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Found 10 results

  1. Hi Governments take alcohol too lightly while banning dagga Psychiatrist and world-renowned drug expert Professor David Nutt‚ under cross-examination‚ said the alcohol industry is too powerful worldwide and prevents governments from not doing enough to mitigate the harmful effects of alcohol. Nutt was testifying on Tuesday in the so-called dagga couple's trial. The couple‚ Jules Stobbs and Myrtle Clarke‚ have asked the court to find the laws preventing the adult use and sale of dagga unconstitutional. Their case argues that jailing users of dagga is disproportionate to its harmful effects and it is irrational to ban dagga when alcohol is far more harmful and is not prohibited. Nutt faced tough cross examination from state advocate Bogosi Bokaba SC‚ who asked him repeated questions on the same topics and even reprimanded him for laughing at a misunderstanding. Bokaba asked Nutt repeatedly if he said that dagga should be legal because it was less harmful than alcohol. Bokaba said: "So you are emphatic that cannabis be legalised simply because it is less harmful than alcohol." Nutt agreed. He was heavily critical of the fact that the South African government allowed alcohol to be advertised. Nutt: "It is morally very contentious for a state to control a drug [dagga] that is less harmful than a drug it actively promotes - alcohol." Nutt added: "A state that not only allows and promotes alcohol has a moral obligation to allow people a safer alternative [dagga] (for relaxation)." Nutt said cities with people using cannabis and others using alcohol like Amsterdam were much more pleasant on the weekend‚ than places like Bristol in the UK where alcohol use and violence was far heavier. He has argued in testimony that science shows alcohol is comparatively more harmful than dagga in terms of its links to crime‚ violence and reckless driving. Using scientific evidence he has argued that alcohol damages the brain‚ where the evidence showing dagga does is weak. Alcohol leads to far more deaths in the UK. A deadly dose of dagga is 100 times that of what a person would normally use‚ he said‚ but a deadly or damaging dose of alcohol can be twice one's normal intake. Bokaba also kept asking him to confirm that he wanted dagga to be legalised. Nutt said yes. Nutt: "I am very much against criminal sanctions to punish people for using this drug. It is inappropriate to its known harms." The state then implied Nutt said dagga had no harmful effects. Bokaba said: "Can you say categorically cannabis is not a harmful drug?” Nutt disagreed: "I have said all along it is harmful‚ but the ban is disproportionate to its harms." Nutt: "I am for reducing all harms of drugs but the prohibition of dagga does not reduce its harms and it is unjust." Nutt explained that evidence shows a "regulated legal dagga market breaks the black market". His testimony has focused on the fact that when Dutch people provided dagga legally to young people‚ the dagga users did not come into contact with drug dealers who incentivise the use of harder more addictive drugs. He explained that the Dutch "experiment" showed by providing dagga legally‚ they have a far lower rate of heroin use than in places where buyers of dagga meet drug dealers. Bokaba insinuated that Nutt had said HIV was prevented by dagga. Nutt laughed at the misunderstanding at which point Bokaba was angered "It is not a laughing matter." Bokaba said the HIV epidemic in South Africa was serious. Nutt said "in no way” he thought dagga prevented or cured any disease. "Cannabis can be used for symptomatic management." https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/south-africa/2017-08-09-governments-take-alcohol-too-lightly-while-banning-dagga/ Bongme
  2. Hi A new form of marijuana is slowly wreaking havoc in Nigeria's cities The artificial variant of marijuana, also called "Black Mamba", has been reported to cause mental episodes, hallucinations, convulsions, kidney failure and a ‘zombie-like’ state of intoxication that can lead to death. There’s a new drug on the streets of Lagos. Most users prefer to smoke it, usually mixed with high-grade marijuana and rolled up in papers like tobacco and weed. Although it can come in almost any color, the backroom chemists who make it often use dried herbs or lawn clippings to make sure it looks closely like the real stuff, so it often appears something between a deep shade of green and damp brown. In the real sense, it looks a lot like marijuana, but it’s the farthest thing from marijuana that you’ve ever heard of. It is widely reported that, beneath the surface of daily activity, Nigeria is on the cusp of a major drug problem. The aggressive emergence of a culture of casual drug use has been supported by the presence of players at every major level of the drug chain. On one hand, production is high as ever, even as makers of amphetamine have been discovered in Lagos and Rivers. Nigeria’s status as a transit country is also not in question; since the early years of military rule, large amounts of cocaine have been funneled through the country under various guises. And now, while the consumption of drugs like marijuana and opioids like Codeine and Tramadol has reached an alarming rate, a new, unfriendly substance is causing convulsions, kidney failure and a ‘zombie-like’ state of intoxication that can