Welcome to UK420

Register now to gain access to all of our features. Once registered and logged in, you will be able to contribute to this site by submitting your own content or replying to existing content. You'll be able to customize your profile, receive reputation points as a reward for submitting content, while also communicating with other members via your own private inbox, plus much more!

This message will be removed once you have signed in.


Search the Community: Showing results for tags 'UK'.



More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


Forums

  • Welcome to UK420
    • New Members
    • Announcements
  • Cultivation
    • Strain Base
    • Breeders Help Desks
    • Compost and Pots
    • Hydroponics
    • Outdoor Growing
    • Propagation, Cloning and Mother Plants
    • Auto Flowering
    • Growroom Design
    • Problem Solver
    • Harvesting and Processing
    • Grow Diaries
    • Cream Of The Crop
  • Cannabis Culture
    • News, Views and Politics
    • Medicinal Cannabis
    • Smokers Lounge
    • Uk420 Competitions
  • Sponsor Support
    • One Tree Horticulture
    • Vapefiend - The Vaporizer Specialists

Calendars

  • Community Calendar

Found 7,575 results

  1. ‘Rare’ case where court believed Sutton man’s reasons for growing cannabis A Sutton man who grew cannabis in his loft to tackle his back and shoulder pain has been ordered to carry out unpaid work, a court has heard. Police called at Adam Varnham's home on Coronation Street, on June 14, last year, following a tip-off, said prosecutor Ravinder Singh. Officers found 38 plants of the class B drug in his loft, along with associated equipment. "He explained he uses it to manage pain and it was solely for his own use,” she said. “He had no intention to pass it on. He was paying for the electricity he was using." Probation officer Rachel Gosden said Varnham has problems with his back and shoulder, and also uses prescribed cannabis in the evenings. She said she was 'conscious that she hasn't come across a case like this before' and said the unpaid work order she recommended could always be amended later if it is unsuitable because of his health issues. Bianca Brasoveanu, mitigating, said she had nothing to add. Varnham, aged 34, admitted producing cannabis when he appeared at Nottingham Magistrates Court, on April 20. At Nottingham Crown Court, on Wednesday, Judge Simon Mayo QC told him: “Yours is one of the rare cases of a cannabis grow where it has been accepted by the Crown that it was for your own use rather than for commerical gain. "If it wasn't you would be going inside.” He said Varnham has some previous convictions, but nothing recent or relevant. The judge imposed a 12-month community order, with up to 120 hours of unpaid work, and ordered the forfeiture and destruction of the drugs and equipment. https://www.chad.co.uk/news/crime/rare-case-where-court-believed-sutton-mans-reasons-for-growing-cannabis-3699852
  2. hi Ten puppies perish in flat blaze as cannabis farm found POLICE are looking for the owner of ten puppies and two dogs who died in a flat fire. The blaze broke out in a flat in Leigh, Greater Manchester. Firefighters, paramedics and police scrambled to the scene on Chapel Street. A Greater Manchester police spokesperson confirmed that 12 dogs died in the incident. Police also found a small cannabis farm within the flat. No arrests have been made at present, reports Manchester Evening News. Two people from neighbouring properties were treated at the scene by paramedics for smoke inhalation. An investigation into the blaze is ongoing. Chapel Street was closed off for several hours yesterday as emergency services responded to the flames. The road was shut off between Warrington Road and Astley Street. A fire scene investigation van was pictured at the scene, as well as several other fire response vehicles. In a statement, a GMP spokesperson said: "Officers were called just after 9am on Sunday 22 May to reports of fire involving a property on Chapel Street, Leigh. "Two people from neighbouring properties were treated at the scene by NWAS for smoke inhalation. "Sadly, 12 dogs, including 10 puppies, died as a result of the fire and efforts are ongoing to find the owner. "A small cannabis farm was found in the flat - enquiries are ongoing and no arrests have been made." In a statement issued yesterday, a spokesperson for the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service said: "Just after 9am this morning (Sunday 22 May) firefighters were called to reports of fire involving a property on Chapel Street, Leigh. "Fire crews from Atherton, Agecroft, Eccles, Farnworth, Hindley, and Rochdale arrived quickly at the scene. "Fire crews wearing breathing apparatus, and using three hose reels and other specialist equipment, worked hard to extinguish the fire and escorted two casualties from a neighbouring property to safety. "GMFRS were in attendance for just over four hours." https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/1614530/12-dogs-die-cannabis-farm-flat-fire Bongme
  3. PC hit by fleeing van in St Helens while retrieving bag of cannabis A PC has been injured after being "dragged along" by a van as he tried to speak to its occupants. Merseyside Police said the officer was retrieving a cannabis-filled backpack which was left on Hewitt Avenue in St Helens at about 20:15 BST on Tuesday. The force said he approached a nearby Ford Transit, which struck him and drove off at speed. Two men, aged 26 and 30, from Rochdale were arrested on suspicion of causing grievous bodily harm with intent. The 30-year-old was also held on suspicion of possession with intent to supply cocaine and cannabis. A force spokesman said the officer was undergoing surgery after suffering a dislocated shoulder and fractured wrist and was in a stable condition in hospital. The PC had approached the white van in order to search it because its "occupants were acting suspiciously", he added. Ass Ch Con Paul White said as the PC "has leant in, the driver has driven away so the officer has been dragged a short distance". He thanked residents who came to the aid of the officer, saying: "We can't thank the public enough". A short time after, it was reported that "two men were running from a van into fields" near the A580 East Lancashire Road and had "discarded a bag", police said. The bag and a vehicle, which had been left on Ecclesfield Road and near to where the men were seen, were recovered for forensic examination. Appealing for witnesses, Ch Insp Jim Wilde said his officers "fearlessly put themselves in harm's way" every day. "They do so willingly, because they have joined the police service to protect people and keep Merseyside safe," he said. "Sadly, this evening our officer's dedication has come at a great cost to himself. "Thankfully, he is now receiving the care and treatment he needs, and everyone at Merseyside Police wishes him well." https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-merseyside-61489951
  4. hi Police chief suggests review into decriminalising drugs Dyfed-Powys Police’s chief constable said use of drugs should be seen as a public health problem rather than a criminal justice problem A police chief has called on the government to look at the evidence around decriminalising drugs amid a rise in deaths. Dyfed-Powys Police’s chief constable Richard Lewis said the issue should be seen as a public health problem rather than a criminal justice problem. It comes after Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, faced backlash when he announced plans for a commission to consider decriminalising cannabis after visiting a “fascinating” marijuana farm in the United States. Mr Lewis told the BBC it was “important that we do take evidence from other countries” to inform domestic policy. “I think we can have a public health approach to those that suffer from drug use, those that are addicts, and we can have a criminal justice response to those that peddle drugs in our communities,” he added. He said that “despite some notable successes in terms of seizures, we still see those drugs on our streets”. “I asked one heroin addict: ‘As soon as we take your dealer out how soon is it before you are able to access drugs?’ and he said: ‘The same day’. “If we keep doing things in the way that we have for the last 50 years... we will achieve the same results and deaths will continue to rise.” Mr Khan last week put himself on a collision course with the Labour leadership as he announced that Lord Falconer, a former justice secretary, would chair the first London drugs commission to assess the effectiveness of enforcement. During a visit to the Traditional Cannabis Dispensary and Cultivation Centre in Los Angeles, he said an “honest, open” conversation was needed about UK cannabis laws. “Hearing from those who cultivate and grow this plant has been fascinating,” Mr Khan added. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2022/05/15/police-chief-suggests-review-decriminalising-drugs/ Bongme
  5. hi Legalising cannabis won’t tackle disproportionate policing outcomes for ethnic minorities, crime minister says The policing and crime minister rejected Sadiq Khan’s cannabis review as a possible measure to reduce inequalities Legalising cannabis won't tackle disproportionate policing outcomes for ethnic minorities but the issue does need to be tackled, the crime minister says. Sadiq Khan announced this week a review into cannabis legalisation, a measure charities have said could tackle racial inequalities in the criminal justice system which sees Black offenders 1.4 times more likely to be jailed for drug offences compared to their white counterparts. Although policing and crime minister, Kit Malthouse, strongly opposed the London Mayor's review he said the government does need to address inequality within police outcomes for ethnic groups. https://www.independent.co.uk/independentpremium/uk-news/policing-cannabis-ethnic-minorities-kit-malthouse-b2083191.html Bongme
