent of the packaging and it is also recyclable. Commenting on the new measures, Troy Dezwart, Executive Director and Co-Founder of Freedom Cannabis says in communication provided to Digital Journal: “Our mandate has always been to be a leader in sustainability in this industry.” However, he adds: “when it comes to packaging, we also prioritize the quality of our product. We want to ensure our customers always get the highest-quality cannabis. We know oxidation affects the flavour and fragrance of cannabis, so Nitrotin, which offers recyclable containers that prevent oxidation, was a perfect option for us.” This represents a further move in the company’s aim to become the environmental leader in the cannabis production space. As a further sign of the commitment to the environment, the company is finishing plans for the installation of Canada’s largest rooftop solar array at the firm’s Acheson facility. http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/environment/cannabis-now-available-in-fully-recyclable-tins/article/560090 Bongme
  9. Hi Edibles not likely to hit B.C. cannabis store shelves until 2020: Public Safety Minister KAMLOOPS — As of yesterday, edibles were made legal across Canada — but that doesn’t mean they’re readily available. B.C.’s Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General, Mike Farnworth, tells CFJC Today that consumers likely won’t see edibles on retail cannabis store shelves until next year. “While edibles are now legal as of yesterday, the reality is I don’t expect to see them in retail outlets until probably January at the earliest,” Farnworth says. New amendments to the Cannabis Act came into effect yesterday (Oct. 17), which established a regulatory framework for edibles, extracts and topicals. But producers could only start applying yesterday to produce and sell those products. https://cfjctoday.com/2019/10/18/edibles-not-likely-to-hit-b-c-cannabis-store-shelves-until-2020-public-safety-minister/ Bongme
  10. Hi Terence Corcoran: Bring back the cannabis 'black market' — the closest perfect example of a free market The previously existing free market in cannabis still delivers the best outcome: low prices, high quality, and ease of purchase Financial Post Somebody somewhere must be working on a script for Potbusters, the hilarious story of the bumbling attempt by Canada’s political, regulatory and corporate establishments — the high powers of the mixed economy — to take over the national market for cannabis. It’s a riot of bureaucratic slapstick, pompous posturing, regulatory pretentiousness, corporate schemers and botched financial planning: a true comedy. Opening scene: A character played by Bill Murray, an old pro operator of flame-thrower equipment, arrives at a suburban Toronto warehouse to perform his Potbuster duties. Wearing heavy gear with the words “Health Canada” written across the back, he looks through grizzled, experienced eyes at a 12,000-kilogram mound of cannabis. There’s something you don’t see every day. Gotta be worth a hundred million at least,” he says. Beside him, also in Health Canada gear, is another old pro Potbuster played by Dan Aykroyd: “Oh my God. This is a harmless mound of pot. Something I’ve loved since my childhood. Something that could never possibly destroy us. We used to smoke it by the fire at Camp Oconda.” “So what. We got a job to do — one, two, three.” The characters crouch down and blast flames at the cannabis, which explodes in yellow blaze and pungent smoke. The Aykroyd character breaks down, almost in tears. “How did we come to this?” Somebody else can finish the script, but it’s a good question. The scene describes the latest wonky development in Canada’s absurd one-year-old cannabis legalization experiment — the very first policy initiative of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s newly elected Liberal government in 2015. Since then, hundreds of millions of dollar have been splashed around the country by investors looking to make quick dollars by manufacturing and distributing a product that already had a functioning, low-cost market system in place. Some call it the black market, but the existing market was in fact the closest perfect example of a free market — a low-cost, high-quality product — without the benefit of stock brokers, securities regulators, scheming politicians and corporate wheeler-dealers attempting to capitalize on government regulation. It turned out one of those companies, CannTrust Holdings Inc., had been secretly growing cannabis products in unlicensed portions of its Ontario