lead to death. Synthetic marijuana, like the name suggests, is a collection of man-made chemicals that mimic the effect of marijuana and are sprayed on dried herbs or similar substances, wrapped in brightly colored packs and sold as an alternative to marijuana that is both ‘legal’ and more potent. In the United States and the UK, it is sold under three major brand names; "Spice", "K2" and "Black Mamba", for as low as $1 per bag. This is key because it puts it in the ballpark of the most susceptible; the homeless, poor and young students. In many ways, this affordability is a major reason why the use of the drug is spreading rapidly in areas like Lagos, Port-Harcourt, and Abuja. But aside that, many other factors, like easy access, are contributing their quota. Synthetic marijuana is relatively new in Nigeria, so the sale and use are not as ‘elaborate’ as it is on the other side. It is mostly sold in head-shops here, small outfits that sell accessories used for the consumption of cannabis and tobacco, as well as items that form part of that culture, like weed-branded shirts and Bob Marley bandannas. Outfits like this are scattered around Lagos and Victoria Islands. There are also reports that it is sold by dealers of more expensive strains of marijuana and designer drugs in the highbrow areas of Lagos. Synthetic marijuana is sold in small quantities for a little as 2,000 naira and as much as 10, 000 naira, depending on the size of the bag and where it is bought. The substance itself is sealed tight in small, shiny bags about the size of a sugar or tea bag with the brand name written across it. On the streets where this drug is slowly claiming victims, the tags vary; ‘Colorado’, ‘Black Mamba’, ‘Lamba’ (when mixed with Loud, a highly potent strain of marijuana), ‘Happy Boy’ or ‘Scooby Snax’. The names are admittedly more colorful than you’d expect; what the packs contain is anything but. Most of the clamor against synthetic weed has been made by people who have either experimented with the drug, or have seen its effects on frequent, and even first-time users. And as more people come in contact with the drug, the numbers are rising and the voices are getting louder. On social media website, Twitter, a user @sofireginald recounted her experience with the drug in a series of tweets. Some of her friends had ‘tried’ the drug and, despite diluting it with large amounts of tobacco, what they got was nowhere near the pleasurable high they were hoping for; according to her tweets, one of them had gone completely deaf for three days, another went so mental that she was held in medical care for three weeks… and counting. Apparently alarmed by these experiences, she advised users to stay away from "Colorado or comorado or whatever name you people have coined for it" One of her tweets read, “I’ve seen people cry, convulse, take off their clothes and do other weird shit. You can actually go insane. It’s not remotely healthy.” Segun (not real name) agrees that synthetic marijuana is very dangerous; he also thinks that it is difficult to explain the true extent of its danger to people who have never tried it or seen it at work. Segun is an avid marijuana user; he has smoked at least a blunt a day, consistently, for over 3 years. One day, while driving home after work, a friend showed him a half-rolled blunt that he had gotten from another friend earlier that day; just two hits had “fucked him up”, but for some reason, he felt he was overreacting. This friend offered the mystery blunt to Segun and another colleague who was on the ride; ever the adventurous smokers, but unwilling to take too much of a risk, they took 3 light ‘drags’ each. What came immediately after was an intense, harsh high, and a comedown made in hell. “I don’t know how to describe it. At first, I was feeling these strange sensations at the back of my head and my shoulders.”, Segun recounts. “My right leg, it felt almost detached. It felt like if it stayed still for long, it would feel like it was not there any more” “I could only think about one particular thing at a time. My thought process was limited to handling the steering and using the brake. I had no idea where I was driving to, or where I was.” “I couldn’t just remember. It was as if something crazy would happen if I tried to think of anything else. All I could do was drive and say guy (when my friends talked to me)", he said. “I had to increase the volume of the music to avoid falling into this place that the drug was taking me to” “When I got home, I ate and bragged a lot about the high, then I blacked out. I don’t remember these things happening. I can only tell you because I was told”, Segun adds. He is one of the lucky people. There have been reports of people having worse highs while on synthetic weed, sometimes inflicting self harm. In one case, a user jumped off a ledge, broke his leg and carried on, completely oblivious to what had happened and the broken leg he was trying to stand on. For all the novelty of these accounts, you will be mistaken to assume that they are isolated events. In recent weeks, various people have reported seeing the distinctive colorful packs of ‘Spice’ in different places, from the Afrika Shrine in Ikeja, to Vantage, a hotel, and lounge, in Lekki. In the 1990s, John W. Huffman, a chemist from South Carolina in the United States, began researching artificial ways to replicate cannabinoids, the active