  6. hi Decriminalisation queried as Khan praises ‘high standards’ of legal US cannabis Sadiq Khan also met with James Corden and Richard Curtis during his time in Los Angeles. The Mayor of London has praised the “high standards” of legalised cannabis farms in the US, as he announced the formation of a new group to consider the decriminalisation of the drug in Britain. Sadiq Khan said former justice secretary Lord Charlie Falconer QC will be the chair of the first London Drugs Commission, which will assess the effectiveness of UK drug laws. It comes as Mr Khan continued his four-day tour of the US, which has included visits to New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles and saw him chat with late-night TV host James Corden and Love Actually director Richard Curtis on Wednesday evening. Hearing from those who cultivate and grow this plant has been fascinating’, Sadiq Khan said in California (Stefan Rousseau/PA) Speaking at the Traditional cannabis dispensary and cultivation centre in downtown LA, Mr Khan told the PA news agency that an “honest, open” conversation was needed about UK cannabis laws, adding that visiting the facility had been “fascinating”. “We need to have an honest, open conversation about the evidence in relation to the history of cannabis and our laws in the UK and our experience of the health consequences in relation to crime and the community,” he said. “You can hear from the experts, that’s one thing, but seeing it for yourself … hearing from those who cultivate and grow this plant has been fascinating.” On his opinion of the facility, he continued: “(It) is quite clearly heavily regulated, there are really high standards, no corners are being cut, they’re readily inspected by the city, by the experts. “It’s important to see for ourselves what the parallel world of legalised cannabis looks like as a compare and contrast. Mr Khan later visited Gorrila RX Wellness shop in the Crenshaw area of the city, which stocks 1,900 brands of cannabis-related products including beverages, edibles and coffee beans. Kika Keith, owner of the shop, said the decriminalisation of cannabis in the UK would “tremendously help” London’s black community. “The people of colour in London should have opportunities to learn about the workforce opportunities, the entrepreneurship … it should really be a diversified industry,” she told PA. “It gives us opportunities for ownership and … it’s a real opportunity to build communities if we do it in the right way.” The mayor’s visits form part of a “fact-finding mission” to investigate an international evidence-based approach to reducing drug-related harm in the capital. LA decriminalised cannabis in 2016 after which arrests related to the drug in California dropped by 56%. Cannabis is currently classed as a class B drug, with a maximum sentence of five years in prison for possession. University College London has been appointed to provide world-class evidence-based research and assessment to the Commission on the criminal justice, health and economic implications for any potential change in policy. Mr Khan said Lord Falconer would bring “decades of experience” to the role as head of the body and that more needed to be done to tackle the “epidemic” caused by the illegal drug trade. “It is a real opportunity for there to be a thorough look at the effectiveness of our drugs laws and policy on cannabis. “We need rigorously to identify what is the best approach to reduce harm to our communities. A national debate is long overdue. “We aim to make recommendations to bring about effective and lasting change.” https://guernseypress.com/news/uk-news/2022/05/12/decriminalisation-queried-as-khan-praises-high-standards-of-legal-us-cannabis/ VID and Photos Bongme
  7. hi Cannabis possession laws should be repealed in a modern, liberal country - GP Taylor There is a middle-aged woman I know who, because of her medical condition could end up with spending five years in jail or being heavily fined. Where doctors have failed to treat her, she has found relief from years of pain and discomfort by taking the leaves of a plant in regulated amounts. That plant is cannabis, a Class B controlled drug that is illegal to cultivate, sell or possess. This puts my friend into a position where she breaks the law, something she has never done before in her life or thought she would ever have to do. Like millions of people around the world, she has tried a trusted method to ease her pain and bring relief by doing what is illegal. Cannabis is taken by over seven million people in the UK alone and it is estimated that at least 1.4 million people turn to the black market to buy cannabis to treat medical conditions. This archaic law turns so many honest people into law breakers. The Social Market Foundation (SMF) said that the UK’s cannabis laws are “not fit for purpose” and mean that we suffer higher crime and worse health outcomes than would be expected in a modern, liberal country. It also means that the police are locked in a war on drugs, a war that they lost many years ago and has wasted millions in taxpayers’ money. Chief Constable Richard Lewis said he believed drug use should be seen as a public health issue and not a criminal justice problem. It was in 2001 that the Labour Party announced that cannabis in the UK would be downgraded from a Class B drug to Class C. This reduced the penalties for possession and supply. This effectively decriminalised the drug and allowed the police to focus on more serious offences. A 2005 Home Office report estimated that 199,000 police hours were saved as a result. Ridiculously, in 2007, Gordon Brown announced cannabis would once again become a Class B substance. This U-turn went against the advice of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. Reclassification has done nothing to help. People are now consuming stronger and more dangerous cannabis such as skunk on the black market. This market is often controlled by violent criminal gangs. No one can disagree that there is a link between drugs and crime. Now is the time for cannabis to be legalised, supplied by the Government and taxed. This would ensure a regulated supply of good quality cannabis and would take the drugs out of the hands of criminal gangs. It would also bring in much needed taxation. I was surprised that the mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, made cannabis decriminalisation part of his official election campaign in 2021 and said he would review the law if re-elected. A source close to the mayor said, “it will be for the commission to look at the evidence… but nothing is off the table in the context of what is best for public health and keeping Londoners safe”. Recently, Mr Khan visited a cannabis dispensary in Los Angeles and was so impressed that he announced the formation of a new group to look at decriminalising the drug in Britain. Sadly, this statement was attacked by Priti Patel who continues with her crusade against what has been described as middle class drug users. What Patel should keep in mind is that LA decriminalised cannabis in 2016, after that, arrests related to the drug use in California dropped by 56 per cent. I am no fan of Mr Khan, but have to say that the man is right to pursue legalisation not just in London but throughout the country. Businesses in Yorkshire could benefit from such a move with some farmers being able to diversify into cannabis production and entrepreneurs able to set up cannabis related enterprises. The 100-year prohibition has to come to an end and possession decriminalised. Public opinion demands that this out-of- date law be revoked and that people are free to choose for themselves. Politicians like Priti Patel and Keir Starmer are totally out of touch with the will of the people. Their ancient mindset goes against everything I expect living in a free society. People should have a right to decide for themselves what substances they take. After all, alcohol, one of the most dangerous drugs available and responsible for violence, family breakdown and addiction, is readily available in pubs and shops I look forward to the day when cannabis can be safely bought from my local chemist without the need for people to skulk around the back streets looking for a dealer. It is ridiculous that Britain is out of step with the rest of the world. As countries such as America, Holland, Germany, Canada, Uruguay, Mexico, Malta and others allow cannabis use, we do not. In 2025, it will be 100 years since cannabis possession was criminalised. Let us hope that politicians will see sense and allow a legal, regulated and safe supply of a herbal substance that is helping millions of people overcome medical issues and cope with life. https://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/opinion/columnists/cannabis-possession-laws-should-be-repealed-in-a-modern-liberal-country-gp-taylor-3697915 Bongme
  8. hi Mayor appoints drug tsar to examine legalising cannabis Sadiq Khan has appointed Lord Charlie Falconer to lead a London Drugs Commission which will examine the potential benefits of legalising cannabis. The commission will be made up of independent experts in the fields of criminal justice, public health and politics who will examine the effectiveness of UK laws around the Class B drug and the potential for reducing harm among users. University College London (UCL) will lead research for the commission into the health, criminal justice and economic impacts that any change in policy could have. The announcement was made during a visit by the Mayor of London to Los Angeles in California, which legalised cannabis back in 2016. Mr Khan visited a cannabis dispensary where he spoke with retailers, law enforcement and local government officials about the impact that legalisation has had in the US state. Cannabis-related arrests have fallen by 56 per cent in California since the drug became legal in 2016. The Mayor of London said that “we must learn from others when considering our approach” to drug laws and that the new London Drugs Commission – led by Lord Falconer – will make recommendations around cannabis laws “to help tackle drug related crime, protect Londoners’ health and reduce the huge damage that illegal drugs cause to our communities”. Mr Khan said: “I am delighted to announce that Lord Charlie Falconer QC will be the chair of the first-ever London Drugs Commission. As a widely respected QC and former Justice Secretary, Lord Falconer brings decades of experience. “The illegal drugs trade causes huge damage to our society and we need to do more to tackle this epidemic and further the debate around our drugs laws. That’s why I am here today in L.A. to see first-hand the approach they have taken to cannabis.” The establishment of a London Drugs Commission to examine the benefits of legalising cannabis was a key manifesto pledge for Sadiq Khan during last year’s mayoral re-election campaign. In October last year, experts giving testimony to the London Assembly health committee accused City Hall of “dragging its feet” when it comes to tackling drug harm. Experts told the committee that a greater focus was needed on Class A drugs, and that harm reduction methods such as drug consumption rooms and drug checking should be considered in the capital. Green Party Assembly Member Caroline Russell, who was at the time chair of the health committee, on Thursday said that the mayor’s Drugs Commission “completely overlooks the impact of Class A drugs; one of the biggest factors causing drug harm and death”. Ms Russell said: “The mayor’s own announcement says there were 4,561 deaths related to drug poisoning in 2020; refusing to look at Class A drugs means no progress will be made in reducing the health harm and deaths these drugs cause. “I urge the mayor again to act on the recommendations set out in the Assembly’s report Reducing Drug Deaths in London. Measures like overdose prevention rooms, drug testing services, and getting the police to carry life-saving naloxone to combat overdose would reduce the impact of harmful drug use in London and support some of London’s most vulnerable people.” Sadiq Khan has stressed that Class A drugs will not be within the remit of the London Drugs Commission. https://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/20142577.mayor-appoints-drug-tsar-examine-legalising-cannabis/ Bongme