facilities, without proper approval from Health Canada. The department moved in, seized the products involved, and has ordered their destruction. How? Who ya gonna call? Potbusters. How did we arrive at a point where a legal corporation finds itself in the clink for doing what thousands of people have been doing illegally and mostly freely for decades? Here’s another funny scene set-up for this regulatory/corporate comedy: The offices of Statistics Canada in Ottawa, where the nation’s crack statistics bureaucrats set up a team to plumb the data depths of the national cannabis market. They called it the Cannabis Stats Hub, which produced StatsCannabis data. Look it up if you think I’m kidding. Since establishing the Cannabis Stats Hub about five years ago, the agency has been cranking out hilarious reports and studies, with such titles such as “Experimental Estimates of Cannabis Consumption in Canada, 1960 to 2015,” “Crowdsourced cannabis prices,” and “A Cannabis Economic Account — The Framework.” The StatsCan cannabis hub produced some of the data that fuelled last year’s mad hype around legalization. In fancy reports, the hub estimated the annual consumption of cannabis at more than 700 tonnes and the dollar value of black market sales at $5.7 billion in 2017. The fine print was funny, though. Regarding the 700 tonnes, the report warned that there were numerous uncertainties. “Cumulatively, the uncertainty about the volume estimate is sufficiently large that it could reasonably be reduced by about 54 per cent or increased by about 95 per cent.” The 700 tonnes, in other words, could actually be less than 350 tonnes. As for the price and value, collected via crowdsourcing methods, StatsCan estimated that 4.9 million Canadians spent $5.7 billion on cannabis for medical and non-medical purposes. The dollar value of cannabis production in 2017 was bigger than beer and tobacco production, it said. Data allegedly showed that the age of pot consumers was getting older, consumption was rising and — best of all — prices were falling. A note to readers of the report warned that the data was based on a lot of assumptions and might not be all that reliable. More recently, StatsCan reported that its price information is now collected by “scraping the websites of illegal online retailers. Since the prices collected through web scraping include only illegal online purchases of cannabis, they are not fully comparable with the StatsCannabis data which include both online and other purchases of illegal cannabis.” Free-market cannabis prices are apparently now down to around $7 a gram and lower. The funny bit here is that Canada’s official statistics agency has been busy building up data on an industry that has been unregulated and illegal for decades, mainly to allow governments and scheming corporations to seize control of a market that to all intents and purposes has been wildly successful. By all accounts, the previously existing free market in cannabis still delivers the best outcome: low prices, high quality, and ease of purchase. As reported recently in the Financial Post, unregulated market sellers are set up all over the country ready to serve consumers. The logical conclusion: In an ideal world, Canada should have simply declared cannabis legal. End of plan. Let the current players get legal. Instead, state planners aimed to subvert the free market and install a modern regulated corporatist model that drove up prices, failed on quality and stumbled setting up retail systems. And now — hilariously — the cannabis establishment wants to clamp down on the free market, which it conveniently brands as the black market. Could we start again? Send in Potbusters to take down the lawyers, bureaucrats, corporate dealers, securities regulators and tax collectors. Let the old free market run the cannabis industry. Financial Post https://business.financialpost.com/opinion/terence-corcoran-bring-back-the-cannabis-black-market-the-closest-perfect-example-of-a-free-market Bongme