chemicals that cause the behavioral and psychoactive changes that we interpret ans being ‘high’. Marijuana was a banned Schedule 1 substance in the United States at the time, and Huffman needed to replicate these chemicals for his research on the health effects of marijuana while avoiding the implications of experimenting with a banned substance. He found some success years after; one of the compounds he developed replicated the desired effects and was shown to help reduce skin cancer and brain tumors in lab mice. Huffman published his findings in the mid-2000s, complete with instructions on how to re-create the chemical compound he had developed that he said could be followed by a “halfway decent undergraduate chemistry major in three steps” using materials that can be purchased by just about anyone. Needless to say, there were more than enough capable chemistry graduates at the time. In the years that followed, manufacturers created it in large quantities and began to sell it in head shops, packaged as air fresheners, aromatic leaves or potpourri. Most experts agree that Spice was first sold as a recreational drug in the UK in 2004. Huffman’s original compound was the product of years of rigorous research and had been fine-tuned to achieve as little harm as possible, but even at that, it was extremely dangerous. In time, cities around the US became aware of the health and social risks that it posed. Between 2014 and 2015, New York and other states banned the substance out-rightly. The manufacturers responded in the most unexpected way. The original anti-spice laws only recognized the class of compounds close to Huffman’s original template; so the manufacturers set about using it to create their own chemical compounds that could replicate marijuana and evade the laws. As new laws are created in Europe and the United States to tackle the production of spice, the manufacturers have become more experimental, pushing the boundaries and creating new chemicals that they do not totally understand. It is why, regardless of the ‘ingredients’ listed on the packaging, no-one ever really knows what is in a spice blunt. Not even the manufacturers themselves. What they have managed to create is a concoction of random chemicals that can take a user to the fringes of insanity and, as in a case where 33 people were rushed to the hospital in July 2016, turn them into living, breathing ‘zombies’. It then begs the question: What makes a person want to be so high that they use a drug that rids them of control of the mind and body? Most users of synthetic marijuana hardly ever regain their consciousness enough to recount their experience in useful detail; but among those who have ‘tried’ the drug, a number have lived to tell the tale. They describe the feeling of being high on synthetic weed as something entirely different from regular, natural marijuana. While regular weed gives a feeling of light euphoria, drowsiness, increased sensory awareness (and paranoia among new users), this synthetic high is something between extreme paranoia and a deep, aggressively overwhelming trance. Users begin to act erratically almost immediately after smoking spice. Even where two individuals use the same batch, their reactions can be completely different. Some users are so bemused that they break into spontaneous, intense laughter, others become severely anxious and paranoid that they literally withdraw into themselves and become hostile at any attempt to make contact or have a conversation. Either way, they enter a world of their own, one where the norms and behavior of sobriety are inaccessible, to put it lightly. In many ways, it is the case with all forms of recreational drug use and it's eventual, usually unavoidable abuse. Most drug users do so for the euphoria, mental liberty and the feeling of detachment that can come with being high. In this sense, it is a journey between two extremes; release, euphoria, and weightlessness on one hand and the reality of daily life and its momentary worries on the other. Users of synthetic marijuana are simply more willing, usually by reason of circumstance or sheer misdirected curiosity, to explore the former extreme to its farthest ends; what they find is usually a chaotic inverse that one can hardly emerge from without any harm. The compounds that make up synthetic marijuana were never meant to be inside the human body. When they are, the damage they cause is immense. “Some of the short term effects on the mind include but aren’t limited to; unresponsiveness, loss of consciousness, confusion, altered time sense, extreme anxiety, panic attacks, severe paranoia, delusions, hallucinations, psychosis and potential suicide”, says Victor Ugo, a medical doctor who is the founder of Mentally Aware Initiative, a mental health advocacy program based in Lagos, Nigeria. In cities like New York and London where spice is already a major problem, they are entire groups of the homeless, poor, delinquent and wanderers who use the drug in groups during smoking sessions in not-so-secluded places. Locals call them “zombies”. The name comes from the ‘zombie-like’ state they enter after using the drug, where they seem to lose all capacity to understand, process information and make decisions. In extreme cases, ‘zombies’ can black out and become almost motionless, falling over whatever is in sight when the high takes effect. It can take days or weeks