  9. hi Labour 'Not Yet Convinced' Of The Need To Decriminalise Cannabis, Says Ed Miliband The former leader spoke out after Sadiq Khan was hit by a shadow cabinet backlash Labour is “not yet convinced” of the need to decriminalise cannabis, Ed Miliband has said. The former leader - who has previously backed legalisation of the drug - spoke out after a row broke out over Sadiq Khan’s decision to set up a commission to examine the issue. The London mayor announced during a visit to America that former cabinet minister Lord Falconer will chair a commission examining the current laws on cannabis. But that provoked an angry backlash from many shadow cabinet members, including Yvette Cooper and Wes Streeting, who believe it risks making Labour look soft on crime. “Yvette is furious about it,” a Labour source told HuffPost UK. “People are just rolling their eyes because it definitely is not the official party line.” Asked if he would like to see cannabis legalised, Miliband said: “That isn’t Labour’s position, no. “We welcome Sadiq looking at these issues because this debate carries on and should carry on.” He added: “I’ve said in the past that this is something that needs to be looked at, I think you probably know that. “But Labour’s shadow cabinet position, which is a position I support as a member of the shadow cabinet, is that we’re not yet convinced of the case for moving on decriminalisation, but obviously we’ll look at what Lord Faconer’s commission has to say.” During his US trip, the London mayor visited a cannabis dispensary in California — where the drug is legal for medical and recreational use by adults — which he described as “fascinating”. Khan told the BBC: “We need to have an honest, open conversation about the evidence in relation to the history of cannabis and our laws in the UK and our experience of the health consequences in relation to crime and the community. “The best way to do that will be with the drugs commission we’ve now set up. “You can hear from the experts, that’s one thing, but seeing it for yourself ... hearing from those who cultivate and grow this plant has been fascinating.” Home secretary Priti Patel was one of a number of senior Tories who were quick to criticise Khan for his intervention, saying his time would be “better spent focusing on knife and drug crime in London”. “The mayor has no powers to legalise drugs,” she tweeted. “They ruin communities, tear apart families and destroy lives.” https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/ed-miliband-labour-cannabis-decriminalised_uk_6280c8b2e4b0c2dce6511d71 Bongme
  10. hi Cannabis ruins lives and legalising it won’t help he papers last week were filled with photos of Sadiq Khan peering stony-faced at rows of large plants. No, he was not enjoying a surprisingly solemn trip to Kew Gardens — he was visiting a legal cannabis farm in California. The experience has inspired him to announce a new commission tasked with assessing the legal status of cannabis back home. It seems unlikely that anything will come from this. The Home Secretary Priti Patel reminded him that he “has no powers to legalise drugs”, and the Labour Party has distanced themselves from his statements. Nevertheless, Khan has been widely praised as brave and bold by those convinced of the need to legalise cannabis. Possession of cannabis has already been de facto decriminalised in this country. It is rare for police officers to seek out cannabis possession offences — rather, when cannabis is accidentally found during a search, it is typically confiscated and a cannabis warning is issued. I’d be happy to see this formalised, with the possession of small amounts of cannabis made legal. But legalisation of the cannabis industry, as Khan is proposing, is another matter entirely. Industries employ lobbyists and lobbyists are paid to disguise the harmful effects of the products they sell. This has happened many times before. By the early Fifties, the scientific evidence was clear: tobacco was killing people. And yet it would be 20 years until warning signs appeared on the side of cigarette packets sold in the UK. This tardiness was the result of lobbying by the tobacco industry, which opposed health authorities every step of the way. Big Tobacco is already investing in cannabis, with the chief marketing officer for British American Tobacco telling the BBC last year that her organisation predicts a “wave of future growth”. In those American states that have experimented with legalisation, permitting a legal cannabis industry does increase use of the drug, particularly among the heaviest users. Which is bad news for those users’ health and sanity. We know that there are links between heavy cannabis use and, for instance, schizophrenia. We also know that Big Cannabis, if it ever arrives on our shores, will do its very best to push back against efforts to discover and publicise these harmful effects. After all, a profit-making business exists to generate profits. Louise Perry is a New Statesman columnist https://www.standard.co.uk/comment/cannabis-ruins-lives-legalising-sadiq-khan-drugs-b1000244.html Bongme
  11. hi Labour MPs are furious with Sadiq Khan, but his drugs policy could work Keir Starmer himself hasn’t directly commented on Khan’s trip to a Californian cannabis factory, but he made his views clear earlier this year When photos emerged of Sadiq Khan on a legalised cannabis farm in California this week, along with the announcement of a new London Drugs Commission to review UK law, his party’s official response was as terse as it was blunt. “Labour does not support changing the law on drugs,” a spokesperson said. “Drugs policy is not devolved to mayors and under Labour would continue to be set by national Government.” But the unofficial response was much more withering as frontbenchers let rip in a Labour MPs’ private WhatsApp group. “This is going to go down like a bucket of cold sick in my bit of the suburbs just now… Crime up, police numbers still way below where people think they should be, so Labour is going to have a chat about drugs… Inspired,” said Gareth Thomas, the Shadow International Trade minister. Shadow Justice Secretary Steve Reed messaged, “Open goal for Priti…”, as he forwarded a tweet by Priti Patel attacking Khan that declared the Mayor’s time would “be better spent focusing on knife and drug crime in London”. Shadow Health Secretary Wes Streeting added: “Does this make it more or less likely that we win a general election?” The sarcasm didn’t need much de-coding, especially as a quizzical emoji accompanied his message. Keir Starmer himself hasn’t directly commented on Khan’s trip, but he made his views clear earlier this year. At the time, it emerged that the London Mayor was looking at pilot projects in three boroughs in the capital to stop arresting 18-24 year-olds caught in possession of small amounts of cannabis. “I’ve said a number of times and I will say again: I’m not in favour of us changing the law or decriminalisation. I’m very clear about that,” the Labour leader said. However, his critics say that clarity is the very last thing that Starmer has provided on this topic. During a televised leadership debate in 2020, he was asked directly if he would decriminalise cannabis. “I wouldn’t immediately,” he replied. That word “immediately”, naturally, set the hare running that he may at some point go down that road. Just as importantly, Starmer added: “I have supported schemes where cannabis possession, you’re not arrested, you’re not prosecuted for it. And I believe in that.” That sounded exactly like the Khan pilot, which is itself based on similar “Drugs Diversion Pilot” (DDP) projects operated by Thames Valley Police and other forces. The Mayor’s new Commission, which is being chaired by former Justice Secretary Lord Falconer and will work with University College London, aims to gather evidence to inform a serious debate about the UK’s drug laws. It delivers on a manifesto pledge he made last year, allowing him to claim he has an electoral mandate for it. I’m told Khan was particularly struck by conversations he had with a Black owner of a legalised cannabis shop in Los Angeles, who said the Californian approach would “tremendously help” London’s minority ethnic communities and boost their “entrepreneurship”. The tax dollars raised from the US policy are another useful by-product not unnoticed by the Mayor. On many measures, the “war on drugs” has failed as spectacularly in the UK as it has in the US. Since the Misuse of Drugs Act was passed more than 50 years ago, the number of people who have taken illegal drugs has increased to an estimated three million and the number of drug-related deaths is the highest since records began. Courts, already suffering a backlog because of the Covid pandemic, are clogged with drugs cases. There is little evidence that draconian sentences pose any serious deterrent effect. An estimated one third of the prison population is linked to drug-related crime, either through thefts to feed a habit or specific drug offences. The calls for reform are cross-party too. Among the advocates is former Tory leader William Hague, who saw his once “zero tolerance” approach to drugs fall apart when a third of his Shadow Cabinet admitted taking drugs. Hague now backs the model operated by Portugal since 2001, which decriminalised minor drug offences without increasing overall drug use. Shortly before he became an MP, a certain Boris Johnson complained on camera that the Labour Government criminalised recreational cannabis users. “I have some perfectly respectable neighbours – good bourgeois types – who, without giving the game away or naming them, whenever they are sitting in of an evening and have got nothing else to do, they roll up a spliff and quietly smoke it together… and yet they are in breach of the law for what they are doing,” he said. The PM has long since reneged on such views, and Starmer too says the current law is “roughly right”. In fact, some close to the Labour leader say that he’s more