  11. hi Hundreds of cannabis stores in Alberta but users still turning to black market Cannabis has been legal in Canada for one year, but it remains unclear how much impact that is having on the black market. Alberta has more than 300 cannabis stores – more than any other province or territory – and more licences are in the works. Numbers from Statistics Canada show Albertans spend more on legal pot than any other Canadians. “I think certainly the number of retail locations has played a large role in the total number of sales,” said Dave Berry, vice president of regulatory services for Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis. But Colin Rogucki said he has not bought from a legal weed store in the year since legalization. Rogucki owns three marijuana paraphernalia stores in Edmonton and has been a cannabis user for 26 years. He said prices are another factor; prices on the black market are cheaper than legal weed stores. “Most of the people we know smoke more than a gram or two. At the prices they are selling, there are no bulk discounts,” Rogucki said. Other data from Statistics Canada shows 40 per cent of Canadian cannabis users still buy from illegal sources. “We’re seeing a significant amount of cannabis products being shipped through the mail,” said deputy police chief Alan Murphy. However, Rogucki still calls legalization successful. “Society did not fail. Now we’re onto step two. We’ll see with concentrates and edibles and things like that, what’s going to happen,” he said. Rogucki also said he has seen attitudes shift in the year since legalization. “People used to look at you like, ‘You’re a pot smoker, You were someone who’s a little lower than everyone else,’” he said. “It’s nice to go to a hockey game and be out then go to a legal smoke area and smoke a joint then move on and have your day.” https://globalnews.ca/news/6046344/cannabis-stores-alberta-users-black-market/ Bongme
  12. Hi Cannabis entrepreneurs reflect on highs and lows a year after legalization Cannabis manufacturers and retail operators in Canada are celebrating the official one year anniversary of legalization by highlighting what they learned from joining and building a brand new industry. OTTAWA — Ottawa's cannabis retailers are looking back on the challenges faced over the last year, as they ventured into a brand new industry, creating something from virtually nothing. CEO of Fire and Flower Trevor Fencott said Thursday, on the official one-year mark since weed became legal in Canada, many business owners approached the industry with cautious optimism. "I think safety was an important factor, which it should be," Fencott said. "I think what we learned was that the world didn't stop. People kept going to their jobs, there wasn't this sort of cannabis apocalypse with stoned zombies running the streets. It was pretty much business as usual for the country." Fencott explained there were clear winner and loser provinces when it came to introducing legal cannabis. He highlighted Alberta as a clear winner with their plan to privatize the system, introducing around 300 stores. Ontario came out as a loser, in his opinion, because it's lottery system limited the amount of retail stores in the province. "I think the first lottery, for example, was probably a good idea because things were very limited, but I don't think the second lottery was ideal though, because supply simply isn't an issue anymore," Fencott said. "It's not a bad thing to have a failed experiment -- it's really what you take away from that." Ontario holds 40 per cent of the country's population and has 24 stores. The government is in the process of increasing that number to 75. Harrison Stoker, Operator of Hobo Cannabis in Ottawa said it has been interesting being a "pioneer" of the industry. "Nobody is the expert," Harrison said. "There is no one historical data. There's is no one you can really call and walk you through like a case study for example." The legal cannabis industry isn't expected to be as lucrative as originally expected for its first year, with experts estimating it to clear $1-billion in revenue for 2019. That's down from the $5-billion originally forecasted. https://www.sudbury.com/around-the-north/cannabis-entrepreneurs-reflect-on-highs-and-lows-a-year-after-legalization-1754782 Bongme
  13. Hi Pot during work hours? Here’s what Canadians are saying post-legalization Cannabis has had a smaller-than-expected impact on workplace performance nearly one year after recreational legalization, according to a new survey of Canadian workers. Payroll service firm ADP Canada commissioned an Ipsos survey that spoke to a sample of 1,160 working Canadians aged 18 and over. The results show most Canadian workers see cannabis having no impact at work in terms of health and safety incidents (75 per cent), productivity (74 per cent), absenteeism (71 per cent), or quality of work (70 per cent). “There was a lot of uncertainty and hype leading up to cannabis legalization last year. But so far, cannabis has not had a noticeable impact on the workplace or on workplace performance,” Hendrik Steenkamp, director of HR advisory at ADP