for a user to feel completely rid of the feeling. When they regain consciousness, there is usually no memory of these events. With some medical help and abstinence, recovery can happen at a much quicker pace but, even in the case of a first time user, the drug usually causes permanent damage to brain cells and long-term behavioral changes. It is not that easy to escape the effects of synthetic marijuana on the body’s anatomy. According to Ugo, “from medical analyses, it has been found that the active ingredients are dangerous and toxic”. “The drug has severe short and long term effects of the human body, with no limit to which vital organ it affects.”, he adds. Short term use can cause “nausea and vomiting, heavy sweating, uncontrolled/spastic body movements, acute kidney injury, rapid heart rate, high blood pressure and reduced blood supply to the heart”. Long-term users face health risks that are far worse and can be, in extreme cases, terminal. “Unlike the non-synthetic Marijuana which isn’t known to be addictive, synthetic Marijuana can be addictive”, Ugo says. “It can lead to withdrawal symptoms which include craving, nightmares, heavy sweating, nausea, tremors, headaches, extreme tiredness, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, problems thinking clearly and neglect of other interests or duties.” “After repeated use of the drug, users can experience forgetfulness and confusion. We’ve at times heard of and read about users/addicts experiencing paralysis”, he continues. Beyond these health concerns, there is also the social implication of dealing with such an addictive drug that is mostly used by the youth and individuals on the fringes of society. Factors like these have pushed governments in countries most hit by synthetic marijuana to educate the population, enact legislation and provide intensive rehabilitation in a bid to defeat what is fast becoming an epidemic. The reverse is the case in Nigeria. Despite reports of overdoses, insanity and organ failure caused by synthetic marijuana in recent months, Nigeria’s drug agencies are yet to even show any signs that they are even aware of the drug’s existence. For now, the full extent of their focus is on often-celebrated cannabis busts that end with press releases and high-definition pictures. (Efforts to reach the Lagos State Command of the Nigerian Police Force were not responded to) As they tackle a rapidly emerging epidemic, countries in the West have considered and explored many routes to get synthetic marijuana off their streets. In the UK, stringent laws have been enacted to discourage the production, sale, and use of synthetic marijuana. The United States’ approach to solving this problem has involved similar stringent laws, but also a trend where states have legalized medical and recreational marijuana at various levels. While this approach is as liberal as it gets, there are some who feel it is not liberal enough. In the alternative, certain individuals and pro-Spice groups have called for a more liberal approach to synthetic marijuana around the world. They claim that the original compound that Huffman developed was the product of years of scientific research, and much safer than what is sold today. What they advocate is that the government sponsors research into synthetic marijuana with a view to developing compounds that are safer to consume. Regardless of the many differing opinions, one thing is certain, that more people need to be educated on the perils of using and selling synthetic marijuana. Unlike regular marijuana, synthetic marijuana is hardly stored in bulk or sold in dark dens under the bridge, so law enforcement agents must drop their usual model of random raids for an approach that relies more on community policing and coordinated investigations. Anti-Spice laws must also be created, with heavy sanctions for those who violate its provisions. In all fairness, the spread of synthetic marijuana has come faster than was first feared, but the dangers that it poses demand that efforts against it move even quicker. Today, it’s just a drug that has put a number of people in the hospital, but there's nothing to stop it from becoming a full blown epidemic. http://www.pulse.ng/gist/synthetic-marijuana-black-mamba-a-new-form-of-marijuana-is-slowly-wreaking-havoc-in-nigerias-cities-id7041608.html Bongme
  3. Africa

    Hi 23 Nov 2015 Cannabis goes on trial https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8THgEDh266k Bongme
  4. Hi Woman found with 2.04kg Indian hemp concealed in maggi cubes, says husband is responsible The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), has apprehended a 38-year-old woman, Rashidat Abdulkarim, for attempting to smuggle 2.04kg Indian hemp to South Africa. The hemp was said to have been concealed in cartons of Knorr seasoning cubes. The NDLEA airport commander, Mr. Hamza Umar, said that the Indian hemp was seized at the cargo section of Nigeria Aviation Handling Company. “The seizure was made during routine screening of goods at the cargo section. During a search, 2.04kg of cannabis was found to be concealed in a carton of Knor Maggi seasoning.” “Other items in the luggage were local textiles and herbal medicines. The consignor was immediately arrested following the discovery of the cannabis,” Umar said. According to a statement by NDLEA spokesperson, Mr. Mitchell Ofoyeju, during investigation, Rashidat accused