than happy to be asked about the drugs issue as it allows him to remind the public of the drugs gangsters he helped lock up as Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP). I’m told that Starmer’s stance is influenced particularly by the mental health impacts of cannabis use and is very wary of anything that would worsen the problem. He went out of his way last year to insert into his party conference speech a new pledge to guarantee mental health treatment within a month for all who need it. Referring to Starmer’s background as a working-class child growing up in Oxted in Surrey, there is also what one ally calls “his small ‘c’ conservatism, his small-town rootedness that knows the public want to tackle the anti-social behaviour that is linked to drugs”. With Labour keen to reassert itself as the party of “law and order”, radical reform seems unlikely. More likely, given Starmer’s belief in “preventive public services”, is a massive injection of public money into better treatment for addicts. Dame Carol Black’s independent review of drugs policy found such health treatment had been cut by 14 per cent since 2014. Although some opinion polls show a majority back the legalisation of cannabis, others suggest there’s a more narrow split. Crucially, the over-65s and over-50s are most resistant to the idea, whereas 60 per cent of 25-49 year-olds support it. Whether Britain can afford to wait for public opinion to shift decisively is a question that neither Starmer nor Johnson want to worry about. The most likely outcome is that Khan’s review of drugs laws will end up being placed quietly in a Whitehall filing cabinet marked “too hot to handle”, with outright legalisation years away. But what may emerge, if the main parties can resist accusing each other of going “soft” on drug crime, is a very British compromise. The current pilot projects don’t require a change in the law, they are simply a change in the practice of the law – where police chiefs decide not to arrest or prosecute cannabis users. A widespread use of such projects, effectively decriminalisation by the back door, would still some political bravery to adopt nationally. When Sadiq Khan runs for Labour leader, as he surely will one day, he’ll have the chance to test whether his party – and the public – really are on board. https://inews.co.uk/opinion/labour-mps-are-furious-with-sadiq-khan-but-his-drugs-policy-could-work-1629862 Bongme
  12. hi Legalising cannabis in Guernsey proposal submitted Guernsey's Health and Social Care Committee has submitted its plan to look at legalising cannabis. The proposal is part of its submission to the Government Work Plan (GWP). The plan sets out the priorities for the States of Guernsey and will be debated in June. Committee President Al Brouard said: "There are very different opinions on this politically, some would like to look at it sooner and some would like to look at it never." Committee for Home Affairs President Rob Prow said he would not support the plans. 'Limited resources' In a letter sent on behalf of his committee members, he wrote: "We feel strongly that its inclusion would be contrary to the spirit of the GWP." Deputy Prow said its inclusion "only raises expectations that change will take place and risks absorbing limited resources". He said the committee was "disappointed" the health committee had not waited for the results of the Non-Punitive Approaches workstream. This is part of work to develop a Justice Framework, which includes reviewing the legal status of cannabis, alternative approaches to drug possession, offender rehabilitation, restorative justice and a criminal sentencing law review. Deputy Neil Inder, Committee for Economic Development President, expressed support for the proposal: "Prohibition has never worked and I've never believed that citizens should be criminalised for small amounts of recreational." https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-guernsey-61436625 Bongme
  13. hi It’s 420 – another reminder that Britain’s cannabis laws are not fit for purpose It’s high time we had a sensible conversation about cannabis reform. From Canada to Georgia, Mexico to Malta, countries around the world are changing their laws. But in the UK the substance continues to be banned. We are failing to keep up with global trends and new thinking. In the UK, it is illegal to possess, grow, distribute, or sell cannabis, even though the drug poses no significant risk of death – in 2020, there were 36 deaths related to cannabis. Each death is a tragedy, but at a whole-population level, and in the context of overall consumption levels, this is not a dangerous substance – especially when compared to alcohol and tobacco. Voters know the system isn’t working. A majority of Britons are now in favour of legalising cannabis. The illicit market is estimated to be worth £2bn a year – most of which currently goes to gangs. Meanwhile, users are criminalised and given life-changing criminal records, and offences felt disproportionately by ethnic minorities. We should treat cannabis as a health problem rather than a criminal justice issue, regulate the market, and avoid a costly, futile “war on drugs”. There are now many examples the UK can learn from. My new research published today, by the Social Market Foundation, looks at some experiences abroad of cannabis reform, finding that liberalisation can bring a range of benefits. Of all the regimes I studied, Uruguay’s state-controlled model of regulation stands out. By tightly controlling the production of cannabis and selling it in registered pharmacies, Uruguay has ended up with limited consumption of a safer product. The Uruguayan model leaves no room for either criminal gangs or profit-seeking companies, who both have a clear motive to push consumption higher. As such, it comes closest to finding the regulatory sweet spot behind hard prohibition and free-market commercialisation, following best public health practice and reducing harm. There can be health benefits from cannabis liberalisation. Some countries have reduced cannabis consumption or maintained their previous rates. By adopting health-first approaches, countries have also created additional avenues for cannabis treatment and support. In Spain, closer regulation of supply and distribution has allowed for safer cannabis to enter the market. Canada’s dedicated youth prevention programmes have resulted in decreased use among the Canadian youth. To keep up to speed with all the latest opinions and comment, sign up to our free weekly Voices Dispatches newsletter by clicking here There are criminal justice implications too. Reformist countries have been effective in reducing minor cannabis offences and making drug use safer. In Portugal, money saved on court cases for minor offences is being reinvested in treatment services. Legalising cannabis has the added advantage of generating extra economic activity and tax revenues. Canada’s cannabis sector contributed equivalent to £26.4bn to its GDP within its first three years, and brought in £9.2bn worth of tax revenue. The need for cannabis policy reform is clear. By learning from others, the UK could implement a modern framework of its own. One that that balances safeguarding public health, reducing criminal activity and delivering economic gain – all to benefit society. That change can’t come soon enough – because Britain’s cannabis laws today are not fit for purpose. https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/420-legalising-cannabis-britain-california-uruguay-b2061480.html Bogme
  14. hi Govt Will ‘Await Position’ Of UK On Cannabis Bill Following the news that Governor Rena Lalgie will “reserve Assent” of the Cannabis Licensing Bill 2022, the Government issued a short statement that said they will “await the position of the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs regarding this matter.” A Government spokesperson said: “We have received the correspondence from the Governor regarding her decision to reserve Assent of the Cannabis Licensing Bill 2022, pursuant Section 35[2] of Constitution, and to notify the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, of such decision. We await the position of the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs regarding this matter.” Yesterday, the Governor said she will reserve Assent of the Bill and will “notify the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs.” For Bills to become law in Bermuda, they must first pass in Parliament and then be granted Assent by the UK-appointed Governor, and it is highly unusual for Assent to be reserved. https://bernews.com/2022/05/govt-governors-decision-cannabis-bill/ Bongme
  15. hi Inside one of the first licensed medical cannabis labs in Britain Guardian Under tightly controlled conditions, Celadon Pharmaceuticals’ site will initially focus on chronic pain treatments ‘My pain levels have dropped’: how medical marijuana changed my life sweet smell wafts through the air, as two men weave through the small room tightly packed with cannabis plants, growing high above their shoulders in a flush of intoxicating flora. This isn’t yet another illegal weed factory but one of the first licensed medicinal marijuana labs in Britain. Wielding a quantum sensor, microscope and leaf barometer to check in on the 180 plants growing up to 1.5 metres tall out of waist-height hydroponic planters, the two men are agronomists – experts in the science of crop production – at the West Midlands plant owned by Celadon Pharmaceuticals. They want to ensure optimal light, oxygen, water and nutrient levels, and harvest the flowers after about nine weeks, from which cannabinoids are extracted and put into vials. The cannabis grown for medicinal purposes is under tightly controlled conditions that ensure consistency and high quality across batches at a secret location by a startup created in 2018, the year Sajid Javid, the then UK home secretary, authorised its use. Celadon is one of the few firms that grow medical cannabis in the UK but, unlike others, uses an indoor lab rather than greenhouses. This means it can produce five to six harvests each year and a much higher yield, it says, although an indoor lab is more expensive to run. The company is following in the footsteps of GW Pharmaceuticals, a trailblazer that developed the first cannabis-based medicine to be licensed in the UK in 2010, Sativex for multiple sclerosis, which costs about £2,000 a year. However, NHS prescribing of the mouth spray remains very limited and varies across the country. Javid’s decision to legalise medical cannabis in 2018 came after a long-running campaign waged by the parents of children diagnosed with severe epilepsy, who reported that cannabis oil helped with their condition. However, medical cannabis can only be prescribed by specialist doctors, patients often pay for it themselves, and it cannot be imported until a prescription has been issued, on a named-patient basis. James Short, the 54-year-old founder and chief executive of Celadon, was sceptical at first. “In early 2018, my son approached me and asked me did I want to invest in the medical cannabis sector? I said it’s not for me,” he says. “When the government legalised it, he came back to me and I said: ‘Let’s look at it.’ I spoke to many patients who have used medicinal cannabis, especially for chronic pain, and it was those patients that persuaded me that it wasn’t snake oil – it really worked and had changed their lives.” Robin Davison, a biotech analyst at Equity Development, says: “A lot of people do find they are getting pain relief for long-term pain like back pain [from medical cannabis], and they want to avoid using opioids.” Other promising areas include anxiety, particularly in Alzheimer’s patients, which the rival pharmaceutical firm MGC is studying. Celadon is believed to be one of the first pharmaceutical companies in the UK to receive a home office licence to grow high tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) medicinal cannabis, and will initially focus on chronic pain treatments. It is working with partners to investigate the potential of cannabinoids in other areas, including autism and diabetes. The cannabis plant has hundreds of different natural compounds, or cannabinoids. The two best known are THC, which on the wrong levels can cause a “high” but relieves pain, and CBD, which is anti-inflammatory and moderates the psychoactive nature of THC. The company grew some cannabis test batches to gain approval from the UK medical regulator, the the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, and is working on ramping up production. At full capacity, it could grow 10 to 15 tonnes a year and supply up to 50,000 patients, generating £90m in annual revenues. Short has ambitions to open more sites. Big pharma has so far stayed away from a rapidly growing market that could be lucrative to the smaller players. The industry group Prohibition Partners estimates that about €354m worth of unlicensed medical cannabis will be sold in Europe this year, and projects this will grow to €2.3bn (£2bn) by 2026. Other analysts reckon these forecasts are too high but say growth will still be impressive. Celadon has taken a majority stake in the private London pain clinic LVL Health, which is testing medical cannabis in 100 patients with non-cancer chronic pain in a feasibility study, before a wider trial of up to 5,000 people, the only such UK trial that has conditional regulatory approval. They are given an inhaler that uses ground cannabis flower in a cartridgewhich is a smart device that is connected to an app to control dosage. Short, from Preston, is a former property developer who later switched to generating energy from waste, and then started investing in data companies. He had bought a £30m one-storey datacentre that now serves as the site of Celadon’s 100,000 sq ft medical cannabis lab, guarded by high security. The Department of Health estimates that 8 million people in the UK suffer from a form of chronic pain, of whom 3 million may be eligible for cannabinoid medicines where other treatments have failed. An estimated 1.4 million people are buying cannabis products on the black market to self-medicate. While the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes dates back thousands of years, the UK has lagged behind other countries such as Canada and Germany, and there have been calls on the government to allow GPs to prescribe medical cannabis. Short’s greatest frustration is the lack of reimbursement, and he says this is shortsighted. “I speak to patients on a regular basis who can’t work and are in terrible pain each day, that don’t want to be on opioids. Some are having to pay hundreds of pounds each month for medicinal cannabis. It really does work.” https://www.theguardian.com/society/2022/may/09/inside-one-of-the-first-licensed-medical-cannabis-labs-in-britain Bongme
  16. Prescribed cannabis seized by police at patient's home Police seized a city man's legally-held cannabis which he had been medically prescribed for a life-long condition. Ryan Specter, of Wilson Place in Poringland, is a UK registered medicinal cannabis patient who was prescribed Adven Flos 17 by London-based private pharmacist provider Sapphire Medical Clinics. The 27-year-old was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder at the age of five. Cannabis helps people with the disorder handle some of the more severe symptoms including agitation, irritability and lack of restraint. Following a row with neighbours in October, Mr Specter began receiving cannabis complaint forms which culminated with officers seizing the medicinal product from his flat on Sunday. Following investigations police have contacted Mr Specter and made arrangements for the return of the cannabis. Mr Specter said: "I am still dismayed by how forces are handling this and wish to see more change on that front. "Pharmaceutical company GW Pharmaceuticals actually have a massive cannabis farm in Wissington near King's Lynn. "That is one of the reasons I am so shocked police do not have an awareness of the issue here in Norfolk. This should be their bread and butter." The drug is used by inhalation with a vaporiser device with Mr Specter's prescription form - seen by the Evening News - stating there should be a build up of inhalations taken over three to five days. A staff member at Sapphire Medical Clinics confirmed Adven Flos 17 is legitimately stocked by the provider. The government announced medicinal cannabis prescribed by specialist doctors was legal from November 2018. Mr Specter said methylphenidate - which is medicine licensed for the treatment of ADHD under the NHS - would have too many side effects such as loss of appetite, trouble sleeping, headaches and feeling irritable. It comes after 28-year-old Liam Lewis had his prescription of medicinal cannabis returned to him after it was intercepted by Shetland police officers at the Royal Mail sorting office in Lerwick in February. The Department for Health and Social Care said they had nothing to add on the matter. A spokeswoman for Norfolk Police said: "Officers were called to an address in Poringland after a man reported ongoing issues with a neighbour who was unhappy about the smell of cannabis smoke emanating from his property. "When officers arrived, the man said he had been prescribed medicinal cannabis and showed them a white plastic bottle of herbal cannabis. "He didn’t provide them with a Cannabis Card (Cancard) so they couldn’t verify his claim using the Cancard app and the scheme’s helpline – which officers called while they were at the man’s home – was also unable to verify that he had been prescribed medicinal cannabis. "A label on a medication bottle if not sufficient evidence to prove that person is legally allowed an illegal drug. "That being the case, and as in all cases where officers suspect someone may be in possession of an illegal drug, they seized the drug and explained they would need to make further enquiries with the private pharmacy. "This has now happened, and the private pharmacist has confirmed the drugs were legally prescribed. Officers have contacted the owner and made arrangements for the return of the cannabis." Mr Specter disputes the police comment that he did not provide them with a Cancard on the day. https://www.eveningnews24.co.uk/news/crime/ryan-specter-medicinal-cannabis-seized-in-poringland-8922568 pics on link see also - https://www.eveningnews24.co.uk/news/health/ryan-specter-on-living-with-legal-cannabis-8928046
  17. hi Campaigners march through Cardiff calling for legalisation of cannabis Around 300 people attended the event Campaigners marched through Cardiff city centre to Cardiff Bay on Saturday calling for the legalisation of cannabis in the UK. Organised by Terry Wakefield, from Cardiff, the protest – the first to happen in Wales since 2019 due to Covid – included around 300 marchers also calling for more openness and education around the use of the drug. It remains illegal to possess, grow, and distribute cannabis in any form in the UK although it is legal to use for medicinal purposes if prescribed by a doctor. On a weekend where identical marches were also happening across the UK and globally a number of campaigners explained how prescribed cannabis has helped them. According to the Office for National Statistics since 1995 cannabis has consistently been the most used drug in Wales and England. In 2020 some 7.8% of adults aged 16 to 59 reported using cannabis. According to the figures 18.7% of 18-to-24-year-olds reported using the drug. Terry, who has attended the event in Cardiff since 1999, said taboos around cannabis in Britain were pushing the trade underground. “Cannabis is my medicine. I suffer complex PTSD and this march might sometimes be the only time I’m outside,” she said. “If I was in a position where I could go to my GP and ask for a prescription I would do. “If we are able to consume cannabis in the UK then we should have a right to grow our own. The more this stays illegal the more it will be pushed underground and the more gangs and slaves in Britain.” Jonathan Anthony from Cardiff uses cannabis for medicinal purposes and collects his prescription each month but he has to go private. According to DrugScience since cannabis was legalised for medical use through prescription in the UK only three prescriptions have been issued on the NHS. Jonathan says it means legal cannabis use is only available to those who can afford it. “I’ve had to ask my dad to pay for the prescription before and I was so grateful that he understood and did,” Jonathan said. “People still look at me funny sometimes. It is a taboo. “I would never have touched it years ago. I was an Army reserve and to touch cannabis was a no-go. Then I realised how much it helped me. “I have a condition which badly affects my knees. Someone offered it to me on the off-chance it might work and it did. I realised there might be something in it and while my GP didn’t condone it he was supportive of me. “I was finally able to get a legal prescription and it has changed my life. I’m better at home and at work. I’m a chef and I can finally do things I’d lost the ability to do. I’m so much more productive. It’s so important it is more available to everyone on the NHS who needs it.” Dr David Howells, who is a doctor at Cannabis Clinic in Cardiff – a private clinic offering consultations and legal use – said: “I believe there is an evidence base for cannabis-based treatment for people who have tried other treatments which haven’t worked, especially for symptomatic relief but also for quality of life. I think people should be allowed to have a right to access healthcare in a way that really suits them. “People might believe they have a cannabis product which works for them but it might not be the case over time. There can be impurities, moulds, bugs – these are things I think unwell people should not have to put up with. That is why we set up this service.” Phil Monk suffers with chronic myofascial pain from joint hypermobility spectrum disorder – a genetic condition which he says has caused torn muscles and joint problems. He now uses a wheelchair after 14 operations. He called laws criminalising cannabis in the UK “corrupt”. “This is destroying people’s liberties,” he said. “I have come here to stand up against it. I used to be fit and strong and climb mountains all the time. Now I use cannabis for medicinal, relaxation, creative, and nutritional purposes. Cannabis makes my life bearable. If I didn’t use it I’d have been dead a long time ago.” https://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/campaigners-march-through-cardiff-calling-23893678 23 comments Bomgme