Canada, said in a news release on Thursday. The results are a departure from opinions prior to Oct. 17, 2018, the day Canada became the first G7 nation to legalize recreational use. At the time, nearly half of working Canadians expected productivity (46 per cent) and quality of work (43 per cent) to decline, and said health and safety incidents (55 per cent) and absenteeism (40 per cent) would increase. Despite the less pronounced negative impacts, the vast majority of working Canadians surveyed (86 per cent) said their employer does not permit recreational cannabis use. Only a fraction (eight per cent) said cannabis use is allowed during the workday. These findings are in line with 2018 figures indicating six per cent of Canadians thought they would be allowed to use cannabis during work hours or before coming to work. According to the survey, the overwhelming majority of Canadians are keeping cannabis use and their professional lives separate. The survey found only a fraction of Canadians consume recreational cannabis before work (five per cent), during work hours (four per cent), and after work with colleagues (six per cent). Most Canadian workers said they are aware of their workplace’s stance on cannabis use, however, those in management were found to be slightly more familiar with policies (86 per cent versus 74 per cent). Regionally, cannabis workplace policy awareness was found to be highest in Atlantic Canada (72 per cent), and lowest in Quebec (56 per cent.) https://uk.news.yahoo.com/pot-during-work-hours-what-canadians-are-saying-110041690.html Bongme
  14. Hi There's a massive cannabis science and technology conference in Toronto today While business and policy developments in Canadian cannabis generally grab most of the headlines, some of the most innovative and unsung developments happen behind the scenes in regards to the science and technology used by the industry. To help celebrate and connect these members of the field together, Business of Cannabis has organized the Cannabis + Technology confrence, taking place this Friday. The one-day event will showcase tech innovation from across the cannabis sector, covering the complete cannabis supply chain from cultivation technology to patient and consumer-facing technological advances. “Canada’s approach to legalizing cannabis has opened the innovation floodgates for canna-tech,” said Jay Rosenthal, Co-founder and President, Business of Cannabis. “Cannabis + Technology will highlight the innovators and companies leading the charge.” Some of the speakers include Richard Carleton, CEO of the Canadian Securities Exchange, Karim Ramji, CIO of the Ontario Cannabis Store, and more. “Canada is already the global hub of cannabis finance,” said Richard Carleton, CEO, Canadian Securities Exchange. “We also have a unique opportunity to be the hub of technological innovation in the cannabis sector.” https://dailyhive.com/grow/cannabis-companies-impact Bongme
  15. hi 'Odourless' cannabis nearly ready for market, Canadian firm claims Cannabis connoisseurs looking to get high on the sly may have a new option—nearly “odourless” pot. CannabCo Pharmaceutical Corp., a Brampton, Ont.-based company awaiting a production licence from Health Canada, claims to have technology that virtually eliminates the tell-tale smells when cannabis is smoked and stored. “A number of users, and people that are around cannabis smokers, complain about the smell, especially in enclosed areas, condos and apartments, and this technology addresses those concerns,” CannabCo president and chief executive officer Mark Pellicane wrote in a news release on Tuesday. CannabCo said it has an agreement with an undisclosed provider to deploy the anti-odour technology, and plans to release a wide variety of products for the medical and recreational markets. The privately-held company is touting the pending release as a “global first.” CannabCo claims its PURECANN technology “greatly reduces” cannabis odour when flower is combusted, and makes the smell “virtually undetectable” when dry product is in storage. The technology is also said to reduce harshness when smoking, and lessens day-after effects. According to the news release, Health Canada has given CannabCo a Confirmation of Readiness notification, and the company is currently raising capital. They are also constructing a pilot facility in Brampton. CannabCo said the technology is fully compliant with GMP standards, a widely-accepted set of rules on handling, cleaning, quality assurance and packaging processes for manufacturing facilities and products. CannabCo said it will have exclusive rights to deploy the technology for use in its Canadian production upon receiving a licence from Health Canada, and has not ruled out potential processing agreements with other producers. "There are no third-party gadgets, or devices on the part of the user. The end result is pure cannabis that doesn't smell,” Pellicane added. “A woman can carry cannabis in her purse without having the odour concentrated or leaking out in her handbag.” https://uk.news.yahoo.com/odourless-cannabis-ready-for-market-141615624.html 92 Comments Bongme