her husband who lives in South Africa of implicating her. Reports say the suspect, mother of three, sells female shoes and hand bags. She expressed shock over the claims that cannabis was found in the consignment sent to her by the husband. “I am in shock and pain that my husband is behind my problem. My husband sent N28, 000 to me to buy locally made textiles. He also told me that one man will bring food seasoning and herbal medicines to me. “I bought the textiles and added it to the seasoning the man bought. On getting to the airport, drug was found inside the carton of seasoning. I am so sad and disappointed,” Rashidat said. The Lagos state indigene speaking further, said, “I struggle to fend for myself and my three children. My eldest child is only thirteen years. Even before my husband travelled to South Africa, he left me with the upkeep of the family. I have suffered so much financial neglect. “I have never smuggled drugs in my life. He has done the worst,” she sobbed. NDLEA Chairman, Ahmadu Giade, has promised to carry out detailed investigation, adding that any other person involved would be arrested and prosecuted. http://www.gbooza.com/group/narcotic/forum/topics/woman-found-with-2-04kg-indian-hemp-concealed-in-maggi-cubes-says?xg_source=activity Bongme
  5. Hi President Mahama’s challenger promises to legalise export of cannabis A member of the ruling National Democratic Congress (NDC), Mr. George Boateng, has declared his intention to contest against President John Dramani Mahama in the party’s primary to enable him lead the party in the December 2016 elections, with a promise to legalise the cultivation and sale of cannabis in Ghana. Speaking on Okay FM programme, a local radio station in Accra, Boateng said he would ensure that the legislation was put in place to ensure that Ghanaians can venture into cultivation of cannabis to enable them to export them without being arrested. “It would be a great source of income for the nation. Countries such as Holland and Suriname for instance need these herbs for the production of drugs and Ghana can be their source of supply,” he said. Mr. Boateng again pledged to lead the ruling party when given the mandate to make agriculture the mainstay of the economy to save the nation from rising inflation due to over reliance on foreign imports. He also promised to change the name of the country from “Ghana” to “Gold Coast” and promulgate a new law to extend the authority of the rent control department in Ghana. Signature : APA Copyright : © APA http://en.starafrica.com/news/president-mahamas-challenger-promises-to-legalise-export-of-cannabis.html Bongme
  6. Hi Is South Africa Headed Toward Legalized Marijuana? In 2014, a member of the South African Parliament named Mario Oriani-Ambrosini proposed the Medical Innovation Bill. This law would legalize the commercial, industrial, and medical applications of dagga, the local term for cannabis. Oriani-Ambrosini died of cancer, but his bill lives on in the Parliament’s Health Committee, where members of the Inkatha Freedom Party are asking that the commercial and industrial regulations be deleted so the bill focuses only on medical marijuana. The Inkatha Freedom Party is a minor party that collected just 2.4 percent of the vote in the 2014 elections, holding just 10 of the 400 seats in a Parliament governed by the African National Congress with 249 seats. The next leading party, the Democratic Alliance with 89 seats, has also called for a medical-only bill. Its health minister, Wilmot James, has called the current bill “over-reaching.” Though Oriani-Ambrosini said he lived longer than predicted thanks to cannabis treatments he received and was a close friend, James counseled members of parliament to “leave emotion aside and consider the bill rationally,” according to South Africa Business Daily. David Bayever, deputy chairman for the South African Central Drug Authority, testified to the Health Committee that dagga use is unhealthy and leads to respiratory, cardiovascular, mental, and cognitive disorders. He concluded that more research on cannabis was necessary before moving forward. The South African Medical Research Council weighed in on the bill back in May, saying that “the issue of medical cannabis should be separated from legalization of cannabis.” The bill itself is very short. Unlike American medical marijuana laws (except California’s), it allows for the use of dagga for the treatments of “a medical condition which, if not cured, may cause the patient’s death or severe impairment to his or her medical condition or quality of life.” The medical aspect calls for the establishment of one of more health service providers to provide cannabis treatments. The bill also states that “no one shall be liable or guilty of any offense for growing, processing, distributing, using, prescribing, advertising or otherwise dealing with or promoting cannabinoids for purposes of [medical] treatment.” http://afkinsider.com/102195/is-south-africa-headed-toward-legalized-marijuana/ Bongme