  18. Mum's cannabis campaign to stop son having '80 seizures a day' Isaac suffers violent seizures and is in desperate need for medical cannabis which remains strictly regulated in the UK The mother of a boy with a condition which causes him to have up to 80 seizures a day is taking her campaign for access to medical cannabis to the Secretary of State. Three-year-old Isaac Linford suffers from Lujan-Fryns Syndrome, causing him severe epilepsy and regular seizures. The youngster's condition is so severe it cannot be treated with regular antiepileptics, and he's previously tried 13 treatments as well as a ketogenic diet - none of which have helped. Mum Sarah Sugden set up a GoFundMe in February to raise cash for medical cannabis, and has now organised a petition online which has garnered nearly 75,000 signatures at time of writing. Medical use of cannabis was legalised in the UK in 2018, but Sarah said that due to strict and "nonsensical" rules, doctors still face many hurdles prescribing it. The NHS does not provide the drug apart from to a select few children, and private clinicians face strict bureaucracy over its use making it impossible for Isaac's family. At present, Sarah said their only option was to travel to the Netherlands to get the medicine and face having it confiscated coming home. Hull MP Karl Turner has now written to Health Secretary Sajid Javid asking the Government to step in, as thousands of families are still struggling to provide their children with the medication they need. "It's just become so political," said Sarah, 30. "All the while, my chid is suffering. He could die from one of these seizures any day. "We just need people to apply some common sense. There is living, breathing proof this drug works to reduce seizures." Sarah met with Labour MP Mr Turner, as well as Peter Carroll - the founder of the campaign group End This Pain - last week to draft the letter. The Hull East MP has now written to the Secretary of State asking for a meeting to bring attention to the dead end the family is finding themselves at. "At the moment, with the way it is, I would have to go abroad to get it, then break the law bringing it back," the mum added. "It would be confiscated and I'd have to explain the situation, which would be incredibly stressful. "As a mum, I'm going to do anything it takes. We seem to have lost all common sense and the Government needs to intervene to say to doctors, 'it's okay to prescribe this medication - it's completely legal'." Sarah is now trying to gain as many signatures as she can on the family's petition. To sign it, click here. https://www.grimsbytelegraph.co.uk/news/local-news/mums-cannabis-campaign-stop-son-7039141
  19. hi Plans for UK's first large-scale trial of medicinal cannabis are dramatically scaled back after objections over widespread use leading to softened criminal laws Plans to hold Britain’s first large-scale trial of medicinal cannabis had to be dramatically scaled back following ethical objections, The Mail on Sunday can reveal. Earlier this month it emerged that Harley Street firm LVL Health had obtained approval for a ‘feasibility study’ on 100 patients. The plan was to see if vaping ‘whole flower’ cannabis could alleviate chronic pain, with LVL hoping that this would lead straight to a 5,000-people trial. The move, however, was rejected by an ethics panel. About one in three adults in England have chronic pain – defined as lasting more than three months. Supporters of medicinal cannabis say prescription on the NHS could prevent people from self-medicating and may be safer than opioids, the conventional treatment for chronic pain. However, there are fears that widespread medicinal use could be used to soften criminal laws – as happened in the US. LVL director Gregory Stoloff said their methods were robust and would yield high-quality results. But documents published online show an Oxford ethics committee had concerns about ‘the methodology’. They questioned whether LVL would be able to recruit 5,000 patients, or to make a valid comparison with a similar number given standard NHS drugs. Pain expert Sam Ahmedzai, a professor at Sheffield University, said the trial’s design ‘leaves a lot to be desired’. He pointed out that if the NHS group was not properly matched, the results could be misleading and that because 80 per cent of the LVL participants would have to pay £299 a month for treatment they could be more inclined to believe the cannabis was working. But Mr Stoloff said LVL were experts at matching groups, and while the trial size could be reduced they had already had more than 5,000 enquiries. He also said it was impossible to offer a placebo because the psychoactive effects of vaping cannabis would make it obvious which group a patient was in. Mr Stoloff said the trial’s high expense meant LVL was not making money from the cannabis, and LVL had no interest – financial or otherwise – in recreational cannabis. But author Alex Berenson, whose book Tell Your Children warns against legalisation, said: ‘The cannabis lobby followed a very clear playbook in the US – convince voters to approve the drug for medicinal use to create a quasi-legal industry. Then push for full legalisation.’ https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-10747305/Plans-UKs-large-scale-trial-medicinal-cannabis-dramatically-scaled-back.html add omments Bongme
  20. hi Cannabis-based epilepsy medicine Epidyolex approved for use on Scottish NHS Scottish epilepsy patients as young as two could be given new cannabis-based medication today approved for use on the NHS. Health bosses have given the green light to Epidyolex, which can help treat the symptoms of a rare genetic disease affecting around one in 10,000 people. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) causes tumours to grow in the body and around 80% of patients develop epilepsy from it, typically in their first year of life. Additionally, for the majority of people, their condition doesn’t respond to standard anti-seizure medication – making today’s Scottish Medical Consortium decision a potential game-changer. Scotland has become the second UK nation to approve the oral solution for use, following Wales. Medication ‘desperately needed’ for families Louise Fish, the chief executive of the Tuberous Sclerosis Association, says life could now be very different for those with the debilitating condition. “TSC is often a difficult to manage condition… and up to 60% of people with TSC-related epilepsy do not respond to standard anti-seizure medication,” she said. “New treatment options are desperately needed, and we are delighted that this medicine will now be available on the NHS for eligible patients in Scotland.” What is TSC and how will cannabis help? TSC is a rare, genetic condition which causes non-cancerous tumours to grow in organs including the brain, heart and eyes. These can cause seizures as well as learning disabilities, skin abnormalities and breathing problems. And if the seizures aren’t controlled through medicine, they can eventually cause brain damage. Research has shown that medical cannabis acts on cells in the body, such as those in the brain, and has stopped some people’s seizures altogether. While some cannabis-based medications are now being permitted for medical reasons, cannabis itself remains a Class B drug and is illegal to use recreationally or sell in the UK. Epidyolex contains highly-purified cannabidiol (CBD), and has been developed by medical cannabis specialists GW Pharmaceuticals. Chris Tovey, the executive vice president of parent firm Jazz Pharmaceuticals, said: “This is an important decision by the SMC and an exciting development for patients, their families and clinicians in Scotland. “The decision to reimburse Epidyolex demonstrates that, if provided with high-quality evidence, health authorities can provide access to rigorously-tested cannabis-based medicines to patients who could benefit from them.” https://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/fp/lifestyle/health-and-wellbeing/3928035/cannabis-based-epidyolex-scottish-nhs/ Bongme