  16. Craft beer plant

    From the album Summer 2019

  17. hi Canada begins issuing pardons for cannabis possession convictions TORONTO (Reuters) - Canada has begun issuing pardons for people who were convicted of simple possession of cannabis and do not have other criminal records, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's government announced on Thursday. Canada became the first developed nation to legalize the use of recreational marijuana last October. The pardon system for cannabis possession convictions fulfills a promise made by Trudeau during the 2015 election campaign. Upwards of 250,000 Canadians may have such a conviction, Liberal Justice Minister David Lametti said, though he added it was hard to get an exact figure because of differences in reporting systems between provinces and police jurisdictions. Many Canadians, particularly black and indigenous Canadians, are saddled with the "lingering consequences" of a system in which cannabis was illegal, Lametti said at a news conference in Montreal. Under the previous system, Canadians with a cannabis possession conviction had to wait five years before applying for a pardon and pay the parole board C$631 ($478), Lametti said. Those requirements have been removed under the new system. "People can finally shed the burden and stigma of that criminal record and move forward positively with their lives," he said. The pardon system is a step in the right direction, but there could still be problems and unforeseen costs, said Scott Bernstein, director of policy for the Canadian Drug Policy Coalition. People who go through the pardon process "are removed from some databases," Bernstein said, "but there are a lot of other databases and records kept out there." This could create problems for people who were previously convicted of cannabis possession when traveling to the U.S., he said. However, Lametti said Canadians who are eligible for the pardon will be able to cross the border into the United States without issue, because the record of the conviction will be removed from the Canadian database. Scott Bardsley, manager of communications for the Ministry of Border Safety, said in an interview that "there may be costs associated with compiling an application that are outside the Parole Board's control." For instance, Bardsley said, local courts and police services generally charge a fee to take fingerprints, do a criminal record check, and provide conviction information, all things that may be associated with compiling an application to request a pardon. "Generally the people who end up on the wrong side of criminal justice around drug issues are not people from wealthy and elite communities; it's people who already are marginalized," Bernstein said. The pardon process will be open to those whose only criminal record is a cannabis possession conviction. It will be available online starting on Thursday. "We're hoping by expediting the process to make the number of people who have access to the pardon reach into the thousands," Lametti said. ($1 = 1.3200 Canadian dollars) https://sg.news.yahoo.com/canada-begins-issuing-pardons-cannabis-034357436.html Bongme
  18. hi Black market cannabis 57 per cent cheaper than legal pot: Statistics Canada Black market cannabis continues to undercut Canada’s legal market by a wide margin, according to the latest crowdsourced price data released by Statistics Canada. The federal agency found the average cost of dried cannabis in the second quarter fell two per cent to $7.87 from $8.03 in the first quarter. The decline was attributed to lower reported illegal prices, which fell to $5.93 from $6.23. That offset a jump in legal prices, including online and in-store purchases, which rose to $10.65 from $10.21. The share of participants reporting “legal cannabis being too expensive” climbed to 34 per cent from 27 per cent in the first quarter of 2019. Respondents who said they purchased from illegal sources jumped to 59 per cent versus 55 per cent in the previous period. The price quotes were gathered using the StatsCannabis crowdsourcing application between April 1 and June 30. The agency has said caution should be used when interpreting crowdsourced findings, noting a limited and self-selected pool of data. https://uk.style.yahoo.com/legal-cannabis-57-per-cent-more-expensive-than-black-market-statistics-canada-125541736.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAAt418jOAMoCKbfSBqwNBseRXwhfyNy1m-IzBE6mfU3jm7e8VMMJVeKUYu0zfOAN06qFVTSbWszRsdI4jaREHlhiZrt0WvOrr-IQZ7PuVdXZr6ixUnuP_OZ2TJIfco0dTVTxzEwEONuHM5HBpOJyCaOSGFWtwHjzjlqLeudH10uy Bongme