  7. Hi S.African lawmaker who backed cannabis for medical use dies Johannesburg (AFP) - A South African opposition lawmaker who had called for the legalisation of cannabis for medical use died Saturday after a battle with lung cancer, his party said. Mario Oriani-Ambrosini, a member of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), had opted for alternative treatment for the disease instead of chemotherapy after his diagnosis over a year ago. "Since day one. when diagnosed with terminal cancer without any previous symptoms, he decided on his course of treatment and adjusted it according to his own research, studies and experimentations," the IFP said in a statement. "He remained true to his own character, right up to the end." A lawyer-turned-politician of Italian descent, Oriani-Ambrosini was born in Rome in 1960, before moving to South Africa as an adult. He became involved in the drawing up of the country's constitution after the end of apartheid in 1994, and also acted as advisor to IFP leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi in the decade to 2004. In February, he submitted draft legislation calling for the legalisation of marijuana. South African President Jacob Zuma promised to ask the health minister to look into the matter. After news of his death spread on Saturday, the ruling African National Congress described him as a "valiant fighter" for individual rights, including the right "to choose marijuana for medical reasons". http://news.yahoo.com/african-lawmaker-backed-cannabis-medical-dies-194609175.html 2 Comments Bongme
  8. Hi West Africa should decriminalise drugs – Obasanjo commission Thursday 12th June , 2014 Low-level drug offences should be decriminalised in West Africa, according to a high-level report. The West Africa Commission on Drugs says drug cartels are undermining the region by using it to transit cocaine. The commission, headed by former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, says the cartels should be tackled but that punishing the personal use of drugs does not work. It argues that current policies incite corruption and provoke violence. Drug trafficking and consumption have become major issues in West Africa since the turn of the century. Efforts around this time to stem the flow of cocaine from the producing countries of Latin America to consumers in the US and Europe led criminals to target West Africa as a new route. Dramatic events like the crash landing of a Boeing 727 full of cocaine in Mali in 2009 have alerted the authorities to the problem. The new report, commissioned by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, estimates that the annual trade in cocaine alone through West Africa is now worth $1.25bn (£744m) – more than the total of foreign direct investment in the region. Although drug trafficking and consumption are not new to the region – cannabis smoking there, for example, has traditionally been more widespread than in most parts of the world – the advent of harder drugs like cocaine and amphetamines is. Pre-trial detention delays Most West African countries have tough laws criminalising all aspects of drug use In some cases, prison sentences of 10 to 15 years are given for possession of drugs for personal use. But in countries where court proceedings are slow, the commission’s report says, people end up spending long periods in pre-trial detention and are sometimes only released after paying a bribe. This, the report says, encourages corruption and does the prisoners more harm than good. In Guinea, drug offences can be punished by a fine or imprisonment. This means that the better-off drug traffickers escape by paying up – often corrupting officials in the process – while more vulnerable drug users who cannot afford fines face appalling conditions in jail. Guinea-Bissau, where these packets of cocaine were seized, is a notorious trafficking route Mr Obasanjo and his colleagues argue that drug use should be regarded primarily as a public health issue. “Drug users need help, not punishment,” the report says. “We abhor the traffickers and their accomplices, who must face the full force of the law. “But the law should not be applied disproportionately to the poor, the uneducated and the vulnerable, while the powerful and the well-connected slip through the enforcement net.” One of the consequences of the widespread criminalisation of drug use is a bloated prison population, with inmates who are rarely reformed and in many cases end up more criminalised or sick as a result of their time incarcerated. The report says that those involved in drug trafficking should still face the full force of the law The report says its recommendations on decriminalisation were partly inspired by the work of the Organisation of American States which last year floated the idea of reducing sentences, particularly for use of cannabis. In the last decade countries as diverse as Armenia, Mexico and Switzerland have adopted some form of decriminalisation, the commission points out. “West Africa would remove a huge weight from an already overburdened criminal justice system if it were to decriminalise drug use and possession, expand health and social services for those with problematic use, and expend greater efforts on pursuing traffickers,” the report concludes. As well as Mr Obasanjo, contributors include Senegalese psychiatrist, Idrissa Ba, retired Sierra Leonean judge Justice Bankole-Thompson and Malian singer Oumou Sangare. Source: BBC http://www.citifmonline.com/2014/06/12/west-africa-should-decriminalise-drugs-obasanjo-commission/ More Photos on Link Bongme
  9. Power Africa 3 FT

    From the album Power Africa Grow

    Power Africa 3FT 02/12/13
  10. Power Africa 3FT

    From the album Power Africa Grow

    Power Africa at 3ft 2/12/13