  21. hi U.K. Government Becomes Part Owner in CBD Firm Here is the fascinating, if not frustrating, thing about U.K. cannabis reform: It is not like the government hasn’t seen the potential for years. Indeed, former Prime Minister Theresa May’s husband was the major shareholder in GW Pharmaceuticals before it was bought out. However, for reasons deliberate and not so, the British government is becoming more invested in at least medical cannabis. In the case of Grass & Co., a CBD manufacturer, the U.K. government became a part owner after its emergency start-up COVID loan converted into shares. The Future Fund was set up during the depths of the COVID pandemic to provide convertible loans to 1,190 companies. Three hundred and thirty five of those companies have been unable to pay back the funds, so the investment made in them has converted into equity. Where is British Cannabis Reform? The entire British conundrum over cannabis has lurched forward in strange ways. In 2018, the government allowed cannabis to be dispensed by prescription—the only problem was that most patients could not access the drug as it was not reimbursed by the National Health Service (NHS). Today, most patients in the U.K. obtain their cannabis from either private clinics or via Project Twenty21, a non-profit study which has enrolled approximately 20,000 patients. Beyond this, the government has also so far, at least, explicitly refused to consider patients who suffer from chronic pain. About one in three adults in the U.K. suffers from this condition. Earlier this year, the government finally allowed CBD products to go on sale—but not without setbacks. The application process was so fraught with setbacks that the application and approval process has been extended. There are now about 3,500 products on the market here and that is expected to increase. The U.K., in other words, has not really seen real medical reform. In the meantime, for the most part, the entire topic of recreational cannabis is mostly off the agenda. Bright Spots on the Islands If real reform that includes THC has been a political third rail in national British politics, there are signs that the topic is gaining traction in fits and starts. The first is that, no matter the delay, there is increasing interest in the treatment of chronic pain with cannabinoids. A prominent Harley Street clinic has tried (and so far, failed) to launch a 5,000-person trial to study the impact. Beyond this, reform is clearly moving on islands around the U.K. Both Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey are moving forward with plans to cultivate high THC cannabis. Beyond this, ground has been broken on the Isle of Man, just south of the southern coast of the U.K., for a large cultivation facility. The only place in the U.K. where recreational cannabis has been taken seriously so far is Guernsey, where legislators are openly talking about moving forward. Why is Reform Here so Fraught with Setbacks? Part of the problem in the U.K. right now is that there are just so many other large and looming issues. Brexit actually created the first delay here. Patients who had, just months before, suddenly been given the right to obtain cannabis by prescription suddenly faced an interruption in supply from continental Europe. Then there was an intercession by the British government, which denied chronic pain patients the right to be considered for cannabis treatment. Beyond this, both the pandemic and of course the war in Ukraine have created economic and political disruption. And that is before the many scandals currently afoot in Whitehall. Tragically, it is the British people who suffer from every delay. However, it is clear that the British cannot sidestep the issue—and there are signs that the entire discussion is moving ahead, albeit painfully slowly. https://hightimes.com/news/u-k-government-becomes-part-owner-in-cbd-firm/ Bongme
  22. hi ‘Education is central’ to medicinal cannabis expansion in the UK THE PERCEPTIONS of medicinal cannabis are changing. From a plant stigmatised and derided, a greater number of people are discovering its health benefits. Express.co.uk recently spoke to Sana Healthcare founder Arjun Rajyagor about the next steps for medicinal cannabis. In the four years since medicinal cannabis was legalised in 2018, a number of companies and individuals have entered the space. Among them is entrepreneur and winner of Junior Apprentice Arjun Rajyagor. Founder of Sana Healthcare, set up to save his mother, Rajyagor is one of a number of individuals highlighting the benefits of medicinal cannabis and trying to push the agenda forward through positive means. Express.co.uk recently spoke with him about the next steps for medicinal cannabis. Rajyagor said “education is central” to how medicinal cannabis is seen and how change is brought about. The question is, the education of who? Where campaigners for medicinal cannabis expansion agree is that in this case it is GPs as well as the public who need educating. The reason for this is so GPs can feel confident in prescribing medicinal cannabis products. GPs, just like other professionals, owe a duty of care to their patients. As a result, understandably they don’t want to prescribe something they don’t understand or unfamiliar with. Rajyagor said: “ It’s about educating them on what to prescribe and how to prescribe, how they should be looking at it and how they should be managing that patient journey.” The reason for this is because cannabis, adds Rajyagor, is “not like other medications where it’s a single chemical solution or a single isolate solution. It’s a full spectrum and it needs to be managed accordingly”. While a lack of education among GPs is a problem, Rajyagor has a solution being developed at Sana. The solution in question “is a platform for doctors free to use which enables them to be educated about the governance process around cannabis from a regulatory perspective". “It takes them through an entire journey to help them become comfortable with prescribing.” The aim is that with more GPs prescribing medicinal cannabis this in turn will help change the optics of medicinal cannabis. Speaking of awareness among the general public, fellow entrepreneur Pierre Van Weperen said: "A lot of people are not aware that you can get cannabis on prescription and a lot of people who are now in the NHS and seeing private doctors are not aware you can get cannabis on prescription.” With a change in the optics and the attachment of medicinal cannabis to certain conditions the hope is people will move from associating cannabis with recreational to the medicinal. So far medicinal cannabis has been attached with benefiting patients with a range of conditions such as: • Anxiety • Chronic pain • Long Covid • Brain tumours • Epilepsy • Crohn’s disease • Prostate cancer • Bowel cancer. However, there are some caveats to medicinal cannabis’s potential benefits. A lot of the positive results have come from early-stage trials or laboratory tests. There is still a long tough road ahead for greater medicinal cannabis expansion on the NHS. Nevertheless, with more studies and evidence will come greater credibility and persuasiveness among the medicinal establishment and the public. Comments Unavailable https://www.express.co.uk/life-style/health/1603197/medicinal-cannabis-education-expansion-uk Vid On Link Bongme
  23. Boy who led violent cannabis gang in shootings and arson attack was just 16 years old, court told A gang leader who ruthlessly ordered three shootings and an arson attack on a family's home was a boy of just 16, a court was told. Harry O'Brien, now 17, who brought terror to the streets of Dingle, Liverpool, in a feud with two families, has been locked up for almost 10 years. Other members of his gang were also given custodial sentences. O'Brien's youth means he would not normally be publicly named. But the ECHO report that they convinced a judge it was in the public interest to lift reporting restrictions in his case, so the extent of his crimes could be revealed. Liverpool Crown Court was told that O'Brien controlled a "graft" line, running a crew of dealers selling cannabis on the streets of Dingle. But his lucrative trade was exposed after a feud with the Franchetti and Rosario families led to three shootings in three weeks in the south of the city. In one terrifying incident, bullets were fired from an Audi at a BMW, as the two cars raced side-by-side through the city at night. A stray bullet flew through the front door of an "entirely innocent" family's home. A gunman on an electric bike peppered a family's living room with bullets and fired into another victim's bedroom. Finally, O'Brien had petrol poured through the letterbox of a home and set alight, forcing a mother and her children to run for their lives from the flames. The court heard all the attacks targeted members and associates of two families, the Franchettis and the Rosarios. They followed a ramming attack on a BMW car in which O'Brien was being driven by his mother. Judge Neil Flewitt, QC, said he had no doubt they were "the manifestation of a feud" between O'Brien's gang and "others" with whom they had a "real or perceived grievance, the nature of which has not emerged". He said: "Unhappily, the lives of wholly innocent people, including young children, were put at risk by the callous and cowardly actions of all those involved." O'Brien planned and took part in all three shootings, "orchestrated" the arson, and the cannabis trade was "his enterprise". David Temkin, QC, prosecuting, said: "Harry O'Brien was at the heart of the criminality in this case." Michael McClean, also 16 at the time, and Aaron Donohoe, then 19, were his "lieutenants", given "managerial responsibility" over his drug trade. Daniel Lawler, 19, joined O'Brien in carrying out two of the shootings, which all involved the same Glock semi-automatic gun - which has not been recovered. The first shooting took place late on December 29, 2020, after the occupants of a silver BMW X5, driving around Dingle looking for O'Brien and his gang, deliberately rammed into the BMW being driven by O'Brien's mother, Christine McPartland. Her passengers were her son, McClean, Donohoe and an unknown fourth male onboard. She rang police at 10.30pm to report the crash in Beresford Road, while her son and his gang contacted Lawler, who had previously helped to acquire a stolen Audi on false plates. Mr Temkin said: "What happened next was revenge." Armed with the loaded gun, O'Brien, McClean, Donohoe and the fourth male set off in the Audi, with banned driver McClean at the wheel. Three shots were fired at the BMW in Dingle Lane, with one piercing the front door of a "shocked" couple and their seven-year-old child's home. The QC said evidence given by Lawler revealed O'Brien was in "some sort of dispute" with the Franchetti and Rosario family. Over the next three weeks, while staying at the Staybridge Suites Hotel in Keel Wharf, O'Brien arranged to buy a Sur-Ron electric bike. O'Brien and Lawler set off on the bike - one armed with the pistol - on January 8, 2021. Just after 8.45pm, Donna Rosario rang police to say shots had been fired at her Sundridge Street home. Mr Temkin said: "She, her partner Ian Franchetti, and their daughter were at home in the living room at the time." Three bullets were found embedded in her living room wall and ceiling. Just after 1am on January 20, O'Brien and Lawler, on the same bike, targeted the Heffey family in Beloe Street, firing at an upstairs bedroom where Joel Heffey, 24, an associate of Ian Franchetti junior, was asleep. The gang next targeted the Dingle Lane house of Claire Bowness, at home with her three teenage children. Mr Temkin said: "Ian Franchetti senior is those children's uncle." The QC said the arson was the "brainchild" of O'Brien, who sought the help of a 14-year-old boy, from Toxteth, who cannot be named for legal reasons. O'Brien also enlisted Sian Kanu, then 19, who recruited Mohammed Mohammed, then 19, to carry out the attack. The boy filled a petrol canister at a Shell garage on Aigburth Road on February 1. It was taken by Mohammed to Ms Bowness's home on February 5, just after 8am. Mr Temkin said: "The fire spread some way into the property, moving from the hallway, to the staircase and to the upper floor. "Claire Bowness and the children, with their