  19. Hi Cannabis edibles to become legal in December | Power & Politics Published on 14 Jun 2019 Bongme
  20. Hi Survey says dads want cannabis for Father's Day VANCOUVER (NEWS 1130) – It seems the number one gift for dads on Father’s Day this year is cannabis or a cannabis-related product. That comes from a survey done by Lift, a tech company that works in the cannabis industry. They polled dads who use cannabis and found that 83 per cent would welcome a cannabis-related gift of some kind. The numbers were higher for younger dads. This is the first Father’s Day since the legalization of cannabis in Canada. Last year, Lift asked people if they would get high with their dads once legalization came into effect, but only 14 per cent thought that was a good idea. https://www.citynews1130.com/2019/06/14/survey-says-dads-want-cannabis-for-fathers-day/ Bongme
  21. hi Canada Cracks Down On Pilot Cannabis Regulations Transport Canada is cracking down on pilots and crew with stricter cannabis regulations. The new rules are to prevent airline employees from smoking or consuming cannabis 28 days before flying. According to new Canada Transport rules published by CBC News, members of Canada’s aviation industry will not be allowed to partake in cannabis use for at least 28 days prior to starting work. In order to comply with the new Canadian Aviation Regulations pilots, cabin crew, and air traffic controllers must bet fit in order to carry out their jobs. This means that they cannot be under the influence of any drug or substance that affects their job performance, which could lead to a negative effect on aviation safety. According to CBC News a statement on Transport Canada’s website, says “It is illegal to pilot an aircraft while under the influence of cannabis.” “Cannabis can impair a person’s capacity to pilot any type of aircraft in a safe manner and thus can endanger lives and lead to property loss.” As such, four weeks is the minimum time required to be free of cannabis before being allowed to work”, the aviation regulator said. Isn’t the use of cannabis legal in Canada? Canada legalized the use of recreational marijuana last fall, becoming only the second country in their world to do so. The first country to legalize marijuana was Uruguay in 2013. At the time, Canada’s Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau hailed the historic vote tweeting: “It’s been too easy for our kids to get marijuana – and for criminals to reap the profits. Today, we change that. Our plan to legalize & regulate marijuana just passed the Senate.” Under the new law, adults can have up to 30 grams of cannabis on them and be allowed to cultivate up to four marijuana plants in their homes. Following the legalization of the drug Transport Canada undertook a review of its policies with regards to human impairment. According to the federal agency, the new rules are in keeping with what Department of National Defense and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police have come up with for their workers. These policies are aligned with the best available science on the subject. Critics say that 28 days it too long. Some quarters are calling Transport Canada’s new law on cannabis use harsh, saying it prohibits airline flight crews from consuming a legal substance during their off time from work. Taking the Canadian Military as an example, soldiers are barred from consuming cannabis eight hours prior to being on duty and 24 hours when firing weapons or driving vehicles. How long do traces of cannabis remain in your system? Despite the critics, the regulator is steadfast in its policy of 28 days and says any member of a flight crew suspected of having used cannabis may face a mandatory drug test. https://simpleflying.com/canada-cracks-down-on-pilot-cannabis-regulations/ Bongme For heavy smokers, traces of cannabis will remain in their bodies for months, while being impaired to perform tasks lasts only a matter of hours, depending on the variables.
  22. hi Calgary pot activists hand out free joints to protest cannabis rules A local marijuana group staged a protest outside a popular recreational cannabis store in Calgary on Friday, passing out free pot to illustrate the point that the drug doesn't need to be so expensive. The gathering was organized by the Calgary Cannabis Club and representatives say it was important to demonstrate because there are still plenty of problems with the industry. "I see a lot of concerns with recreational cannabis legalization. Just from the retail standpoint here, we're seeing a monopoly of the bigger, more corporate, cannabis stores," said Gordon Hayes, director of fundraising and events at the club. He says New Leaf has 30 per cent of the market share in Calgary and it's "not really fair." Hayes says the application process needs to be sped up to ensure smaller shops aren't smoked out of the market entirely. "There are hundreds of stores that are in queue, waiting for their applications and people are losing serious amount of money keeping their locations on and running while waiting for their application to be approved." He says the cost has also been an issue among people and the drug doesn't need to be so expensive. "It doesn't need to be $17 a joint, [so] we can stand here and give it away for free. The pricing is just outrageous." Hayes adds if people just made the effort to grow their own pot under the regulations set out by the province, they would find that it costs only a few dollars per gram to produce. https://calgary.ctvnews.ca/calgary-pot-activists-hand-out-free-joints-to-protest-cannabis-rules-1.4457334 Bongme
  23. hi What are sublingual cannabis tablets? And how do they work? Sublingual tablets aren’t available in Canada yet, but they could provide faster relief for patients Not everyone who wants the benefits of cannabinoids wants to light up, which is where alternative methods of taking cannabis come into play. Although not legal in Canada yet, sublingual cannabis tablets look to be safer than smoking and could offer quicker relief for patients. As another alternative to smoking or vaping cannabis, users could take sublingual cannabis tablets containing THC or CBD by placing a dissolvable tablet under their tongue and absorbing the cannabinoids through their mucous membrane, explains Rosalia Yoon, PhD, a research scientist with Apollo Applied Research Inc., the medical research arm of Apollo Cannabis Clinics. Direct to bloodstream allows for faster “onset of action” Vikas Parihar, a clinical pharmacist and faculty associate with the Michael G. DeGroote Centre for Medicinal Cannabis Research at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont., adds that because sublingual administration allows the active ingredients to go directly into the bloodstream and bypass the stomach and liver, as with orally administrated drugs such as pills, tablets or gel capsules, the “onset of action” is far quicker. “In the case of CBD, [it can take] five to 15 minutes for sublingual versus two hours for oral [administration],” Parihar reports, citing results of a study involving Sativex spray. There are other benefits to sublingual tablets—in addition to the speed of onset action, which Yoon says, “would be beneficial for patients who need quick relief.” Bypassing digestion results in more efficient absorption and higher concentrations of the active THC or CBD compounds at work. “Sublingual tablets are just another route of administration for cannabinoids and, as such, they are used for the same common health reasons as the cannabis plant and oils,” says Yoon. “However, because sublingual tablets are orally administered, they are devoid of the toxic effects of the by-products of combustion in smoked cannabis.” Taking it slow may be the better course Despite the benefits of sublinguals, they are not always the best option for patients. “Sublingual tablets would be disadvantageous if a sustained, longer duration of action is desired,” says Yoon. Some examples of this would be if the patient was looking for long-lasting pain or anxiety relief, or help with sleeping. “In these cases, slow-release, extended-release formulations would be needed,” she says. Does faster speed equate to higher costs As a result, the speed of sublingual tablets may, ultimately, make sublingual administration of cannabinoids a less cost-effective choice. “Because sublingual tablets last a shorter time, this means that patients may need to take more doses of a sublingual drug versus an oral drug, hence also driving up cost for a patient,” he adds. Furthermore, for a sublingual cannabis tablet to work properly, Yoon says the tablet must meet certain requirements, such as actually having active forms of THC or CBD being able to dissolve quickly in saliva, and meet other formulation specifics. Health Canada has yet to approve any sublingual cannabis tablets. Parihar attributes the lack of availability to the difficulties that come with creating sublingual tablets. There are cannabis licensing costs, as well as product research, development and formulation costs. “Ultimately, the research involved and technology used in the sublingual tablet drives up the cost of production. This makes it an unaffordable option compared to an oral tablet,” he says. In other words, if sublingual tablets are legalized in Canada, users will want to make sure they get their tablets from verifiable sources. For now, Parihar says, “there are no head-to-head comparisons” on whether smoking, vaping or any form of sublingual administration of cannabis is more effective. “It’s a very patient-specific response,” he adds. Want to keep up to date on what’s happening in the world of cannabis? Subscribe to the Cannabis Post newsletter for weekly insights into the industry, what insiders will be talking about and content from across the Postmedia Network. https://www.thegrowthop.com/cannabis-health/what-are-sublingual-cannabis-tablets-and-how-do-they-work Bongme