dog, managed to escape out of the rear of the property. However, they all required medical treatment for smoke inhalation." On February 12, police raided the home of O'Brien's grandparents, who lived next door to him in Buckland Street, Aigburth. They found £13,590 in cash in a plastic bag in the loft. One note bore their grandson's fingerprint. O'Brien was also seen with wads of cash at the Adagio Hotel and Elif restaurant in Liverpool city centre on April 26. He was arrested on July 1 at his aunt's home in Aigburth Road, where police found cannabis worth an estimated £5,000 plus cash, mobile phones, two knives and an axe. Police also raided the home of Nathan Kelly, 28, a customer of O'Brien's gang, in Lee Park Avenue, Belle Vale, on April 21. Officers found a .22 rimfire revolver loaded with eight bullets in a disused fish tank on his balcony. They also discovered a bag containing 36 Remington .22 cartridges suitable for the gun, and nine other bullets. In communal gardens outside, police recovered a Colt .41 revolver, wrapped in a black bin bag. O'Brien admitted conspiring to possess a firearm with intent to cause fear of violence, and conspiring to commit arson being reckless as to whether life would be endangered. He also admitted conspiracy to supply cannabis. Richard Pratt, QC, defending, said O'Brien had "diagnoses in the past of ADHD" and was described as "a risk taker". He added: "It may well be those illnesses, through no fault of his own, have contributed to this conduct." Judge Flewitt locked O’Brien up for nine years and eight months, with an extended three years on licence. He must serve at least two thirds of that sentence behind bars, before he can apply for parole. Lawler, 21, of Halewood Road, Woolton, was found guilty at trial of firearms offences and admitted unrelated charges of dangerous driving and handling stolen goods. He was locked up for eight years, with an extended two years on licence. He too must serve at least two thirds of that term. McClean, 18, of Upper Warwick Street, Toxteth, admitted cannabis and firearm offences, and was locked up for eight and a half years. Donohoe, 20, of Bewey Close, Toxteth, admitted cannabis and firearm offences and was locked up for six years and four months. Jurors could not reach a verdict against Kanu, 20, of Amity Street, Toxteth, on the arson charge. He admitted participating in the criminal activities of an organised crime group. He was locked up for two years and three months. The unnamed boy, now 15, admitted the arson plot. He was handed a two-year Youth Rehabilitation Order, with a six-month home curfew between 8pm and 7am daily. Mohammed, 20, of Kingsley Road, Toxteth, and Kelly, 28, of Lee Park Avenue, will be sentenced at later dates. https://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/uk-news/boy-who-led-violent-cannabis-23818366
  24. hi Calls to legalise cannabis in Guernsey Could Guernsey be the first place in the British Isles where you can grow and buy cannabis legally? Licensed use of medicinal cannabis was agreed in 2020 with licences for growing and production following in 2021 and 2022. But does that mean the island is ready to legalise what is currently a Class B drug? The BBC has been speaking to those behind the proposals and supporters of legalisation. In June, politicians will be asked to vote on working towards legalising cannabis in this political term - it ends in 2025. At the moment growing cannabis is against the law unless it is carried out under licence, while cannabis and cannabis resin are classified as Class B drugs. The Committee for Health and Social Care (HSC) is suggesting that while legalisation is being worked on, Public Health looks at how regulation works elsewhere. Vice-President Tina Bury said it could be the start of a move towards "a public health approach" to cannabis. Cannabis is thought to be the most widely-used illegal drug in the UK. A group of cross-party MPs who went on a fact-finding trip to Canada predict the UK will fully legalise cannabis use within five to ten years. While the drug can lead to feelings of relaxation, happiness and sleepiness, experts have also warned of a risk of anxiety and paranoia, confusion and even hallucinations. The HSC plans are set to be published next week and be debated as part of an update to the Government Work Plan. If approved politicians will have committed to working to deliver it, although it could be deprioritised in future revisions of the plan. Deputy Bury said the process was "a complex piece of work". https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/calls-to-legalise-cannabis-in-guernsey/ar-AAWJnul?ocid=BingNewsSearch Bongme
  25. hi Police arrest 10 revellers as crowds spill over into Oxford Street 'with a machete seen' after thousands of weed smokers descend on parks around the country on '420 day' to protest against cannabis laws Police arrested 10 revellers as crowds spilled over into Oxford Street last night after thousands of weed smokers descended on parks across the country to protest against cannabis laws and mark '420' day. Footage captured dozens of officers using dogs to disperse attendees who had left Hyde Park at around 9pm, with one detective saying some were 'involved in assaults' with a 'machete seen'. One clip appeared to show a German Shepherd nipping at a man's leg, causing him to fall to the ground as screams and car horns could be heard blaring in the background. Superintendent Dan Ivey wrote on Twitter: 'This was a proportionate response to a large crowd leaving the park, some involved in assaults, with a machete seen, one knife recovered, along with a knuckle duster. All is now calm. Ten arrests made.' Revellers were arrested for a range of offences, including possession of class A drugs, possession of class B drugs, possession with intent to supply, offensive weapons, affray and assaulting police. A man was also seen being arrested after refusing to throw away his stash and 'reacting angrily' to officers, reported MyLondon. Earlier in the day, clouds of smoke rose above large groups and music boomed from sound systems as attendees took over London's Hyde Park and Woodhouse Moor in Leeds. One attendee could be spotted grilling meat on a barbecue while a number of stalls were set up selling smoking paraphernalia such as bongs. And another person claimed to have spent £650 on a huge joint, saying: 'It took me six hours just to grind up. It cost between £650 and £700. I split it with my mate, we just bought it straight out.' Marijuana lovers unite for the rally every year on April 20, the date corresponding to the code name 420, and gather to demand the drug is decriminalised. Growing, possessing or distributing the Class B drug is against the law, but some councils in the UK don't pursue those who use cannabis for 'personal use'. While police usually turn a blind eye to the gathering - as long as people remain calm and good-natured - the law states that anyone caught with cannabis can be issued a warning or an on-the-spot fine of £90. The annual '420' tradition is said to have started in America because April 20 in the U.S. date format reads as 4/20. There are many stories behind the significance of the number in stoner culture, but the most common is that 4.20pm is touted as the best time of the day to start smoking the narcotic. There are drug and cannabis-related rallies worldwide, but Hyde Park is known as the largest in the UK. Gardeners from the Royal Park will also have to tidy up the venue in time for a 41-gun salute to mark the birthday of the Queen at midday tomorrow. Last year - when outdoor gatherings were only permitted for groups of up to six people - cannabis fans flocked to the park despite police warning that £200 fines would be issued for those flouting lockdown rules. In 2017, 12 people were detained by police at the rally. And the 2015 pro-cannabis rally saw more than 50 people arrested, despite claims from organisers that the event was peaceful. The term 420 is thought to have been created by a group of high school students looking to arrange a time to meet up, smoke marijuana and search for plot of land grow more of the cannabis plant. According to High Times, the cannabis magazine, in 1971 five students at the San Rafael High School in California decided to meet every day at 4.20pm to smoke marijuana by the school’s statue of Louis Pasteur. The password for the meeting was ‘420 Louis’. The five students called themselves ‘the Waldos’. The magazine then says the term faded into obscurity only to gloriously be brought back by a connection to the Grateful Dead band, at whose shows mysterious 420 flyers began popping up. The Waldos insist on their website that they weren't stereotypical stoners, and shouldn't be confused with Spicoli from the movie Fast Times at Ridgemont High or comedy duo Cheech and Chong. It wasn't long before High Times got wind of 420 and started using it in the magazine, officially declaring the Waldos as the true creators of the term in 1988, 'I started incorporating it into everything we were doing,' High Times editor Steve Hager told the Huffington Post. 'I started doing all these big events — the World Hemp Expo Extravaganza and the Cannabis Cup — and we built everything around 420. 'The publicity that High Times gave it is what made it an international thing,' he added. Until then, it was relatively confined to the Grateful Dead subculture. But we blew it out into an international phenomenon.' For decades now, the term 420 has been used in festivals and events, merchandise, store names, and even roommate listings and dating profiles. And of course, April 20 — written 4/20 by Americans — became an unofficial stoner holiday. In 2017, it was added to the Oxford English Dictionary. A Met Police spokesman told MailOnline: 'A total of ten arrests have been made, two arrested from possession of class A, one possession class B, one PWITS, one offensive weapon, one wanted missing x 4, one for possession of knife, two for affray and one for assault police.' https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-10736763/Thousands-weed-smokers-descend-parks-country-protest-against-cannabis-laws.html More Photos and Vids 2 comments at this time top hitter Nye Stribblebottom, Durham, United Kingdom, 9 hours ago Legalise it , we waste money chasing pointless laws , remove the criminals who steal electric , blight neighbourhoods and happily upsell to stronger highs , because of these pointless laws the trade is limited to hybrids , strength is king and education is nonexistant , there are many strains that are wanted by users for medicinal purposes but unavailable . Take the crime and gangs out of the loop , treat people like adults and accept people have used cannabis since the begining of time and always will . Bongme