  24. Hi Canadian company invests millions in Kiwi research to improve cannabis crops The world's largest grower and supplier of medicinal cannabis has invested over two million dollars in a small Kiwi agri-tech company. Canadian company Canopy Rivers' investment of US$1.5 million (NZ$2.2 million) in BioLumic is for the development of UV treatments that improve the performance and yield of cannabis crops. Palmerston North-based BioLumic's chief executive Warren Bebb said it was satisfying to see more global companies choose to invest in their "world-leading" company. "New Zealand agri-tech companies are starting to make a mark globally ... it's a testament to the value of scientific research. "Given our results with other flowering crops such as lettuce, tomatoes, strawberries and soybeans, medicinal cannabis is a natural fit for our technology," Bebb said. The global medicinal cannabis market is growing at such a rate that the market value is expected to be worth more than $80 billion in the next five years. Parliament passed the Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Bill in December, which introduced an exception and a legal defence for terminally ill people to possess and use illegal cannabis. This meant that companies such as BioLumic, which was started by photobiologist Dr Jason Wargent and Bebb in 2012, stand to share in the profits when the New Zealand medicinal cannabis market takes off. Wargent said developing a bespoke treatment for medicinal cannabis was an "awesome" application of the company's UV technology. He reckoned becoming involved in the medicinal cannabis market would attract new scientists from around the region and beyond. "It's exciting that we could make a difference for someone who has a really chronic health issue. It's the next chapter for us, it's an exciting new chapter," Wargent said. BioLumic has grown test crops of lettuce in Britain, Spain and Mexico, and has proven UV treatments can increase crop yields by up to 40 per cent in a variety of conditions. Wargent said part of BioLumic's "uniqueness" was the short duration of its UV treatments – between one to two weeks for seedlings and a matter of minutes for seeds. Once the plants have been treated, they do not need any further treatment for the rest of their lives. Wargent said he first tested out the technology on a small number of seedlings, which he kept in his bedroom to monitor. Last year, the company opened a world-first ultraviolet photobiology research and development centre, based at Massey University in Palmerston North. Although Wargent was unsure exactly where he wanted to end up when he first started BioLumic, he had always hoped the company could become a unicorn – a term for a start-up company worth over $1 billion. Canopy Rivers' investment is part of a total of US$4.2 million (NZ$6.2 million) in funding with contributions from Finistere Ventures, Rabo Ventures, Radicle Seed and New Zealand investors. Canopy Rivers' investment will also be used to fund BioLumic's artificial intelligence programme, expand its overseas trial programme and upgrade security measures at BioLumic's facilities. BioLumic, who has a total of fifteen full-time staff based in New Zealand and overseas, was in the process of applying for a licence to grow cannabis for research and development purposes. https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/112762929/canadian-company-invests-millions-in-kiwi-research-to-improve-cannabis-crops Bongme
  25. Hi First-time cannabis users double in Canada The number of first-time cannabis users in Canada has almost doubled since the drug was legalised in October. A national survey by Statistics Canada found 646,000 people had tried the drug for the first time between January and March this year, compared to 327,000 in the same period last year. Mary Brett, of campaign group Cannabis Skunk Sense, said the results were “utterly predictable” and described the move as going down “a very dangerous path”. First-time users The survey also revealed that 18 per cent, 5.3 million, of Canadians aged 15 and above had used cannabis in the last three months – up four percent since the drug was legalised. In addition, former cannabis users admitted to trying the drug again post-legalisation. Michelle Rotermann, senior analyst on Statistics Canada’s health analysis division, said one of the unique things about this research “is the number of respondents who said they’re using for the first time. “So they started, in this case, in the post-legalisation period.” ‘Resist’ Speaking about the UK, Craig Mackinlay MP said: “The more evidence I hear about the ill-effects of cannabis use, the more convinced I am that we must resist at every stage any back-pedalling on our own rules.” Brett also added: “The findings of the survey in Canada are utterly predictable – when you take the brakes off, use of cannabis will spiral.” https://www.christian.org.uk/news/first-time-cannabis-users-double-in-canada/ Bongme